Themis (Titaness) of Divine Law and Order

Θέμις (Thémis)1)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (The Twelve Titans) Titaness of divine law and order.


300px-0029MAN-ThemisThemis /ˈθms/ (Greek: Θέμις) is an ancient Greek Titaness. She is described as “of good counsel”, and is the personification of divine order, law, natural law and custom.Themis means “divine law” rather than human ordinance, literally “that which is put in place”, from the Greek verb títhēmi (τίθημι), meaning “to put”.

To the ancient Greeks she was originally the organizer of the “communal affairs of humans, particularly assemblies”.[1] Moses Finley remarked of themis, as the word was used by Homer in the 8th century BCE, to evoke the social order of the 10th- and 9th-century Greek Dark Ages:

Themis is untranslatable. A gift of the gods and a mark of civilized existence, sometimes it means right custom, proper procedure, social order, and sometimes merely the will of the gods (as revealed by an omen, for example) with little of the idea of right.[2]

Finley adds, “There was themis—custom, tradition, folk-ways, mores, whatever we may call it, the enormous power of ‘it is (or is not) done’. The world of Odysseus had a highly developed sense of what was fitting and proper.”[3]

The personification of abstract concepts is characteristic of the Greeks. The ability of the goddess Themis to foresee the future enabled her to become one of the Oracles of Delphi, which in turn led to her establishment as the goddess of divine justice.

Some classical representations of Themis showed her blindfolded, holding a sword. The sword is also believed to represent the ability Themis had from cutting fact from fiction; to her there was no middle ground. Themis built the Oracle at Delphi and was herself oracular. According to another legend, Themis received the Oracle at Delphi from Gaia and later gave it to Phoebe.[4]

When Themis is disregarded, Nemesis brings just and wrathful retribution; thus Themis shared the Nemesion temple at Rhamnous. Themis is not wrathful: she, “of the lovely cheeks”, was the first to offer Hera a cup when she returned to Olympus distraught over threats from Zeus.[5]

Themis presided over the proper relation between man and woman, the basis of the rightly ordered family (the family was seen as the pillar of the deme), and judges were often referred to as “themistopóloi” (the servants of Themis). Such was also the basis for order upon Olympus. Even Hera addressed her as “Lady Themis.” The name of Themis might be substituted for Adrasteia in telling of the birth of Zeus on Crete.

Themis was present at Delos to witness the birth of Apollo. According to Ovid, it was Themis rather than Zeus who told Deucalion to throw the bones of “his Mother” over his shoulder to create a new race of humankind after the deluge.

Hesiod’s description and contrast to Dike

In Greek mythology, Hesiod mentions[6] Themis among the six sons and six daughters of Gaia and Uranus (Earth and Sky). Among these Titans of primordial myth, few were venerated at specific sanctuaries in classical times.

Themis occurred in Hesiod’s Theogony as the first recorded appearance of Justice as a divine personage. Drawing not only on the socio-religious consciousness of his time but also on many of the earlier cult-religions, Hesiod described the forces of the universe as cosmic divinities. Hesiod portrayed temporal justice, Dike, as the daughter of Zeus and Themis.

Dike executed the law of judgments and sentencing and, together with her mother Themis, carried out the final decisions of Moirai. For Hesiod, Justice is at the center of religious and moral life, who, independently of Zeus, is the embodiment of divine will. This personification of Dike will stand in contrast to justice viewed as custom or law, and as retribution or sentence.[7]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Themis

Personal Information

Themis (Titaness) of Divine Law and Order
Name Themis (Titaness) of divine law and order
Parents

Siblings

Name Birth Death
Iapetus (Titan) of mortalityasdasds   
Crius (Titan)asdasds   
Mnemosyne (Titaness) of memory & remembranceasdasds   
Cronus (Chthonic Deity & Titan) of the Harvestasdasds   
Rhea (Titaness) of fertilityasdasds   
Phoebe (Titaness) of intellect & prophecyasdasds   
Coeus (Titan) of intellect and the axis of heavenasdasds   
Hyperion (Titan) of lightasdasds   
Theia (Titaness) of sight and the shining light of the clear blue skyasdasds   
Oceanus (Titan Aquatic Deities)asdasds   
Tethys (Titaness) of fresh-water (Aquatic Primordial Deity)asdasds   

Half-Siblings

Name Birth Death
Kythonios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Picolous (Gigantes)asdasds   
Pelorus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Hippolytus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Hapladamas aka-Hoplodamus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Asterius, aka-Astarias, aka-Aster, aka-Asterus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Aristaeus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Thoon aka. Thoas (Gigantes)asdasds   
Theomises (Gigantes)asdasds   
Theodamas (Gigantes) (Gigantes)asdasds   
Skyeus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Rhoikos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Phoitos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Peloreus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Pankrates (Gigantes)asdasds   
Pallas (Gigantes)asdasds   
Ouranion (Gigantes)asdasds   
Mylinos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Molios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Mimon (Gigantes)asdasds   
Leon (Gigantes)asdasds   
Klytios aka. Clytius (Gigantes)asdasds   
Khthonios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Hyperbios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Hippolytos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Gration (Gigantes)asdasds   
Eurytos, aka-Euryalus, aka-Euryalos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Euboios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Ephialtes (Gigantes)asdasds   
Enkelados (Gigantes)asdasds   
Emphytos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Damysos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Damasen (Gigantes)asdasds   
Aristaios (Gigantes)asdasds   
Alcyoneus aka. Alkyoneus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Aigaion (Gigantes)asdasds   
Alektos aka. Allektos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Agrios aka. Agrius (Gigantes)asdasds   
Meliae (consort of Apollo)asdasds   
Porphyrion (Gigantes)asdasds   
Polybotes (Gigantes)asdasds   
Mimas, aka-Mimos (Gigantes)asdasds   
Enceladus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Antaeus (Gigantes)asdasds   
Gigantes (Giants)asdasds   
Erinyes (Furies)asdasds   
Echidna (half-woman, half-snake)asdasds   
Cyclopes (Giants)asdasds   
Hecatonchires (Centimanes)asdasds   
Typhon (Storms)asdasds   
Ourea (Primordial Deity) 10 gods of mountainsasdasds   
Aphrodite (Twelve Olympians)asdasds   
Uranus (Primordial Deity) god of the heavens (Father of the Titans)asdasds   
Tartarus aka. Tartaros (Abyss)asdasds   
Pontus (Primordial Deity) god of the seaasdasds   
Titans (Primordial Deities)asdasds   

References   [ + ]

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Noah Moses

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