(Lesser gods of the rivers/sea/springs)
(Greek Name: Ωκεανις Ωκεανιδες) (Transliteration: Ôkeanis, Ôkeanides) (English Spelling: Oceanid, Oceanids) (Translation: Daughters of Oceanus)
Lesser gods of the rivers/sea/springs
Oceanids. These were the lesser gods and goddesses of the rivers, the sea, and the springs.
THE OKEANIDES1)http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/Okeanides.html (Oceanids) were three thousand goddess-nymphs who presided over the sources of earth’s fresh-water–from rain-clouds to subterranean springs and fountains. Their numbers included the Nephelai (Cloud-Nymphs), Aurai (Breeze-Nymphs),Naiades (Spring and Fountain Nymphs), Leimonides (Pasture Nymphs), and Anthousai (Flower Nymphs). They were all daughters of the great, earth-encircling, fresh-water stream Okeanos (Oceanus) and his wife Tethys.
The eldest among them were numbered among the Titanides (female Titans)–Styx, Dione, Neda, Metis, Klymene, Eurynome, Doris, Elektra, and Pleione. These were most likely heavenly goddesses of the clouds.
Some of the Okeanides personified divine blessings such as Metis (Wisdom), Klymene (Fame), Plouto (Wealth), Tykhe (Good Fortune), Telesto (Success), and Peitho (Persuasion). The goddess Nemesis was sometimes also included in their number as one who provided balance by punishing undeserved good fortune as might arise from her sister’s gifts.
These Good Spirits (Daimones Agathoi) were ephemeral in nature much like the dark children of Nyx (Night), the Spirits of Harm (Daimones Kakoi).
Another group of Okeanides were handmaidens of the Olympian goddesses, the most prominent of these were the sixty Okeanis companions of Artemis, Peitho the handmaiden of Aphrodite, and Klymene the handmaiden of Hera.
The Naias-Okeanides (Naiads) were primarily nymphs of springs, wells and fountains. They were often portrayed as the wives of the Potamoi (River-Gods) and mothers of younger Naiades.
The Okeanides were occasionally described as sea-nymphs. In the late classical era the mythical, earth-encircling, fresh-water river Okeanos was increasily equated with the briny Atlantic and Indian Oceans, and his nymph-daughters reimagined as marine deities.
LIST OF NAMED OCEANIDS
ADMETE An Okeanis whose name means “the unbroken” or “unwedded”. She may have been the Naias Nymphe of a wild mountain stream, or the Nephele of wild clouds and rain. Admete was perhaps a goddess of unwedded maidens, her sister Zeuxo, representing the yoke of marriage.
AKASTE (Acaste) An Okeanis whose name means “unstable” or “irregular”. She may have been the Naias Nymphe of an erratically flowing spring or stream, or a Nephele of unpredictable rainfall. Akaste might also have been a gooddess of unpredictable behavior.
AMPHIRO An Okeanis named “the surrounding flow”. She may have been a Naias of a stream of Nephele of rain.
AMPHITRITE The Okeanis goddess of the sea. (She was usually numbered amongst the Nereides rather than Okeanides).
ASIA The Okeanis Nymphe of the region of Asia (or rather Anatolian peninsular). She was the wife or mother of the Titan Prometheus. Her sister was Europe.
ASTEROPE The “starry-eyed” was an Okeanis loved by Zeus.
BEROE The Okeanis Nymphe of the city of Beroe (Beruit) in Lebanon.
DAEIRA An Okeanis Nymphe named “the knowing” or “learned”. She was a goddess of the town of Eleusis, perhaps the Naias of the sacred town well.
DIONE The Okeanis Nymphe “heavenly” or “divine” was a goddess of the oracle of Dodona in Thesprotia.
DODONE (Dodona) The Okeanis Nymphe of Dodona in Thesprotia. She may have been the Naias of a local spring or well, and was perhaps the same as the Okeanis Dione.
DORIS The Okeanis “pure water” was a wife of the sea-god Nereus. She may have represented the mingling of fresh-water with the brine of the sea. Alternatively she was the goddess of the Dorian-tribe of Greeks, just as her sister Ianeira presided over the Ionians.
EIDYIA (Idyia) The Okeanis “seeing” or “knowing” was the wife of King Aeetes of Kolkhis (Colchis). She was apparently a goddess connected with the power of witchcraft.
