5 Maccabees Chapter 19 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 327 – 328 Book 5 B.C. 144 [PDF: 377/378 of p.524]

CHAPTER 19.1)Foot Note p. 327 a. Compare 2 Mace, xiii xvi. Joseph. Antiq. XIII. 11-14.

(i) The history of Simeon the son of Mattathias

1 Then Simeon the son of Mattathias succeeded to the government ; and he gathered together all those who remained of the army [B.C. 144] 2 of Judas : and his affairs prospered, and he subdued all those who had exercised hostility against the Jews after the death of his brother Judas; and he behaved well towards his people, and the matters of his country were rightly ordered.

3 Wherefore Antiochus2)Foot Note p. 327 b. Simon was first attacked by Tryphon ; and subsequently by Cendebaeus under orders from Antiochus. attacked him, and also Demetrius the son of Seleucus ; and sent a great 4 army against him : to meet which, Simeon and his two sons went out ; and he divided his army into two parts, one of which he kept with himself, 5 and gave the other to his sons. Then he and they which were with him went to the army ; and he sent his two sons and their followers by another way, and appointed with them to attack the army 6 at a given time. After this, he met the army of Antiochus, and attacked it, and began to prevail against it : and his two sons came when the battle had now begun, and the fight grew fierce, and they 7 came round the rear of the army. And Antiochus’ army, being placed between two armies, was cut to pieces, nor did a single man of them escape: nor did Antiochus return any more to fight with p. 328 Simeon. And peace and quietness continued 8 among the Jews all the days of Simeon. And the time of his government was two years3)Foot Note p. 328 c. Instead of this, we rather ought to read nine years, namely, from 144 to 135 B. C.. Then 9 Ptolemy his son-in-law rushed on him, and slew him, at a certain feast4)Foot Note p. 328 d. Namely, at the castle of Docus near Jericho, as related at 2 Maec. xvi. 15. where he was present. And he seized his wife and his two sons. And Simeon’s son, whose name was Hyrcanus, was set in his father’s place. 

[Here ends the history as given in the two books usually attached to our Bibles.]


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot Note p. 327 a. Compare 2 Mace, xiii xvi. Joseph. Antiq. XIII. 11-14.
2. Foot Note p. 327 b. Simon was first attacked by Tryphon ; and subsequently by Cendebaeus under orders from Antiochus.
3. Foot Note p. 328 c. Instead of this, we rather ought to read nine years, namely, from 144 to 135 B. C.
4. Foot Note p. 328 d. Namely, at the castle of Docus near Jericho, as related at 2 Maec. xvi. 15.

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