5 Maccabees Chapter 18 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 325 – 326 Book 5 B.C. 160 [PDF: 375/376 of p.524]

CHAPTER 18.1)Foot Note p. 325 a. Compare 2 Mace. ix. 28-72. See the acts of Jonathan detailed more at large at 2 Mace. ix. 28, to xii. and in Joseph. Antiq. XIII. 1—10.

(i) The history of Jonathan the son of’ Mattathias.

1 And Jonathan succeeded his brother, and he went to Jordan [B.C. 160] with a small number of men ; which when Bacchides heard of, he marched p. 326 to him with a large army. And when Jonathan 2 saw him, his men swam over Jordan ; and Bacchides and his army followed them, and surrounded them. But Jonathan rushed on 3 Bacchides ; and as the men gave way to Jonathan, he and his company went out from the midst of them, and departed to Beersheba2)Foot Note p. 326 b. Quaere whether we ought to read Bethbasi, as the place mentioned at 2 Mace. ix. 02 ? : and his 4 brother Simeon joined him, and they abode there; and they repaired whatever of the fortifications had fallen down, and they fortified themselves there.

But Bacchides marched to them, and besieged 5 [B.C. 158] them: and Jonathan and his brother, and, they which were with them, went out to him by night, and slew great numbers of his army, and burned the battering rams and engines of war; and 6 his army was dispersed, and Bacchides fled into the desert. And Jonathan and Simeon, and the men who were with him, pursued and took him. Who, 7 when he saw Jonathan, knew that his death was near : wherefore he proclaimed peace with Jonathan, and sware that he would never more make war upon him, and moreover, that he would restore the whole of the captives which he had taken of the army of Judas. And Jonathan gave 8 him his hand, and departed from him : nor after this was there any more war between them. And not long after this3)Foot Note p. 326 c. This is not expressed with suthcient accuracy ; nor indeed is the chronology satisfactorily settled. Jonathan is said to have lived thirteen or fourteen years after making peace with Bacchides, and to have been slain by Tryphon in the year B.C. 144. And p. 327 11, states that he ruled only four years ! Compare the account of his settlement of the affairs of Jerusalem for some years, at 2 Mace. ix. 73. to xii. 48. , Jonathan died, and his brother Simeon succeeded him.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot Note p. 325 a. Compare 2 Mace. ix. 28-72. See the acts of Jonathan detailed more at large at 2 Mace. ix. 28, to xii. and in Joseph. Antiq. XIII. 1—10.
2. Foot Note p. 326 b. Quaere whether we ought to read Bethbasi, as the place mentioned at 2 Mace. ix. 02 ?
3. Foot Note p. 326 c. This is not expressed with suthcient accuracy ; nor indeed is the chronology satisfactorily settled. Jonathan is said to have lived thirteen or fourteen years after making peace with Bacchides, and to have been slain by Tryphon in the year B.C. 144. And p. 327 11, states that he ruled only four years ! Compare the account of his settlement of the affairs of Jerusalem for some years, at 2 Mace. ix. 73. to xii. 48.

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