accounts of end times. A.E.T.
Hindu eschatology Outline
Hindus have a cyclic understanding of external history/internal spirituality.1)Hidden Bible Taboos Forbidden By Organized Christianity By James Slobodzien
The Cycle or “Kalpa”, lasting 4,320 million years in the terms of orthodox Hindus, illustrates the pattern of decline in the state of nature and civilization between periods of timelessness when Brahma (Creator aspect of mind/spirit) regenerates the world of existence/reality.
There are four yugs or ages in this process from completely pure to completely impure.
The final is Kali Yuga or the Iron Age where civilization becomes spiritually degraded, human lives are shortened by violence and disease and there is a general state of decay in nature.
This is the worst period before complete destruction which is then followed by a Golden Age.
Hindu traditional prophecies, as described in the Puranas and several other texts, say that the world shall fall into chaos and degradation. There will then be a rapid influx of perversity, greed and conflict, and this state has been described as:
“Yada Yada Hi Dharmasya Glanir Bhavati Bharata, Abhyuthanam Adharmasya Tadatmanam Srijami Aham“. Bhagavad Gita (Chapter IV-7)
“Whenever there is decay of righteousness O! Bharatha And a rise of unrighteousness then I manifest Myself!“
Thus whenever there is intolerable evil and chaos in the world, there is an appearance of an avatar.
In the current yuga, known as the Kali (the most evil) yuga, “The Lord shall manifest Himself as the Kalki Avatar… He will establish righteousness upon the earth and the minds of the people will become as pure as crystal.“
In Hinduism, there is no eternal damnation of souls.
There is no end times as well.
After this evil Kali yuga ends, the next yuga or epoch would be Satya yuga where everyone will be righteous, followed by Treta yuga,Dwapara yuga and then another Kali Yuga.
Thus time is cyclical and the epochs keep repeating infinitely.
However, the extent of tolerable evil and degradation in each epoch is different and therefore the threshold that is necessary for the manifestation of God’s incarnation is different for each yuga.
The current yuga is the most evil and so the threshold for the appearance of the avatar is so high that the world needs to degrade to the maximum levels.
The Four Yugas2)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu_eschatology
Satya Yuga lasts 1.728 million years.
Treta Yuga lasts 1.296 million years.
Dvapara Yuga lasts 864,000 years.
Kali Yuga lasts 432,000 years.
Hindu Reincarnation & Eschatology3)http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Eschatology#Hindu_eschatology
Based on a cyclical perception of time, some cultures, like India, also affirm an individual spiritual life, but minimize its existence after death through the doctrine of reincarnation, where the spirit enters another physical body immediately after death. This transmigration of the spirit (metempsychosis) follows a strict law of moral justice known as Karma in which one’s actions in this earthly life determine the quality of rebirth in future lives.
In order to receive a good Karma, Hindu devotees need to follow the path of dharma, one’s religious and social duties that are rooted in righteousness and faith.
However, when compromising the path of dharma through self centered thoughts and actions, human beings enter a state of bad Karma that can only be removed by means of being reborn into a lower life (that could be a lower caste or even a form of animal life).
The resulting ongoing circle of births and deaths (samsara) perpetuates a state of suffering and ultimately appears as an evil from which human beings seek deliverance (moksha) in order to enter a state of absolute bliss and enlightenment (Nirvana).
Hindu cosmic eschatology5)http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Eschatology#Hindu_eschatology
In Hinduism, cosmic eschatology is also understood within the framework of a cyclical perception of time. The Purana writings (recalling old tales about the Vedic period) mention cycles of creation and destruction within each of the “days” (kalpa) of the creator god Brahma that extend over a time span of over 4.3 billion earthly years. That is to say, during each of these kalpa “days” Brahma brings forth the entire universe (creation) and withdraws it into himself (destruction), thus implying a periodic recreation of the world with a new “Manu” or primeval man.
Within the vision of a universal destiny for humankind, the notion of a Golden Age (krta yuga), extends for a time period of about 1.7 million earthly years starting in the far distant future with the arrival of the Kalki Avatar, the one of divine descent. “The Lord shall manifest Himself as the Kalki Avatar…He will establish righteousness upon the earth and the minds of the people will become as pure as crystal…As a result, the Sat or Krta Yuga (golden age) will be established.“
By contrast, the present age, the Kali Yuga, is the worst of all possible ages, “When deceit falsehood, lethargy, sleepiness, violence, despondency, grief, delusion, fear, and poverty prevail … when men, filled with conceit, consider themselves equal with the Brahmins.” The Kali Yuga began around 3000 B.C.E. and will last another 429 000 earthly years within the previously mentioned cyclical conception of time.
Universal eschatology in Hinduism6)https://www.britannica.com/topic/eschatology
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