3 Maccabees Chapter 10


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P. 188 – 192 Book 3 B.C. 165 [PDF: 238/242 of P.524]

CHAPTER 10

(i) Judas purifies the temple. His valiant acts.

1 Now Maccabaeus and his company, the Lord guiding them, recovered the temple and the city ; but the altars which the heathen 2 had built in the open street, and also the chapels, they pulled down. And having cleansed the temple, 3 they made another altar ; and striking stones they took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice after two years[1]P. 188 Foot Note a. Surely we ought to read three instead of two; for so the history requires. Compare 2 Mace. iv. 52, 53; and Josephus. Grotius sanctions this correction ; and he is supported … Continue reading, and set forth incense, and lights, and shew-bread. When that was done, they fell 4 flat down, and besought the Lord that they might come no more into such troubles ; but if they sinned any more against him, that he himself would chasten[2]P. 188 Foot Note b. Compare David’s petition to the same effect, after he had been betrayed into the folly of numbering Israel and Judah, as recorded at 2 Samuel xxiv. 14. See also 1 Mace. … Continue reading them with mercy; and that they might not be delivered unto the blasphemous and barbarous nations. Now upon the same day that 5 the temple had been profaned by strangers, it happened that on the same day the purification of it took place ; even the five and twentieth day of the same month, which is Casleu. And they 6 kept eight days with gladness, as in the feast of p. 189 the tabernacles ; remembering that not long afore they had holden[3]P. 189 Foot Note c. The sense is rather, that they had passed the day of that feast in wandering like beasts over the mountains; instead of being able to keep it with clue solemnity, and … Continue reading the feast of the tabernacles, when as they wandered in the mountains and dens like 7 wild beasts. Therefore they bare branches, and fair boughs, and palms also; and sang psalms unto Him who had given them good success in cleansing 8 his place. They ordained also, by a common statute and decree, That every year those days should be kept by the whole nation of the Jews. 9 And this was the end of Antiochus called Epiphanes.

10 But now will we declare the acts of Antiochus Eupator, who was the son of this wicked man [B.C 164.] ; collecting briefly the calamities of the 11 wars. For when he was come to the crown, he set one Lysias over the affairs of his realm ; and appointed him chief governor of Coelosyria and 12 Phœnice. For Ptolemaeus, who was called Macron[4]P. 189 Foot Note d. The same who is mentioned above, at ch. iv. 45 and viii. 8 ; as being the son of Dorymenes., chusing rather to do justice unto the Jews, for the wrong which had been done unto them, 13 endeavoured to continue peace with them. Whereupon being accused by the king’s friends before Eupator, and called traitor every where, because he had left Cyprus, which Philometor had committed unto him, and departed to Antiochus Epiphanes ; and seeing that he was in no honourable place[5]P. 190 Foot Note e. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge], he was so discouraged, that he poisoned himself, and died.

p. 190 14 But when Gorgias was made governor of the strong holds, he hired soldiers, and nourished war continually with the Jews : and there withal the 15 Idumæans, having gotten into their hands the most commodious fortresses, kept the Jews occupied; and receiving those who were banished from Jerusalem, they went about to nourish war. Then 16 they which were with Maccabaeus made supplication, and besought God that he would be their helper ; and so they ran with violence upon the strong holds[6]P. 190 Foot Note f. Namely Acrabaltine ; as related at 2 Mace, v. 3. of the Idumæans: and assaulting 17 them valiantly, they won the holds ; and kept off all who fought upon the wall, and slew all who fell into their hands, and killed no fewer than twenty thousand. And because certain (no fewer 18 than nine thousand) were fled together into two very strong castles, having all manner of things convenient to sustain the siege; Maccabaeus left 19 Simon and Joseph, and Zacchæus also, and them which were with him, who were enough to besiege them; and departed himself unto those places which more needed his help. Now Simon and his 20 company being led with covetousness, were persuaded for money, (through certain of those who were in the castle,) and took seventy thousand drachms, and let some of them escape. But when 21 it was told Maccabæus what was done, he called the governors of the people together; and accused those men, that they had sold their brethren for money, and set their enemies free to fight against them. So he slew those who were found traitors, 22 and immediately took the two castles. p. 191 And 23 having good success with his weapons in all things he took in hand, he slew in the two strong holds more than twenty thousand.

