5 Maccabees Chapter 40 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 374 – 376 Book 5 B.C. 56 [PDF: 424/426 of p.524]

CHAPTER 40.1)Foot note p. 374 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 11. Bell. I. 6, 7.

(i) The history of the flight of Aristobulus and his son Antigonus from Rome, and their return into the land of Judah: also, an account of the death of Aristobulus.

1 Then Aristobulus devised plans, till he had sueceeded in escaping from Rome with his son Antigonus, [B.C. 56.] and had arrived in the city of Judah. And when Aristobulus shewed himself in 2 public, a great multitude of men flocked round him; out of whom he selected eight thousand, and marched against Gabinius, and engaged him ; and there were slain of the Roman army a very great number : there fell also of his own men seven thousand, 3 p. 375 but one thousand escaped ; and the enemy’s army pursued him ; but he and they who were left to him ceased not to resist even till the total 4 destruction of his men; nor was there one left but he alone ; and he fought most furiously until he fell overpowered by wounds, and was taken and led to Gabinius ; who ordered him to be taken 5 care of until he was healed. Then he sent him in chains to Rome.

[And he remained shut up in prison until the reign of Caesar ; who brought2)Foot note p. 375 b. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 13. him out of prison, 6 and loaded him with gifts and favours ; and giving to him two generals and twelve thousand men, sent him into the land of Judah, [B. C. 49.] to detach the Jews from Pompey’s party, and bring them over to obey Caesar : for Pompey at that time was governor of the land of Egypt.

7 And the report of Aristobulus and his party reached Hyrcanus ; who was greatly afraid, and wrote to Antipater to avert his power from him 8 by his customary devices. So Antipater sent some of the chief men of Jerusalem, giving to one of them poison, charging him to administer it 9 craftily to Aristobulus. And they met him in the land of Syria, as though they were ambassadors to him from the Holy City : and he received them joyfully, and they did eat and drink with 10 him. And those men laid plots till they gave him the poison ; and he died, and was buried in 11 the land of Syria. Now the time of his reign3)Foot note p. 375 c. Compare Josephus : and see Ussher’s remark on the passage, in his Annals., until he was taken prisoner the first time, was p. 376 three years and a half; and he was a man of courage, weight, and excellent disposition.]

Now Gabinius had written to the senate, to 12 send away his two sons to their mother, since she had requested it ; which they did. But it came 13 to pass, that when Pompey had departed to a great distance from Jerusalem, they broke their engagement of obedience to the Romans : 14 wherefore Gabinius went against them, encountered them, and conquered them, and reduced them again to submission to the Romans.

In the mean time the land of Egypt rebelled 15  against Ptolemy4)Foot note p. 376 d. Namely, Ptolemy, surnamed Dionysius Novus. In opposition to him the Egyptians had chosen Archelaus to be their king., [B.C. 55.] and expelled him from his royal city, refusing to pay tribute to the Romans. Whereupon Ptolemy wrote to 16 Gabinius that he should come and help him against the Egyptians, that he might bring them again into subjection to the Romans. And Gabinius marched 17 out of the country of Syria, and wrote to Hyrcanus to meet him with an army, that they might go to Ptolemy. And Antipater went with a large 18 army to Gabinius, and met him at Damascus, congratulating with him on the victory which he had gained over the Persians5)Foot note p. 376 e. That is, Parthians, as before. : and Gabinius ordered 19 him to hasten to Ptolemy, which he did, and fought against the Egyptians, and slew of them a very great number. Afterwards Gabinius 20 coming up, replaced Ptolemy on his throne, and went back to the Holy City, and renewed Hyrcanus’ sovereignty, and returned to Rome.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 374 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 11. Bell. I. 6, 7.
2. Foot note p. 375 b. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 13.
3. Foot note p. 375 c. Compare Josephus : and see Ussher’s remark on the passage, in his Annals.
4. Foot note p. 376 d. Namely, Ptolemy, surnamed Dionysius Novus. In opposition to him the Egyptians had chosen Archelaus to be their king.
5. Foot note p. 376 e. That is, Parthians, as before.

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