5 Maccabees Chapter 03 (from The Five Books of Maccabees)


Cotton H.Sir : 

01 | 02 | 03 | 04 | 05 | 06 | 07 | 08 | 09 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 |16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 |

21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 |34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 |

41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 |52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 |


P. 284 – 286 Book 5 B.C. 170 [PDF: 334/336 of p.524]

CHAPTER 31)Foot note p. 284 a. Compare with this chapter 2 Mace. i. 3 Mace. v. Joseph. Antiq. XII. 6, 7 Bell. I. 1.

(i.) The history of the Jews. A relation of what befell the Jews under king Antiochus; and what battles took place between them and his captains ; and to what lengths he at last proceeded.

1 There was a certain man of the kings of Macedon, [B.C. 170] who was called Antiochus2)Foot note p. 284 b. Namely, Antiochus Epiphanes.; among whose deeds was this : that when 2 Ptolemy the above mentioned king of Egypt was dead, he went with his armies to attack the second3)Foot note p. 284 c. Or rather, ” the succeeding for as the king intended here is Ptolemy Philometor, the epithet ” second” is incorrectly applied, he being in fact the sixth of the Ptolemies. Ptolemy. And, having conquered and slain Ptolemy, he won his country4)Foot note p. 284 d. As had been predicted by the prophet Daniel, ch. xi. 25. Egypt, and took possession of it. From hence, as his affairs gained 3 an accession of strength, he subdued a great part of the earth ; the king of Persia and others paying him obedience. Wherefore his heart was 4 lifted up : and being puffed up with pride, he commanded images to be made after his own likeness ; that men should worship them, to his glorifying and honour. And when these were made, 5 he sent messengers into all the regions of his empire, commanding them to be worshipped and adored. To these commands the nations assented, fearing and dreading his tyranny. Now there were at that time in Judaea three 6 men, the very worst of all mortals ; and each of them had, as it were, a connexion in the same sort of vice. The name of one of these three was Menelaus5)Foot note p. 285 e. The brother of Jesus, or Jason; for an account of whom see 3 Mace. iv. ; of the second, Simeon6)Foot note p. 285 f. Or Simon, mentioned at .’5 Mace. iii. and iv.; of the third, 7 Alcimnss.7)Foot note p. 285 g. Who was afterwards made high priest. See 2 Mace. vii.And about that time there appeared8)Foot note p. 284 h. Compare 3 Mace. v. 2. certain images, which the citizens of Jerusalem beheld in the air for the space of forty days : they were the appearances of men riding on fiery horses 8 fighting with each other. So those impious men went to Antiochus, to obtain from him some authority, that they might perpetrate with ease whatever they wished, of whoredom, and plundering of men’s goods ; and in short, might rule over the rest, and might keep them in subjection. 9 And they said to him, “O king, there have appeared lately in the air over Jerusalem fiery horsemen, contending with each other : and on that account the Hebrews have rejoiced, saying, that this portended the death of king Antiochus.” 10 Which words the king believing, being filled with rage, he marched to Jerusalem in the shortest possible time ; and came upon the nation 11 not at all forewarned of his approach. And his men attacked the inhabitants, and slew them with the sword, making a very great slaughter9)Foot note p. 285 i. The author of the third book of Maccabees reports, that ”there were destroyed” within the space of three “whole days fourscore thousand ; where of forty thousand were slain in the conflict, and no fewer sold than slain,” ch. v. 14.; many also they wounded, and a great multitude they led 12 into captivity. But some escaping fled into the p. 286 mountains and woods, where they continued a long time, feeding upon herbs. After this, Antiochus determined to depart from 13 [B.C. 169] the country. But the evil which he had 14 done to the nation did not suffice him: but he left as his substitute a man named Faelix10)Foot note p. 286 k. This appears to be either Philip, whom Antiochus is said (at 3 Mace. v. 22.) to have left governor at Jerusalem ; or else, “the old man of Athens” mentioned at 3 Mace. vi. 1, as being sent by him “to compel the Jews to depart from the laws of their fathers.”, enjoining him to compel the Jews to worship his image, and to eat swine’s flesh. Which Faelix did, 15 sending for the people to obey the king in the things which he had commanded him. But they 16 refused to do the things whereunto they were called ; wherefore he slew a great multitude of them ; preserving those wicked wretches and their family, and raising their dignity.


Original Source: Transcribed from PDF copy of Book "The Five Books of Maccabees in English. With Notes and Illustrations", by HENRY COTTON, D.C.L.(Sir) Archdeacon of Cashel, and Late Student of Christ Church, Oxford. Publication date 1832 | PDF


References   [ + ]

1. Foot note p. 284 a. Compare with this chapter 2 Mace. i. 3 Mace. v. Joseph. Antiq. XII. 6, 7 Bell. I. 1.
2. Foot note p. 284 b. Namely, Antiochus Epiphanes.
3. Foot note p. 284 c. Or rather, ” the succeeding for as the king intended here is Ptolemy Philometor, the epithet ” second” is incorrectly applied, he being in fact the sixth of the Ptolemies.
4. Foot note p. 284 d. As had been predicted by the prophet Daniel, ch. xi. 25.
5. Foot note p. 285 e. The brother of Jesus, or Jason; for an account of whom see 3 Mace. iv.
6. Foot note p. 285 f. Or Simon, mentioned at .’5 Mace. iii. and iv.
7. Foot note p. 285 g. Who was afterwards made high priest. See 2 Mace. vii.
8. Foot note p. 284 h. Compare 3 Mace. v. 2.
9. Foot note p. 285 i. The author of the third book of Maccabees reports, that ”there were destroyed” within the space of three “whole days fourscore thousand ; where of forty thousand were slain in the conflict, and no fewer sold than slain,” ch. v. 14.
10. Foot note p. 286 k. This appears to be either Philip, whom Antiochus is said (at 3 Mace. v. 22.) to have left governor at Jerusalem ; or else, “the old man of Athens” mentioned at 3 Mace. vi. 1, as being sent by him “to compel the Jews to depart from the laws of their fathers.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *