(Greek Name: Κουρητη Κουρητες) (Transliteration: Kourêtê, Kourêtes) (Latin Spelling: Curete, Curetes) (Translation: Youths (kouros).)
(Greek Name: Δακτυλος Δακτυλοι) (Transliteration: Daktylos, Daktyloi) (Latin Spelling: Dactylus, Dactyli) (Translation:Fingers (daktylos). )
THE KOURETES DAKTYLOIhttp://www.theoi.com/Georgikos/Kouretes.html (Curetes, Dactyls) were three, five, or nine rustic daimones (spirits) appointed by Rhea to guard the infant god Zeus in a cave on Mount Ida in Krete (Crete). To keep the boy hidden from his cannibalistic father Kronos (Cronus), they drowned out his cries with a frenzied dance of clashing spear and shield. The Kouretes were gods of the wild mountainside, inventors of the rustic arts of metalworking, shepherding, hunting and beekeeping. They were also the first armoured warriors and gods of the orgiastic war-dance performed by the youths of Krete (Crete) and Euboia (Euboea).
The five Daktyloi (Dactyls) (“fingers”) were usually regarded as identical to the Kouretes. These also had an equal number of sisters named Hekaterides (Hecaterides), who together appeared to have represented all ten fingers of the human hand–daktyloi being the Greek word for “fingers”. The male and female Daktyloi were also joined in marriage, perhaps imagined as a harmonious “finger to finger” folding of the hands, and from this union were born the rustic Satyroi (Satyrs), Oreiades (Oreads) and tribes of Kouretes (Curetes) (the first Kretan men). These younger Kouretes were hundred in number, they married their sister Meliai (Meliae) (Ash-Tree Nymphs) and from their branches fashioned the first spears.
The Kouretes were closely identified with, if not the same as, a number of other rustic daimones–namely, the Korybantes Euboioi (Euboean Corybantes), the Korybantes Samothrakioi (Samothracian Corybantes), the Kabeiroi (Cabeiri), as well as Hoplodamos and his Gigantes, and the Kourete Anytos (Curete Anytus).
One of the Kouretes, Pyrrhikhos (Pyrrhichus), was sometimes identified with Seilenos (Silenus), the elderly satyr companion of Dionysos. Another, Melisseus, appears to be have been connected with Aristaios (Aristaeus), discoverer of honey.
The Daktyloi (Dactyls) were occasionally identified with the Telkhines (Telchines) of Rhodes. Nonnus in his Dionysiaca lists two of the Telkhines Damnameneus and Skelmis, which are names applied to Daktyloi by Hesiod.
PARENTS OF DAKTYLOI[1.1] GAIA (Dionysiaca 14.23)
[2.1] HEKATEROS (Homerica Fragments, Strabo 10.3.7)
[2.2] ANKHIALE (Argonautica 1.1122)
[2.3] HEKATEROS & ANKHIALE ?
PARENTS OF KOURETES[1.1] Blood of OURANOS & GAIA ? (Theogony 176, Bacchylides Frag 52)
[1.2] Shower of Rain & GAIA (Metamorphoses 4.282)
[1.3] GAIA (Greek Lyric V Anonymous Frag 985, Strabo 10.3.9, Diodorus Siculus 5.65.1, Dionysiaca 13.135 & 14.23)
[2.1] THE HEKATERIDES (Homerica Fragments)
[2.2] THE DAKTYLOI x5 & THE HEKATERIDES x5 (Strabo 10.3.19-22)
[2.3] THE DAKTYLOI x5 (Diodorus Siculus 5.65.1)
[3.1] KRONOS (Strabo 10.3.19)
NAMES OF KOURETES & DAKTYLOI[1.1] KELMIS, DAMNAMENEUS, DELAS, SKYTHES (Hesiod Idaean Dactyls Frag 1)
[1.2] KELMIS, DAMNAMENEUS (Strabo 10.3.22)
[1.3] SKELMIS (Callimachus Frag 105)
[1.4] KELMIS (Ovid Metamorphoses 4.281)
[1.5] SKELMIS, DAMNAMENEUS, LYKOS (Dionysiaca 14.36)
[2.1] MELISSEUS (Apollodorus 1.4-5, Diodorus Siculus 5.60.2, Hyginus Astronomica 2.13)
[2.2] MELISSEUS, DAMNEUS, IDAIOS, PRYMNEUS, MIMAS, AKMON, OKYTHOOS (Dionysiaca 13.135 & 14.23)
[3.1] PYRRHIKHOS (Pausanias 3.25.2)
[3.2] PYRRHIKHOS, IDAIOS, KYRBAS (Dionysiaca 14.23)
[4.1] TITIAS, KYLLENOS [these may be Kabeiroi] (Argonautica 1.1122)
[5.1] HERAKLES (Strabo 10.3.30, Diodorus Siculus 5.64.3)
[5.2] HERAKLES, PAIONAIOS, IASIOS, IDAS (Pausanias 5.7.6)
OFFSPRING OF DAKTYLOI
OFFSPRING OF KOURETES[1.1] THE DAKTYLOI (Men) x100 (Strabo 10.3.22)
*The Daimones Daktyloi-Kouretes Daimones fathered the first one hundred men of Krete. The names used to describe fathers and sons were frequently interchanged, some accounts say the Kourete-Daimones fathered the Daktyl-Men, others that the Daktylos-Daimones fathered the Kourete-Men.
However the general understanding was that the Daimones (called Daktyloi and Kouretes), fathered an early race of men (also called Daktyloi and Kouretes). These might have been the Silver Race of Men described by Hesiod.
|Name||Curetes (the) Shield-clashing daemones|