24 Now Timotheus, whom the Jews had overcome[7]P. 191 Foot Note g. Compare 2 Mace. v. 6, 7. before ; when he had gathered a great multitude of foreign forces, and horses out of Asia not a few, came as though he would take Judaea by force of 25 arms. But when he drew near, Maccabaeus and his company turned themselves to pray unto God, and sprinkled earth upon their heads, and girded 26 their loins with sackcloth ; and fell down at the foot of the altar, and besought him to be merciful to them, and to be an enemy to their enemies, and an adversary to their adversaries, as the law 27 declareth[8]P. 191 Foot Note h. Viz. at Deut. xxviii. 7; ” The Lord shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face : they shall come out against thee one way, and … Continue reading. So after the prayer, they took their weapons, and went on further from the city : and when they drew near to their enemies, they kept 28 by themselves. Now the sun being newly risen, they joined both together ; the one part having together with their virtue their refuge also unto the Lord, for a pledge of success and victory: the other side making their courage leader of their 29 battle. But when the battle waxed strong, there appeared unto the enemies from heaven five comely men upon horses, with bridles of gold ; 30 and two of them led the Jews, and took Maccabaeus betwixt them, and covered him on every side with their complete armour, and kept him safe; but shot arrows and lightnings against the enemies : so that being confounded with blindness, p. 192 and filled with confusion, they were cut to pieces. And there were slain of footmen twenty thousand 31 and five hundred, and six hundred horsemen.

32 As for Timotheus himself, he fled into the hold called Gazara[9]P. 192 Foot Note i. See 2 Mace. v. 8 ; vii. 45., a very strong garrison, of which Gazara was governor. But Maccabaeus and his 33 company laid siege against the fortress courageously four days. And they which were within, 34 trusting to the strength of the place, blasphemed exceedingly, and uttered wicked words. 35 Nevertheless, upon the fifth day early twenty young men of Maccabaeus’ company, inflamed with anger because of the blasphemies, assaulted the wall manfully, and with a fierce courage killed all whom they met withal. Others likewise ascending 36 after them, whiles they were busied with them which were within, burnt the towers, and kindling fires, burnt the blasphemers alive ; and others broke open the gates, and having received in the rest of the army, took the city: and killed 37 Timotheus, who was hid in a certain pit, and Chæreas his brother, with Apollophanes. When this was 38 done, they praised the Lord with psalms and thanksgiving, who had done so great things for Israel, and given them the victory.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References

References
1 P. 188 Foot Note a. Surely we ought to read three instead of two; for so the history requires. Compare 2 Mace. iv. 52, 53; and Josephus. Grotius sanctions this correction ; and he is supported by one Greek MS.
2 P. 188 Foot Note b. Compare David’s petition to the same effect, after he had been betrayed into the folly of numbering Israel and Judah, as recorded at 2 Samuel xxiv. 14. See also 1 Mace. ii. 17- vi. 10.
3 P. 189 Foot Note c. The sense is rather, that they had passed the day of that feast in wandering like beasts over the mountains; instead of being able to keep it with clue solemnity, and in peace.
4 P. 189 Foot Note d. The same who is mentioned above, at ch. iv. 45 and viii. 8 ; as being the son of Dorymenes.
5 P. 190 Foot Note e. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge]
6 P. 190 Foot Note f. Namely Acrabaltine ; as related at 2 Mace, v. 3.
7 P. 191 Foot Note g. Compare 2 Mace. v. 6, 7.
8 P. 191 Foot Note h. Viz. at Deut. xxviii. 7; ” The Lord shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face : they shall come out against thee one way, and thee before thee seven ways.”
9 P. 192 Foot Note i. See 2 Mace. v. 8 ; vii. 45.

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