5 Maccabees Chapter 25 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 339 – 340 Book 5 B.C. 108 [PDF: 389/390 of p.524]

CHAPTER 25.1)Foot note p. 339 a. Compare Joseph us, Ant. XIII. 9 ; XVII. 3 ; XVIII. 2 ; and especially Bell. II. 7.

(i) An account of the Jewish sects at this time.

1 At that time there were three sects among the Jews. [B.C. 108] One, of the Pharisees, that is, ” the 2 ” separated,” or religious ; whose rule it was, to maintain whatever was contained in the law, according to the expositions of their 3 forefathers. The second, that of the Sadducees ; and these are followers of a certain man of the doctors, 4 by name Sadoc ; whose rule it was, to maintain according to the things found in the text of the law, and of which there is demonstration in the Scripture itself; but not that which is not extant 5 in the text, nor is proved from it. The third sect was that of the Hasdanim2)Foot note p. 339 b. Or Assidaeans, mentioned at 2 Mace. ii. 42 ; vii. 13 ; 3 Mace, xiv. 6. Some think them to be the same with the Essenes, described by Josephus (Bell. II. 7.) and by others ; for whose collected observations the reader is referred to Calmet’s Dictionary of the Bible. In the eighth volume of the Critici Sacri (edit. 1660) is a specific tract on the subject, by J. Drusius, which deserves to be consulted., or those who studied the virtues : but the author of this book3)Foot note p. 339 c. This expression is to be remarked, but I cannot furnish the solution. See it again at ch. xxv. 5 ; and at the close of the book, ch. lix. 96. did not make mention of their rule, nor do we know it except in so far as it is discovered by their 6 name : for they applied themselves to such practices as came near to the more eminent virtues ; namely, to select from those two other rules what p. 340 ever was most safe in belief, most sure and guarded.

7 Hyrcanus at first was one of the Pharisees ; afterwards he went over to the Sadducees ; 8 because that one of the Pharisees had said to him, it is not lawful for you to be high priest, because your mother was a captive before she bare you, in the days of Antiochus : but it becometh not that the son of a captive should be high priest. And this conversation took place in the presence 9 of the chief men of the Pharisees ; which was the cause of his going over to the rule of the Sadducees. Now the Sadducees were at enmity with 10 the Pharisees ; wherefore they kept up differences betwixt one another, and they prevailed on him so far, as to slay great numbers of the Pharisees. And the trouble came to such a height, that wars 11 and many evils continued among them for a great length of time.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 339 a. Compare Joseph us, Ant. XIII. 9 ; XVII. 3 ; XVIII. 2 ; and especially Bell. II. 7.
2. Foot note p. 339 b. Or Assidaeans, mentioned at 2 Mace. ii. 42 ; vii. 13 ; 3 Mace, xiv. 6. Some think them to be the same with the Essenes, described by Josephus (Bell. II. 7.) and by others ; for whose collected observations the reader is referred to Calmet’s Dictionary of the Bible. In the eighth volume of the Critici Sacri (edit. 1660) is a specific tract on the subject, by J. Drusius, which deserves to be consulted.
3. Foot note p. 339 c. This expression is to be remarked, but I cannot furnish the solution. See it again at ch. xxv. 5 ; and at the close of the book, ch. lix. 96.

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