Maccabees by Wikipedia

Maccabees by Wikipedia

The Books of the Maccabees are books concerned with the Maccabees[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees, the leaders of the Jewish[2]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jews rebellion against the Seleucid dynasty[3]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_dynasty, or related subjects.

The term mostly refers to two deuterocanonical[4]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuterocanonical books contained in various canons of the Bible:

• [1 Maccabees][5]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/1_MACCABEES: originally written in Hebrew and surviving in a Greek translation, relates the history of the Maccabees from 175 BC until 134 BC.

• [2 Maccabees][6]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/2_MACCABEES: a Greek abridgment of an earlier history in Hebrew, relating the history of the Maccabees down to 161 BC, focusing on Judas Maccabaeus[7]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judas_Maccabaeus, talks about praying for the dead, offerings.

The term also commonly refers to two further works:

• [3 Maccabees][8]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/3_MACCABEESa Greek book relating to a 3rd-century BC persecution of the Jews of Egypt.[1]

• [4 Maccabees][9]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4_Maccabees: a philosophic discourse praising the supremacy of reason over passion, using the Maccabean martyrs[10]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees#Holy_Maccabean_Martyrs as examples.[1]

The term may also refer to:

• [5 Maccabees][11]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_Maccabees: an Arab language history from 186 BC to 6 BC. The same title is also used for a Syriac version of 6th book of Josephus[12]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephus‘ Jewish War[13]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wars_of_the_Jews.[1][2]

• See: Information on 5 Maccabees[14]http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/5maccabees.html

• See: The five books of Maccabees in English by Cotton, Henry, 1789-1879 PDF[15]https://archive.org/details/fivebooksofmacca00cott

• See: V Maccabees, so called by Cotton (“Five Books of Maccabees,” 1832), is known also as the Arabic II Maccabees. It is included in the Paris and London Polyglots. It has clear relations to II Maccabees, the Arabic “Yosippus,” and the Hebrew “Yosippon.” Late in origin and without historical value, the book is, however, of considerable importance from other points of view.[16]http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/10237-maccabees-books-of

• See: The five books of Maccabees in English – Lapid Judaism PDF[17]http://www.lapidjudaism.com/uploads/8/1/0/5/8105580/cu31924029308503.pdf

• [6 Maccabees][18]https://en.wikipedia.org/W/INDEX.PHP?TITLE=6_MACCABEES&ACTION=EDIT&REDLINK=1a Syriac poem which possibly shared a lost source with 4 Maccabees.[2]

• [7 Maccabees][19]https://en.wikipedia.org/W/INDEX.PHP?TITLE=7_MACCABEES&ACTION=EDIT&REDLINK=1a Syriac work focusing on the speeches of the Maccabean Martyrs and their mother[20]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees#Holy_Maccabean_Martyrs.[2]

• [8 Maccabees][21]https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8_Maccabees&action=edit&redlink=1: a brief account of the revolt drawing on Seleucid sources, preserved in the Chronicle of John Malalas[22]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Malalas (pp. 206–207 in Dindorf).[2][3]

• [X Meqabyan][23]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/MEQABYANa similar account from Ethiopian[24]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian sources. They offer a narrative of other Jewish rebels who fight against Antiochius’ rule, but make no mention of the famous brothers from Modein. The origin of these accounts are unknown. [25]Original Source – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Books_of_the_Maccabees

References

1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees
2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jews
3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_dynasty
4 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuterocanonical
5 https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/1_MACCABEES
6 https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/2_MACCABEES
7 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judas_Maccabaeus
8 https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/3_MACCABEES
9 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4_Maccabees
10, 20 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees#Holy_Maccabean_Martyrs
11 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_Maccabees
12 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephus
13 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wars_of_the_Jews
14 http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/5maccabees.html
15 https://archive.org/details/fivebooksofmacca00cott
16 http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/10237-maccabees-books-of
17 http://www.lapidjudaism.com/uploads/8/1/0/5/8105580/cu31924029308503.pdf
18 https://en.wikipedia.org/W/INDEX.PHP?TITLE=6_MACCABEES&ACTION=EDIT&REDLINK=1
19 https://en.wikipedia.org/W/INDEX.PHP?TITLE=7_MACCABEES&ACTION=EDIT&REDLINK=1
21 https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8_Maccabees&action=edit&redlink=1
22 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Malalas
23 https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/MEQABYAN
24 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian
25 Original Source – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Books_of_the_Maccabees

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