Inachus (King of Argos)

Inachus was the first king of the city of Argos in Greek mythology. His name was also given to the river Inachus nearby. He was the eldest king of Argos, and according to the myth, he was one of the three judges in a dispute between the gods Poseidon and Hera, alongside Cephissus and Asterion. When they decided that Herawas right, Poseidon was enraged and removed all the water from the river. It was also believed that he was the god of the aforementioned river, thus making him a son of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. Along with the ash-tree nymph Melia, or Argia, he had a number of children, including Phoroneus, Aegialeus, and Philodice. His daughter Io was by him alone, when he bore her out of his mouth. The myth has it that he founded the city of Argos after the flood, from which Deucalion and Pyrrha were the only survivors.

See Also: Poseidon, Hera, Cephissus, Oceanus, Tethys

http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Mortals/Inachus/inachus.html


In Greek mythology, Inachus (Ancient Greek: Ἴναχος) was the first king of Argos after whom a river was called Inachus River,[1] the modern Panitsa that drains the western margin of the Argive plain.[2]

The historian Pausanias describes him as the eldest king of Argos who named the river after himself and sacrificed to Hera.[3] He also notes that some said he was not a mortal, but a river. He states that Inachus, Cephissus and Asterion were mediators in a land dispute between Poseidon and Hera; when they judged for Hera, Poseidon took away their water (elsewhere he writes that Poseidon flooded the region as his revenge). He mentions Dinomenes (Io) and Mycene as daughters of Inachus.

Though Jerome and Eusebius (both citing Castor of Rhodes), and as even late as 1812 John Lemprière[4] euhemeristically asserted that he was the first king of Argos, and Robert Graves that he was a descendant of Iapetus, most modern mythologists understand Inachus as one of the river gods, all sons of Oceanus and Tethys and thus to the Greeks part of the pre-Olympian or “Pelasgian” mythic landscape; in Greek iconography, Walter Burkert notes,[5] the rivers are represented in the form of a bull with a human head or face. In the Danaan founding myth, Poseidon had dried up the springs of the Argolid out of anger at Inachus for testifying that the land belonged to the ancient goddess, Hera; to counter this drought, Danaus sent his daughters to draw water. One of them, Amymone, in her search lay with Poseidon, and he revealed to her the springs at Lerna.[6]

As rivers are generally fertile, Inachus had many children, the chief of whom were his two sons, Phoroneus and Aegialeus or Phegeus, and his two daughters, Io and Philodice, wife of Leucippus. The mother of these children was variously described in the sources, either the primeval ash-tree nymph Melia, called the mother of Phoroneus and Aegialeus, or Argia (his sister), called the mother of Phoroneus and Io. Io is sometimes confused as the daughter of Inachus and Melia but she is the daughter of Inachus alone. Io was born from Inachus’ mouth technically making her Inachus and Melia’s daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia.

Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym, his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae, the spring nymph Amymone, Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice.

In one founding myth of Argos, Inachos founded the city after rendering the province of Argolis inhabitable again, following the deluge of Deucalion.

Sophocles wrote an Inachos, probably a satyr play, which survives only in some papyrus fragments found at Oxyrhyncus and Tebtunis, Egypt; in it Inachos is reduced from magnificence to misery through the unrequited love of Zeus[7] for his daughter Io; Hermes wears the cap of darkness, rendering him invisible, but plays the aulos, to the mystification of the satyrs; Argos and Iris, as a messenger of Hera both appear, a “stranger” turns Io into a heifer at the touch of a hand, and at the end, apparently, the satyrs are freed from their bondage, to become shepherds of Inachos.[8] An additional papyrus fragment of Sophocles’ Inachos was published in 1960.[9]

In Virgil’s Aeneid, Inachus is represented on Turnus‘s shield. Compare the Inachos or Brimos of the Eleusinian Mysteries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inachus

 

Personal Information

Inachus (King of Argos)
Name Inachus (King of Argos)
Parents
WifeMelia (Oceanids Nymph)
Profession(King of Argos)

Siblings

Name Birth Death
Petraie (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Paregoron (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Nysiades 'the' (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Nymphai Artemiai 'the' (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Leuke aka. Leuce (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Libya (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Chariclo aka. Khariklo (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Zeuxo (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Xanthe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Urania aka-Ourania (consort of Apollo) Oceanids Nymph.asdasds   
Tyche aka. Tykhe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Thoe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Theisoa (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Telesto (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Stilbo (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Rhodope (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Rhodea aka. Rhodeia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Rhanis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Psekas aka. Psecas (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Prymno (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Pronoia aka. Pronoea (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Polyxo (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Polyphe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Polydora (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Plouto aka. Pluto (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Plexaure aka. Plexaura (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Pleione (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Phrixa (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Philyra (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Phiale (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Phaino (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Petraea (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Perse aka. Perseis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Periboea (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Peitho (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Pasithoe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ozomene aka. Electra (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Oinoe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ocyrrhoe aka. Okyrhoe (consort of Apollo) - Oceanids Nymph.asdasds   
Nephele (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Nemesis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Nede aka. Neda (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Myrtoessa (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Mopsopia aka. Attica (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Metis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Merope (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Menestho (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Melobosis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Melite (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Meliboea (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Melia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Lysithea (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Leucippe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ithome (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Idyia aka. Eidyia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ianthe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ianira (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Iakhe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Hyale (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Hippo (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Hesione (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Hagno (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Glauke (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Galaxaure aka. Galaxaura (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Eurynome (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Europa aka. Europe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Eudora (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Euagoreis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ephyra (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Electra aka. Elektra (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Doris (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Dodone aka. Dodona (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Dione (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Daira aka. Daeira (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Crocale aka. Krokale (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Clytie aka. Clytia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Clio (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Chryseis aka. Khryseis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Ceto aka. Keto (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Cerceis aka. Kerkeis (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Capheira aka. Kapheira (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Camarina aka. Kamarina (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Calypso aka. Kalypso (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Callirrhoe aka. Kallirhoe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Cleodora (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Bolbe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Beroe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Asterope (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Asterodia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Asia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Argia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Anthracia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Anchiroe (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
(Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Amphiro (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Amaltheia (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Aethra (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Admete (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Acaste (Oceanids Nymph)asdasds   
Styx (Oceanids Nymph) - Titanessasdasds   
Metis (Titaness) of good counsel, advice, planning, cunning, craftiness, and wisdomasdasds   
Eurynome (Titaness) of water-meadows & pasturelandsasdasds   
Potamoi (Titan)asdasds   
Oceanids Oceanids (Daughters of Oceanus)asdasds   

Half-Siblings

Name Birth Death
Clymene aka. Klymene (Oceanid Nymph) (Oceanid Nymph)asdasds   

Children

Name Birth Death
Phoroneus (primordial king of Argos)asdasds   
Io (Demi - Mortal)asdasds   

Step-Children

Name Birth Death
Tenerus (son of Apollo)asdasds   
Ismenus (son of Apollo)asdasds   

Grand-Children

Name Birth Death
Epaphus aka. Apis (son of Zeus)asdasds   

Great-Grand-Children

Name Birth Death
Libya (daughter of Epaphus - King of Egypt)asdasds   

Great-Great-Grand-Children

Name Birth Death
Agenor (Phoenician king of Tyre)asdasds   
Belus (King of Egypt)asdasds   

Noah Moses

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