ELEKTRA (Electra) The Okeanis “amber” or “amber-coloured” was perhaps a goddess of sun-coloured clouds. She was the mother of the rainbow goddess Iris by the sea-god Thaumas (Wondrous).
EPHYRA The Okeanis Nymphe of the town of Ephyra (Korinthos). She was probably the Naias of the town’s well or spring.
EUDORA The Okeanis “good-gifts” was perhaps a Nephele of good downfalls of rain or the Naias of a generously flowing spring.
EUROPE (Europa) The Okeanis Nymphe of the continent of Europe. Her sister was Asia.
EURYNOME 1 The Okeanis Nymphe of “broad-pastures”. She was the mother of the Kharites (Charites) by Zeus. Eurynome was perhaps one of the Epimelides–nymphai of the pastures.
EURYNOME 2 The Okeanis Nymphe of “wide-rulership”. She was the wife of the Titan Ophion.
GALAXAURA The Okeanis Nymphe “milky breeze” was probably the Aura or Nephele of the mist-clearing breeze.
HAGNO The Okeanis “holy” was one of the nurses of the infant god Zeus. She was the Naias of the Arkadian spring Hagno, whose waters generated the clouds of a Nephele.
HESIONE The Okeanis “knowing” or “foresight” was a goddess of foreknowledge. She was the wife of the Titan Prometheus (forethought). Hesione was also known as Pronoia.
HIPPO The Okeanis Nymphe “horse” was the Naias of a stream or Aura of breezes – both winds and waters were often likened to horses.
HYALE The Okeanis “crystal” or “clear like crystal” was a Nephele of rain. She was on the attendant Nymphs of Artemis.
IAKHE (Iache) The Okeanis of the ritual cry of joy “iakhe”. She was a goddess of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
IANEIRA An Okeanis Nymphe, perhaps the goddess of the Ionian tribe of Greeks. Her sister Doris presided over the Dorians.
IANTHE The Okeanis of “violet flowers” or the colour “violet”. She may have been a Nephele of the violet tinged clouds of dawn, or an Anthousa (flower-nymph) of violets.
KALLIRHOE (Callirhoe) The Okeanis “fair-flowing” was either the Naias of a good flowing spring or Nephele (Cloud) of good downpours. She was the mother of the Erythian (Spanish) giant Geryon.
KALYPSO (Calypso) An Okeanis whose name means “hidden”, “covered”or “veiled”. She may have been the Naias of a covered or hidden spring or the Aura of invisible breezes.
KAMARINA (Camarina) The Okeanis Nymphe of the city of Kamarina in Sicily. She was probably the Naias of the town fountain or well.
KAPHEIRA (Capheira) The Okeanis “storm-breath” was probably the Aura of strong winds. She was a nurse of the god Poseidon.
KERKEIS (Cerceis) One of the Okeanides.
KETO (Ceto) The Okeanis “sea-monster” was a love of the god Helios.
KHARIKLO (Chariclo) A Okeanis Nymphe of Mount Pelion in Thessalia. She was the wife of the wise kentauros Kheiron (centaur Chiron).
KHRYSEIS (Chryseis) The Okeanis “golden” or “golden-yellow” was probably either a Nephele of the golden-tinged clouds of sunset, or the Naias of a gold-producing mountain-spring.
KLYMENE 1 (Clymene) The Okeanis goddess of fame and infamy was the wife of the Titan Iapetos.
KLYMENE 2 (Clymene) The Okeanis of fame was the mother of the Phaethon by Helios the sun. She was probably one of the Nephelai. She may be the same as Klytia.
KLYTIA (Clytia) An Okeanis named “fame” or “renown” who fell in loved with the Sun-god Helios and was transformed into a sun-gazing heliotrope flower. She may have been the same as Klymene 2.
KROKALE (Crocale) The Okeanis “sea-shore” was a Naias Nymphe companion of the goddess Artemis.
LEUKE (Leuce) An Okeanis named “the white” who was loved by Haides god of the underworld. She was transformed into the white poplar tree of the blessed Elysian Fields.
LEUKIPPE (Leucippe) The Okeanis “White-Horse” was probably the Nephele or Aura of fast moving clouds, or the Naias of a frothy white spring or mountain stream. Winds and waters were often compared to horses.
LIBYA The Okeanis Nymphe of the continent of Libya (Africa). She was a sister of Europe and Asia.
