5 Maccabees Chapter 09 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

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P. 304 – 305 Book 5 B.C. 165 [PDF: 354/355 of p.524]

CHAPTER 9.1)Foot Note p. 304 a. Compare 2 Mace. iv. 36, &c. 3 Mace. x. Joseph. Antiq. XII. 11. There is an irregularity here in the order of the narrative ; this cleansing and dedication having preceded the death of king Antiochus, and indeed having contributed to his trouble of mind, as is shewn at 2 Mace, ii. 7.

(i) The history of the eight days of dedication.

1 When Judas had put to flight Ptolemy, and Nicanor, and Gorgias, and had slain their men; he himself and his troops returned into the country2)Foot Note p. 304 b. Concerning this phrase, see the note upon 5 Mace. chap. i. vs.1. above. of the holy house. And he 2 commanded all the altars to be destroyed which Antiochus had ordered to be built : and he removed 3 all the idols which were in the sanctuary : and they built up a new altar, and he commanded sacrifices to be offered upon that. They prayed also 4 to the great and good God, that He would bring forth the holy fire3)Foot Note p. 304 c. Compare 3 Mace. i. 19—22: and ii. 10. which might remain upon the altar : and fire came out from some stones of the 5 altar, and burned up the wood and the sacrifices; and from it fire continued on the altar until the third carrying into captivity4)Foot Note p. 304 d. There can be little doubt that the author alludes to the last general captivity under Titus ; although the expression, ” the third,” is often applied to an earlier visitation of that kind. (See Calmet.) This phrase may serve in some degree to mark the probable age of the book. Compare ch. xxi. 30. and liii. 8.. And then they 6 kept the festival of the new altar5)Foot Note p. 304 e. The same festival which Josephus calls “the feast of lights.” Ant. XII. 7. for eight days, beginning on the twenty-fifth day of the month Casleu. And then they placed bread6)Foot Note p. 304 f. Namely, the shew-bread. on the table 7 of the house of God, and lighted the lamps of the p. 305 8 candlestick. And on each of these eight days they assembled together for prayer and praise : and moreover they appointed it an ordinance for every year to come.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot Note p. 304 a. Compare 2 Mace. iv. 36, &c. 3 Mace. x. Joseph. Antiq. XII. 11. There is an irregularity here in the order of the narrative ; this cleansing and dedication having preceded the death of king Antiochus, and indeed having contributed to his trouble of mind, as is shewn at 2 Mace, ii. 7.
2. Foot Note p. 304 b. Concerning this phrase, see the note upon 5 Mace. chap. i. vs.1. above.
3. Foot Note p. 304 c. Compare 3 Mace. i. 19—22: and ii. 10.
4. Foot Note p. 304 d. There can be little doubt that the author alludes to the last general captivity under Titus ; although the expression, ” the third,” is often applied to an earlier visitation of that kind. (See Calmet.) This phrase may serve in some degree to mark the probable age of the book. Compare ch. xxi. 30. and liii. 8.
5. Foot Note p. 304 e. The same festival which Josephus calls “the feast of lights.” Ant. XII. 7.
6. Foot Note p. 304 f. Namely, the shew-bread.

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