5 Maccabees Chapter 43 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 382 – 383 Book 5 B.C. 47 [PDF: 432/433 of p.524]

CHAPTER 43.1)Foot note p. 382 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 15. Bell. I. 8.

(i) The account of the coming of’ Antigonus the son of Aristobulus unto Caesar, complaining of Antipater who had caused his father’s death.

1 But Antigonus the son of Aristobulus came to Caesar, [B.C. 47.] and related to him the expedition of Aristobulus his father to attack Pompey, and how obedient and obsequious he was to him. Then he told him that Hyrcanus and 2 Antipater had secretly sent a man to his father to destroy him by poison2)Foot note p. 382 b. According to that which is stated above, at chap. xl. 7—10., intending (said he) to assist Pompey against your friends. Caesar therefore sent to Antipater, and 3 questioned him on this matter; to whom Antipater replied ; “Certainly I did obey Pompey, because 4 then he was the ruling person, and conferred benefits on me ; but I did not now fight with the Egyptians for the sake of Pompey, who is already dead ; nor did I go through difficulties 5 in defeating them and reducing them to obedience to Pompey ; but I did this out of duty to Caesar, and that I might reduce them to 6 obedience to him.” Then Antipater uncovered his head and his hands, and said ; “These wounds, which are on my head and body, testify that my affection and obedience to Caesar are greater than my affection and obedience to Pompey; 7 for I did not expose myself in the days of Pompey, to the things to which I have exposed 8 myself in the days of king Caesar.” And Caesar said to him, “Peace be to thee, and to all thy friends, O bravest of the Jews : for thou hast truly shewn this fortitude, magnanimity, obedience, and affection towards us.” 9 And from that time Caesar increased in affection towards Antipater, and advanced him above all his friends, and promoted him to be general of his armies, and took him with him into the 10 country of the Persians : and he saw from his bravery and his successful exploits, that he more and more excited in him a longing and affection for him : 11 at length he brought him back into the land of Judah, covered with honours and crowned with a post of authority3)Foot note p. 383 c. It appears that Caesar confirmed Hyrcanus in the high-priesthood; but committed really the chief civil power to the hands of Antipater, creating him procurator or governor of Judaea.12 And Caesar marched to Rome, having settled the affairs of Hyrcanus4)Foot note p. 383 d. Caesar ordained that Hyrcanus and his descendants should perpetually retain the principality  and high-priesthood of the Jews, according to the ancient usage of the country. ; who built the walls of the Holy City, and conducted himself towards the 13 people in a most excellent manner : for he was a good man, endued with virtues, of irreproachable life, but his inability in wars was notorious to all men.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 382 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 15. Bell. I. 8.
2. Foot note p. 382 b. According to that which is stated above, at chap. xl. 7—10.
3. Foot note p. 383 c. It appears that Caesar confirmed Hyrcanus in the high-priesthood; but committed really the chief civil power to the hands of Antipater, creating him procurator or governor of Judaea.
4. Foot note p. 383 d. Caesar ordained that Hyrcanus and his descendants should perpetually retain the principality  and high-priesthood of the Jews, according to the ancient usage of the country.

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