MELIA (1) The Okeanis “honey-sweet” was the wife of the Argive river-god Inakhos. She was probably the Naias of a sweet-water spring, perhaps the same as Melia 2 below.
MELIA (2) An Okeanis named “honey-sweet” who was loved by the god Apollon. She was the Naias of the Theban spring Ismene.
MELIBOIA (1) (Meliboea) The Okeanis “sweet-cattle” was the wife of the early Arkadian King Pelasgos. She was probably either the Naias nymphe of an Arkadian spring or the Epimelis of cattle-grazing pastures.
MELIBOIA (2) (Meliboea) An Okeanis loved by the Syrian River-God Orontes.
MELITE The Okeanis “honey-sweet” was probably the Nymphe of sweet-water spring.
MELOBOSIS The Okeanis “food of fruit” or “sheep-feeder” was probably one of the Epimelides, Nymphai of grassy pastures or fruit trees.
MENESTHO The Okeanis “swift-force” or “strong and fast” was probably the Naias of a full flowing stream, or the Aura of strongly blowing breezes.
MEROPE The Okeanis “with face turned” was the mother of Phaethon by the god Helios. She was probably the same as Klymene 2.
METIS The Okeanis goddess of wisdom and good-counsel. She was loved by Zeus, who swallowed her to avoid the prophecy that her son would dethrone him.
NEDA The Okeanis goddess of the Arkadian River Neda. She was an Arkadian nurse of the infant god Zeus.
NEMESIS The Okeanis goddess of indignation and retribrution for evil deeds or undeserved good fortune. She was also called a daughter of Nyx or Zeus.
NEPHELE (1) A Nymphe “cloud” who was the wife of the mortal King Athamas. She rescued her two children from sacrifice by sending a flying golden-fleeced Ram to their aide (a creature reminiscent of a golden cloud).
NEPHELE (2) A Nymphe formed by Zeus in the shape of Hera out of the clouds. She was raped by the criminal Ixion, and bore him the Kentauroi (Centaurs).
NEPHELE (3) The Okeanis Nymphe “cloud” was one of the virgin Nephelai attendants of the goddess Artemis.
NYMPHAI ARTEMIAI, THE (Nymphs of Artemis) The fifty youngest Okeanides were handmaidens of the goddess Artemis.
NYSIADES, THE Five Okeanides of the mythical Mount Nysa who nursed the god Dionysos and became the first of his Bakkhantes (Bacchantes).
OKYRHOE (Ocyrhoe) The Okeanis “swift-flowing” was either a Naias of fast flowing spring, or Nephele of falling rain.
OURANIA (Urania) The “heavenly-one” was probably an Okeanis Nephele (of the clouds).
PAREGORON The Okeanis goddess of consolation and soothing words. She was an attendant of the goddess Aphrodite.
PERIBOIA (Periboea) The Okeanis “surrounded by cattle” was the wife of the Titan Lelantos. She was probably the Naias of a pasture-feeding stream.
PASITHOE An Okeanis whose name means “all-swift”. She was probably either the Naias of a fast-flowing spring or an Aura of the swift breeze.
PEITHO The Okeanis goddess of persuasion and seduction. She was a close companion of Aphrodite.
PERSEIS An Okeanis-eponym of Persia and mother by Helios of the eastern despots Aeetes and Perses, and the witches Pasiphae and Kirke. Her name also means “destroyer” who probably was a goddess of the destructive power of witches.
PETRAIE The Okeanis “of the rocks” or “stone-grey” was probably the Naias of a rocky spring, or Nephele of dark grey clouds.
PHAINO (Phaeno) The Okeanis “appearing” or “shining” was perhaps the Nephele of the appearance of cloud, or the Naias of a bright spring.
PHIALE The Okeanis “water-pitcher” was one of the companions of the goddess Artemis. She was either a spring Naias or rain-pouring Nephele.
PHILYRE (Philyra) An Okeanis who was the mother of the kentauros Kheiron (centaur Chiron) by Kronos (Cronus). She was transformed into a linden tree (philyre).
PLEIONE The Okeanis goddess of many (offspring) was the mother of the Pleiades by Atlas. She was either a Nephele of many rain-bringing clouds, or an Epimelis of the multiplying flocks of the mountain pasture.
PLEXAURE (Plexaura) The Okeanis of the “weaving breeze” was probably one of the Aurai.
