5 Maccabees Chapter 23 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 336 – 338 Book 5 B.C. 126 [PDF: 386/388 of p.524]

CHAPTER 23.1)Foot note p. 336 a. Compare Josephus, Ant. tiochus Gryphus and Anti XIII. 18.

(i) The history of the wars of Hyrcanus with the Samaritans.

1 Now Hyrcanus marched to Sebaste, and besieged the Samaritans2)Foot note p. 336 b. They were subjects of Syria ; whose two princes, Antiochus Gryphus and Antiochus Cyzicenus, being engaged in continual quarrels with each other, gave Hyrcanus opportunity of revenging himself for some former injuries alleged to have been committed by the Samaritans upon the Jews. who were therein, for a p. 337 long time ; till he reduced them to such straits, that they were compelled to feed upon every 2 kind of dead carcass. [B.C. 111] Nevertheless they bore this patiently, fearing his sword, and trusting to the Macedonians and Egyptians, whose aid 3 they had implored. In the mean time comes on the great fast, at which Hyrcanus must be present in the Holy House, to offer sacrifices on that day. 4 Wherefore he substituted his two sons, Antigonus and Aristobulus, as commanders of the army; leaving them orders to besiege the Samaritans, 5 and reduce them to extremities. Likewise he commanded the army to obey his sons, and to execute their orders : and he departed to the city of the Holy House.

6 Moreover Antiochus3)Foot note p. 337 c. Namely, Antiochus IX, surnamed Cyzicenus. the Macedonian marched to help the inhabitants of Sebaste ; and tidings of it were brought to the two sons of Hyrcanus ; 7 who, having substituted a general to conduct the siege of Sebaste, went to meet Antiochus ; whom they encountered and routed, and returned to 8 Sebaste. There came likewise out of Egypt Lythras4)Foot note p. 337 d. That is, Ptolemy Lathyrus, the son of Ptolemy Physcon and Cleopatra : he began to reign, conjointly with his mother, in the year B.C. 116. He brought about 6000 soldiers with him, and began plundering several parts of  Judaea ; hoping thereby to draw off Hyrcanus from the siege., the son of queen Cleopatra, to help the 9 Samaritans. When news of this was brought to Hyrcanus, he went to meet him, the solemnity being now past : whom when he met, he p. 338 encountered most fiercely, and slew very many of his  men [B.C. 110] and Lythras was put to flight ; nor 10 did the Egyptians any more after this return to give assistance to the Samaritans. And 11 king Hyrcanus returned to Sebaste, and pressed sore on it, till he took it with the sword, and slew those of its citizens who were remaining, and utterly destroyed it, and pulled down its walls.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 336 a. Compare Josephus, Ant. tiochus Gryphus and Anti XIII. 18.
2. Foot note p. 336 b. They were subjects of Syria ; whose two princes, Antiochus Gryphus and Antiochus Cyzicenus, being engaged in continual quarrels with each other, gave Hyrcanus opportunity of revenging himself for some former injuries alleged to have been committed by the Samaritans upon the Jews.
3. Foot note p. 337 c. Namely, Antiochus IX, surnamed Cyzicenus.
4. Foot note p. 337 d. That is, Ptolemy Lathyrus, the son of Ptolemy Physcon and Cleopatra : he began to reign, conjointly with his mother, in the year B.C. 116. He brought about 6000 soldiers with him, and began plundering several parts of  Judaea ; hoping thereby to draw off Hyrcanus from the siege.

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