Maccabees by Wikipedia
The Books of the Maccabees are books concerned with the Maccabeeshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees, the leaders of the Jewishhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jews rebellion against the Seleucid dynastyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_dynasty, or related subjects.
The term mostly refers to two deuterocanonicalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuterocanonical books contained in various canons of the Bible:
• [1 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/1_MACCABEES: originally written in Hebrew and surviving in a Greek translation, relates the history of the Maccabees from 175 BC until 134 BC.
• [2 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/2_MACCABEES: a Greek abridgment of an earlier history in Hebrew, relating the history of the Maccabees down to 161 BC, focusing on Judas Maccabaeushttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judas_Maccabaeus, talks about praying for the dead, offerings.
The term also commonly refers to two further works:
• [4 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4_Maccabees: a philosophic discourse praising the supremacy of reason over passion, using the Maccabean martyrshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees#Holy_Maccabean_Martyrs as examples.
The term may also refer to:
• [5 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5_Maccabees: an Arab language history from 186 BC to 6 BC. The same title is also used for a Syriac version of 6th book of Josephushttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephus‘ Jewish Warhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wars_of_the_Jews.
• See: Information on 5 Maccabeeshttp://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/5maccabees.html
• See: The five books of Maccabees in English by Cotton, Henry, 1789-1879 PDFhttps://archive.org/details/fivebooksofmacca00cott
• See: V Maccabees, so called by Cotton (“Five Books of Maccabees,” 1832), is known also as the Arabic II Maccabees. It is included in the Paris and London Polyglots. It has clear relations to II Maccabees, the Arabic “Yosippus,” and the Hebrew “Yosippon.” Late in origin and without historical value, the book is, however, of considerable importance from other points of view.http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/10237-maccabees-books-of
• See: The five books of Maccabees in English – Lapid Judaism PDFhttp://www.lapidjudaism.com/uploads/8/1/0/5/8105580/cu31924029308503.pdf
• [7 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/W/INDEX.PHP?TITLE=7_MACCABEES&ACTION=EDIT&REDLINK=1: a Syriac work focusing on the speeches of the Maccabean Martyrs and their motherhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maccabees#Holy_Maccabean_Martyrs.
• [8 Maccabees]https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8_Maccabees&action=edit&redlink=1: a brief account of the revolt drawing on Seleucid sources, preserved in the Chronicle of John Malalashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Malalas (pp. 206–207 in Dindorf).
• [X Meqabyan]https://en.wikipedia.org/WIKI/MEQABYAN: a similar account from Ethiopianhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian sources. They offer a narrative of other Jewish rebels who fight against Antiochius’ rule, but make no mention of the famous brothers from Modein. The origin of these accounts are unknown. Original Source – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Books_of_the_Maccabees
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