PLOUTO (Pluto) The Okeanis goddess of wealth was probably a Nephele of fertile rains, prospering the agricultural crop.
POLYDORA The Okeanis “many gifts” might have been the Nephele of generous downfalls.
PRONOIA (Pronoea) The Nymphe named “foresight” was the wife of the Titan Prometheus. She was a goddess of the shrine of Delphoi, and probably the same as the Okeanis Hesione.
PRYMNO The Okeanis “root” or “undermost” was probably the Naias Nymphe of groundwater, or the waters of a deep well.
PSEKAS (Psecas) The Okeanis “rain-shower” was a Nephele companion of the goddess Artemis.
RHANIS An Okeanis named “rain-drop”. She was one of the Nephelai attendants of the goddess Artemis.
RHODEIA The Okeanis named “of the roses” or “rose-coloured” was either an Anthousa flower-nymphe, Naias of a rose-draped spring, or Nephele of the rose-tinged clouds of dawn.
RHODOPE The Okeanis “rosey-eyed” was probably either an Anthousa flower-nymphe of Nephele of the rose-coloured clouds of dawn.
STYX The Okeanis goddess of the Arkadian River Styx. She was “the hated”, whose dark streams symbolised poisoned waters.
TELESTO The Okeanis goddess of success and accomplishment. She was probably one of the Nephelai, an ethereal goddess.
THEIOSA An Okeanis nurse of the infant Zeus in Arkadia (Arcadia).
THOE The Okeanis “swift” might have been a Naias, Nephele or Aura Nymphe.
TYKHE (Tyche) The Okeanis goddess of fortune or chance was probably one of the heavenly Nephelai.
XANTHE The Okeanis “yellow” or “yellow-brown” was probably either a Naias of a muddy flowing stream, or the Nephele of the yellowed clouds of dawn and dusk.
ZEUXO An Okeanis named “the yoked” was probably a goddess of marriage, brides being yoked in marriage. She may have been a Naias or Nephele Nymphe, in the sense of a yoked or tamed horse.
- Amphitrite – usually counted as a Nereid rather than an Oceanid
- Anthracia – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Asia – nymph of the Asian region, sister to Europa
- Asterope – mother by Zeus of Acragas, eponym of several ancient cities known as Acragas, possibly including Acragas, Sicily
- Clio – not to be confused with the Muse Clio
- Clymene – wife of Iapetus
- Clytie or Clytia
- Crocale – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
- Daira – mother of Eleusis by Hermes
- Doris – wife of the sea god Nereus, mother of the fifty Nereides.
- Electra – wife of Thaumas, mother of Iris, Arke and the Harpies; not to be confused with other characters of the same name, see Electra (disambiguation)
- Europa (not the Europa who was abducted by Zeus and became the mother of Minos)
- Glauke – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Hagno – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Hesione – wife of Prometheus
- Hyale – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
- Ianthe – nymph of violet rain clouds or violet flowers
- Idyia or Eidyia – wife of Aeetes, mother of Medea
- Ithome – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Melia – sister of Caanthus
- Metis – goddess of wisdom, first spouse of Zeus
- Mopsopia – Attica was believed to have been previously named Mopsopia after her
- Myrtoessa – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Nede – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Nephele – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis; not to be confused with Nephele, goddess of clouds
- Oinoe – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Ozomene – in one source, this name substitutes for Electra
- Perse or Perseis – consort of Helios
- Phiale – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
- Philyra – mother of Chiron by Cronus
- Phrixa – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Pleione – mother of the Pleiades by Atlas
- Plouto or Pluto – mother of Tantalus by Zeus
- Polyphe – in a rare version, mother of Athena by Poseidon
- Psekas – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
- Rhanis – one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
- Rhodea or Rhodeia
- Styx – Oceanid of the river Styx that flowed nine times around Hades; an exceptionally female river goddess
- Theisoa – one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
- Urania – not to be confused with the Muse Urania
|Name||Oceanids Oceanids (Daughters of Oceanus)|
|Profession||Oceanids (Daughters of Oceanus)|
|Clymene aka. Klymene (Oceanid Nymph) (Oceanid Nymph)asdasds|
|Clymene aka. Klymene (Oceanid Nymph) (Oceanid Nymph)asdasds|
|Iapetus (Titan) of mortalityasdasds|
|Maia - Pleiades (Titaness)asdasds|
|Hermes (Twelve Olympians)asdasds|
References [ + ]