5 Maccabees Chapter 37 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 371 – 372 Book 5 B.C. 63 [PDF: 421/422 of p.524]

CHAPTER 37.1)Foot note p. 371 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 8. Bell. I. 5.

(i) The account of the appointment of ‘Hyrcanus the son of Alexander to be king of the Jews, and of the return to Rome of the general of the Roman army.

1 Having arranged these matters, Pompey appointed Hyrcanus to be king2)Foot note p. 371 b. Josephus only states that he appointed him high priest. In point of fact, the whole power was really lodged in the Roman governor of CoeloSyria, Scaurus.; and carried away 2 his brother Aristobulus in chains: he also ordered that the Jews should have no dominion3)Foot note p. 371 c. Josephus eloquently laments the evils which the unhappy quarrels of Aristobulus and Hyrcanus had brought and fixed upon their country: its labours wasted—its bounds curtailed—its power diminished-its treasures spoiled-its glory sunk—its sanctuary profaned-its liberty taken away-and itself reduced to the sad condition of a Roman province! over those nations who had been subdued by their 3 kings before his arrival ; and he exacted a tribute from the city of the Holy House ; and covenanted with Hyrcanus, that he should receive inauguration 4 from the Romans every year. And he departed4)Foot note p. 371 d. See a summary of the proceedings of Pompey at Jerusalem, as detailed by various heathen (not Jewish) authors, given in Ussher’s Annals, at the year 13. C. 63., taking with him Aristobulus, and two of his sons, and his daughters : and he had a son remaining, named Alexander, whom Pompey could not seize, p. 372 because he had fled. So Pompey placed in his 5 room in the city of the Holy House, Hyrcanus, and Antipater, and with them his own colleague Scaurus.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 371 a. Compare Joseph. Antiq. XIV. 8. Bell. I. 5.
2. Foot note p. 371 b. Josephus only states that he appointed him high priest. In point of fact, the whole power was really lodged in the Roman governor of CoeloSyria, Scaurus.
3. Foot note p. 371 c. Josephus eloquently laments the evils which the unhappy quarrels of Aristobulus and Hyrcanus had brought and fixed upon their country: its labours wasted—its bounds curtailed—its power diminished-its treasures spoiled-its glory sunk—its sanctuary profaned-its liberty taken away-and itself reduced to the sad condition of a Roman province!
4. Foot note p. 371 d. See a summary of the proceedings of Pompey at Jerusalem, as detailed by various heathen (not Jewish) authors, given in Ussher’s Annals, at the year 13. C. 63.

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