4 Maccabees Chapter 12 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


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P. 255 – 257 Book 4 B.C. 167 [PDF: 305/307 of p.524]

CHAPTER 12

(i) The speech, and death, of the seventh brother. 

1 And when he also, having been thrown into a caldron, had died blessedly, the seventh came 2 forward, the youngest of all : whom the tyrant commiserating, although he had been sorely put to shame by his brethren ; seeing him already bound in chains, he sent for him to come nearer, 3 and endeavoured to advise him, saying : ” You see now the result of your brethren’s folly ; for through disobedience they have been racked and are dead : and you yourself, unless you obey, shall, after horrible tortures, die forthwith before your time[1]P. 256 Foot Note a. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] or it may mean, ” within this very ” hour.”. But, if you will be 4 persuaded, you shall be our friend, and shall take a lead in the affairs of the kingdom.”

5 And having thus exhorted him, he sent for the boy’s mother ; that having condoled with her on the loss of so many sons, he might rouse her to save one[2]P. 256 Foot Note b. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge]. at least, by making this surviving one obedient. But he, after that his mother had 6 exhorted him in the Hebrew tongue, (as we shall relate in a short time) said ; ” Let me go, that I may speak to the king and to all his friends with him.” And they, the king and his friends, 7 rejoicing exceedingly at the youth’s announcement, quickly set him free. And he, running 8 close up to the frying-pans, said : ” Unholy tyrant, 9 most impious of all wicked wretches ! are you not ashamed, having received from God worldly good things and a kingdom, to slay his servants, and to rack those who practise piety ? For 10 which things, the Divine vengeance is keeping you in store for a more intense and eternal fire and torments, which shall not cease from you for ever. Were you not ashamed, O most 11 savage wretch, being a man yourself, to cut out the tongues of men formed with like passions[3]P. 256 Foot Note c. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] ; the expression used to the men of Lystra by St. Paul : see Acts xiv. 15., p. 257 and composed of the same elements[4]P. 257 Foot Note d. So at Acts xvii. 26, St. Paul declares, that God ” hath made of one blood all nations of the earth.” ; and shamefully to misuse and torment them in this 12 manner? They, however, having died nobly, 13 have fulfilled their piety towards God. But you, wretch, shall miserably suffer[5]P. 257 Foot Note e. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] a phrase sufficiently familiar to the readers of the Greek dramatic poets., for having slain without cause the champions of virtue. 14 Wherefore I, (continued he,) being myself about to die, do not desert the testimony[6]P. 257 Foot Note f. The Greek text varies, between Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] and Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] as, ” noble conduct.” of my 15 brethren. [And I invoke the God of my fathers, that He will be merciful to my family. But you He will punish, both in this life and after death[7]P. 257 Foot Note g. This verse is omitted by Josephus..”]

16 And having prayed thus against the tyrant, he threw himself into the frying-pans, and so expired.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References

References
1 P. 256 Foot Note a. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] or it may mean, ” within this very ” hour.”
2 P. 256 Foot Note b. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge].
3 P. 256 Foot Note c. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] ; the expression used to the men of Lystra by St. Paul : see Acts xiv. 15.
4 P. 257 Foot Note d. So at Acts xvii. 26, St. Paul declares, that God ” hath made of one blood all nations of the earth.”
5 P. 257 Foot Note e. Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] a phrase sufficiently familiar to the readers of the Greek dramatic poets.
6 P. 257 Foot Note f. The Greek text varies, between Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] and Gr. [ click on image to enlarge] as, ” noble conduct.”
7 P. 257 Foot Note g. This verse is omitted by Josephus.

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