5 Maccabees Chapter 39 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 373 – 374 Book 5 B.C. 57 [PDF: 423/424 of p.524]

CHAPTER 39.1)Foot note p. 373 a. Compare Joseph. Ant. XIV. 10. Bell. I. 6.

(i) The history of Gabinius and of’ Alexander the son of Aristobulus.

1 Now Gabinius2)Foot note p. 373 b. He was appointed governor of Syria by the Romans. had gone out from Rome, to dwell in the land of Syria, [B.C. 57.] to take care of  2 it ; and it was told him what Alexander the son of Aristobulus had done, by building up that which Pompey had pulled down, and by opposing his successor, and slaying his friends. 3 Wherefore he went straight until he came to Jerusalem ; and Hyrcanus and his party joined him. 4 Against whom Alexander went out with ten thousand foot and fifteen hundred horse, and encountered 5 them : and they routed him, and slew a certain number of his friends ; and he fled into a certain city in the land of Judah, called Alexandrium3)Foot note p. 373 c. Josephus describes this as an elegant fortress built on the summit of a steep hill, near to Coreae, on the northern border of Judaea. (Antiq. XIV. 6.)., in which he fortified himself with his 6 company. And Hyrcanus, and Gabinius, and their forces, marched against him and besieged 7 him. And Alexander went out against them, and engaged them, and slew great numbers of 8 their men. And Marcus4)Foot note p. 373 d. Namely, Mark Antony, the celebrated triumvir., who is called Antonius, marched against him, and forced him to flee again into Alexandrium.

9 And Alexander’s mother went out to Gabinius, deprecating his anger, and imploring him to grant 10 her son Alexander his life : to whom Gabinius p. 374 assented in this point ; and Alexander went out to him ; and Gabinius put him to death5)Foot note p. 374 e. Josephus, at this part of the history, takes no notice of Gabinius putting Alexander to death : and, some chapters later, alludes to the fact of his having been slain by order of Scipio.; and thought proper to divide the territories of Judah into five portions. One is, the country of 11 Jerusalem and the parts adjacent ; and over this part Hyrcanus was made governor. Another portion is Gadira6)Foot note p. 374 f. Or Gadara, a strong town on the eastern side of Jordan, the capital of Peraea. , and the places about it. The third is, 12 Jericho and the plains. The fourth is, Hamath7)Foot note p. 374 g. That is, Amathus, a city on the eastern side of Jordan, (Josephus.). in the land of Judah. And the fifth is, Sephoris8)Foot note p. 374 h. A large and considerable city, which for some time was considered the capital of Galilee, erected (says Josephus) in a position naturally very strong.. By these means he intended to remove wars and 13 seditions out of the land of Judah ; but they were by no means removed.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 373 a. Compare Joseph. Ant. XIV. 10. Bell. I. 6.
2. Foot note p. 373 b. He was appointed governor of Syria by the Romans.
3. Foot note p. 373 c. Josephus describes this as an elegant fortress built on the summit of a steep hill, near to Coreae, on the northern border of Judaea. (Antiq. XIV. 6.).
4. Foot note p. 373 d. Namely, Mark Antony, the celebrated triumvir.
5. Foot note p. 374 e. Josephus, at this part of the history, takes no notice of Gabinius putting Alexander to death : and, some chapters later, alludes to the fact of his having been slain by order of Scipio.
6. Foot note p. 374 f. Or Gadara, a strong town on the eastern side of Jordan, the capital of Peraea.
7. Foot note p. 374 g. That is, Amathus, a city on the eastern side of Jordan, (Josephus.).
8. Foot note p. 374 h. A large and considerable city, which for some time was considered the capital of Galilee, erected (says Josephus) in a position naturally very strong.

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