5 Maccabees Chapter 15 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 318 – 320 Book 5 B.C. 163 [PDF: 368/370 of p.524]

CHAPTER 15.1)Foot Note p. 318 a. Compare 2 Mace, vi ; 3 Mace, xiii; Joseph. Ant. XII. 14, 15; Bell. I. 1.

(i) An account of the dissolution of the treaty which Antiochus had made with Judas, and of his march (together with Lysias his cousins soil) with a great army, and of his wars.

1 But when word was brought to Antiochus Eupator that Judas’ affairs had gained strength, and what victories he had gained, he was very angry; and broke the treaty which he had made 2 with Judas, and collected a large army, in which were twenty-two elephants: and he marched with 3 Lysias his cousin’s son into the country of Judah, directing his course to the city Beth-ner2)Foot Note p. 318 b. See above, ch. xi. 3, 9. There can be no doubt that the place meant is Bethsura, as in the corresponding passages of the second and third books., before which he pitched his camp, and besieged it. Now 4 when this was reported to Judas, he and all the elders of the children of Israel met together, and prayed to the great and good God, offering many sacrifices ; which being finished, Judas proceeded 5 with the leaders of his forces, and came into the camp by night, and made a sudden attack upon it, and slew of the enemy four thousand men and one of the elephants : and he returned to his own camp until the dawn of day should begin to break. Then each army was drawn out, and the battle 6 grew fierce between them. And Judas perceived 7 one of the elephants with golden trappings, and he supposed that the king was sitting upon him : so he called his men, and said to them, Which of p. 319 8 you will go out and kill this elephant ? And a young man, one of his servants3)Foot Note p. 319 c. This appears to be erroneous, as from all other accounts we are informed that this exploit was performed by his own brother, Eleazar, surnamed Avaran., who was called Eleazar, went out and rushed upon the enemy’s line, slaying on the right and left, so that the men 9 turned aside out of his view ; and he went forward until he came even to the elephant ; and creeping under him, he cut open his belly ; and the elephant fell down upon him, and he died. So the king perceiving this, commanded to sound 10 a retreat ; and it was done. And the amount of men of the higher rank slain that day in the battle was eight hundred men, besides those of the common men who were slain, and those who had been killed during the night.

11 Then it was told the king, that a certain man of his friends named Philip4)Foot Note p. 319 d. Compare the account given of this Philip and his connexion with the king, at 2 Mace. vi. 14 and 55 ; and 3 Mace. ix. 29. had revolted from him : and that Demetrius5)Foot Note p. 319 e. For particulars concerning him, see 2 Mace. vii. 1, and the note there. the son of Seleucus had gone forth from Rome with a great army of Romans, intending to take the kingdom out of his 12 hand. At which being much affrighted, he sent to Judas concerning making peace between them : to which Judas assented ; and Antiochus and Lysias his cousin’s son sware to him, that they 13 would never more make war upon him. And the king displayed a large sum of money, and gave it 14 to Judas for a present to the house of God. The king also commanded Menelaus to be seized, one p. 320 of the three6)Foot Note p. 320 f. See above, ch. iii. 0. The particulars of his death are related more at large at 3 Mace. xiii. 3—8. wicked men who had brought evil on the Jews in the days of Antiochus his father ; and he ordered him to be carried up to a lofty tower, and to be thrown headlong thence ; which was done. For by this the king designed to 15 gratify the Jews, since this man was one of their chief enemies, and had slain great numbers of them.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot Note p. 318 a. Compare 2 Mace, vi ; 3 Mace, xiii; Joseph. Ant. XII. 14, 15; Bell. I. 1.
2. Foot Note p. 318 b. See above, ch. xi. 3, 9. There can be no doubt that the place meant is Bethsura, as in the corresponding passages of the second and third books.
3. Foot Note p. 319 c. This appears to be erroneous, as from all other accounts we are informed that this exploit was performed by his own brother, Eleazar, surnamed Avaran.
4. Foot Note p. 319 d. Compare the account given of this Philip and his connexion with the king, at 2 Mace. vi. 14 and 55 ; and 3 Mace. ix. 29.
5. Foot Note p. 319 e. For particulars concerning him, see 2 Mace. vii. 1, and the note there.
6. Foot Note p. 320 f. See above, ch. iii. 0. The particulars of his death are related more at large at 3 Mace. xiii. 3—8.

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