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The Great Qumran Isaiah Scroll
For the line by line translation of this page click here
This is the eighth strip of leather to be added to the scroll and this one has the distinction of being the shortest thus far and contains only two pages rather than the usual 3 or 4 pages. All the leather is in good condition on this page but the stitching appears to be a resewing which was more clumsily done than the original. The red marks are my own editorial marks and I apologize for misplacing some of them which you will no doubt find.
PARAGRAPHS AND SPATIUMS:
Paragraphs end on
• Line 3 (Chapter 31 vs.06).
• Line 8 ends Chapter 31).
• Line 18 ends (Chapter 32 vs.08).
• Line 30 is the end of (Chapter 32 vs.19).
A new paragraph is indicated for (Chapter 32 vs.20) indicating that chapter 33 begins in Q with (Chapter 32 vs.20) and not (Chapter 33 vs.01)
There is only one spatium to mark the beginning of (Chapter 32 vs.05) in line 13..
There are smudges that could be finger prints made by a careless editor. In lines 12 – 14 at the right some words appear in darker ink and what appears to be finger print smudges in the space between the lines. A similar smudge on darkened letters is in line 27 where a possible fingerprint also appears. There is what seems to be an unmistakable finger print on page 44 where there are links to other pages with finger prints on them.
There are editorial marks in the right margin. (Chapter 32 vs.01-08) is marked as an important section by two X’s in the margin. A line is drawn under the 1st word of line 31 which is a paragraph beginning noted above in (Chapter 32 vs.20). Two alephs have been added by an editor to correct spelling. These are in lines 6: 2nd word; and line 19: 2nd word.
VARIATIONS IN Q FROM THE MASORETIC TEXT:
(Between 3rd and 4th words.) Q ends verse 5 after the 3rd word and the next word (4th) is the first word of verse 6.
(3rd word.) Q = ve-haphliyt M = ve-himliyt” (he will preserve it.)
(6th word.) Q = a redundant word repeating word 5 already written .
(2nd word.) In Q this is an example of a mistake more likely made by one listening to a reader. Earlier examples have been given that indicate copying from a manuscript. The two words “lo” ‘ and ” ‘adam” are run together as “lo’adam” in Q and an editor has added the missing aleph above the line.
(1st word.) Q spells “kemachbeh” (final he) and M = “kemachbe’ ” (final aleph).
(3rd word.) Q = “vesetherim” There are several dots by the mem indicating an editor marked it as a mistake and M = “vesether.” See use of dots in the introduction for more on dots as corrections.
(8th word.) Q = “be-tse:l” (in the shadow of) and M = “ke-tse:l” (as the shadow of).
(8th word A different reading.) Q = “chashav” (think or account) and M = “y’aseh” (he will do) Thus Q = “in his heart he will think iniquity” and M = “in his heart he will work iniquity.” The meaning is the same but the reading differs.
(4th word.) Addition of conj. “ve” in Q changes the reading of the sentence. Q = ve-hu’ ” and M = “hu’ “. M makes the pronoun the subject of the 1st verb and Q makes it the subject of the 2nd verb.
(8th word.) M has a qere for kithuv and Q agrees with Qere ” ‘aniyiym” rather than ” ‘anoviym.”
(3rd word.) Q = plural ” ‘ebyoniym” and M = singular ” ‘ebyon.”
(2nd word.) an editor corrected an elided aleph above the line. This word is spelled correctly in line 21: 4th word just two lines down. and again in line 30: 3rd word.
(5th word.) Q has an article on this word not in M.
(1st word.) Q = a final yod is missing from the negative “be-liy”
(Line 21 and 22.)
(The last four words of verse 11.) in Q are much different than those corresponding in M. The M reading is ve’orah va-chagorah ‘al chalatsayim (“and be nude and put a girdle on your loins”) The Q reading for the same is “ve-‘oru chagarnah ve-saphadnah ‘al ha-chalatsiym.” (“and be nude and put a girdle and a sign of mourning on your loins”) Q has fem pl and M = fem sing but Q “saphadnah” has no counterpart in M. “Saphad” means a “wailing” so here probably means a piece of sackcloth attatched as a loin cloth to a girdle as a sign of mourning. Perhaps the Q scribe wanted to show that the girdle included sufficient material for modesty.
(Last word.) Q = “chemdah” and M = “chemed.”
(Last word.) Q = adds prep. lamed to ” ‘adariym” not in M.
(Next to last word.) M has a qere for kithuv. Kithuv = “ve-carmel” and Qere = “ve-ha-carmel” Q = agrees with kithuv (no article).
(6th word.) Q = “carmel” and M = “be-carmel.”
(3rd word.) Q = “le-shalom” and M = “shalom.”
(Last word.) Q = “ha-ya’ar” (the forest) and M = “ha- ‘iyr” (the city).
(1st word.) Q = suf. 2mpl “kemah” and M = “kem.”
(Last word on page.) Q has a double kaf, not in M.
Original Source: Ch 31:05 to 33:01