2.02.10: The Book of Jubilees Chapters 34.0 tr. R. H. Charles.


KEYS ABBREVIATION DETAILS
AM or A.M 2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)
Abbreviations and Brackets View List Here

Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם‎, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)

 will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.


Chapters. 34[1]Ch.34:1-19 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub68.htm | Ch.34:20-21 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub69.htm 

(i) (Ch.34:1-19) War of the Amorite Kings against Jacob and his Sons. Joseph sold into Egypt. (cf. Gen. 37.) The Death of Bilhah and Dinah.

1. And in the sixth year of this week of this*2148 A.M.* forty-fourth jubilee Jacob sent his sons to pasture their sheep, and his servants with them, to the pastures of Shechem.

2. [2]fn767 The account given in 2-8 of the conquest of Shechem is given in a fuller form in the Test. Judah iii-vii., and in the Midrash Wajjissau (cf. Gaster, Chronicles of Jerahmeel, pp. 80-87). The … Continue readingAnd the seven kings of the Amorites assembled themselves together against them, to slay them, hiding themselves under the trees, and to take their cattle as a prey.

3. And Jacob and Levi and Judah and Joseph were in the house with Isaac their father; for his spirit was sorrowful, and they could not leave him: and Benjamin was the youngest, and for this reason remained with his father.

4. And there came the king[s][3]fn768 Read “king.” of Tâphû,[4]fn769 = Tappuah (Josh. xv. 53, xvi. 8). It is the Tephon mentioned in 1 Macc. ix. 50. This and the following places mentioned may have been specially interesting to our author because of events … Continue reading p. 170 and the king[s][5]fn770 Read “king.” of †’Arêsa,†[6]fn771 Read “Asor,” i. e. Hazer, the scene of a great victory by Jonathan, 1 Macc. xi. 67 ff. and the king[s][7]fn770 Read “king.” of Sêragân,[8]fn772 Unknown. and the king[s][9]fn770 Read “king.” of Sêlô,[10]fn773 i. e. Shiloh. and the king[s][11]fn770 Read “king.” of Gâ’as,[12]fn774 =? Gaash (Josh. xxiv. 30). and the king of Bêthôrôn,[13]fn775 The scene of more than one Maccabean victory; cf. 1 Macc. iii. 13 ff vii. 39 ff. and the king of †Ma’anîsâkîr,†[14]fn776 Corrupt for Shakir-Maani.” and all those who dwell in these mountains (and) who dwell in the woods in the land of Canaan.

5. And they announced this to Jacob saying: “Behold, the kings of the Amorites have surrounded thy sons, and plundered their herds.”

6. And he arose from his housel he and his three sons and all the servants of his father, and his own servants, and he went against them with six thousand[15]fn777 Another reading is “800.” men, who carried swords.

7. And he slew them in the pastures of Shechem, and pursued those who fled, and he slew them with the edge of the sword, and he slew[16]fn778 Six out of the seven kings are slain; so Test. Judah iv. [For the names see notes on 4 above.] †’Arêsa † and Tâphû and Sarêgân and Sêlô and †’Amânîsakîr† and Gâ[gâ]’as, and he recovered his herds.

8. And he prevailed over them, and imposed tribute on them that they should pay him tribute, five fruit products of their land, and he built Rôbêl[17]fn779 Perhaps corrupt for “Arbael” = Arbela (1 Macc. ix. 2). and Tamnâtârês[18]fn780 = Timnath-heres (Jud. ii. 9); cf. 1 Macc. ix. 50.

9. And he returned in peace, and made peace with them, and they became his servants, until the day that he and his sons went down into*2149 A.M.* Egypt.

10. [19]fn781 For 10-11 cf. Gen. xxxvii. 12 ff.And in the seventh year of this week he sent Joseph to learn about the welfare of his brothers from his house to the land of Shechem, and he found them in the land of Dothan.

11. And they dealt treacherously with him, and formed a plot against him to slay him, but changing their minds, p. 171 they sold him to Ishmaelite merchants, and they brought him down into Egypt, and they sold him to Potiphar, the eunuch[20]fn782 Or “court official.” of Pharaoh, the chief of the cooks,[21]fn783 So LXX of Gen. xxxvii. 36 (ἀρχιμάγειρος), misunderstanding the Hebrew (= “captain of the guard” priest of the city of ’Êlêw.[22]fn784 i. e. Heliopolis (LXX Ἡλίου πόλεωσ, Gen. xli. 45, 50), i. e. “On.”

12. And the sons of Jacob slaughtered a kid, and dipped the coat of Joseph in the blood, and sent (it) to Jacob their father on the tenth of the seventh month.

13. And he mourned all that night, for they had brought it to him in the evening, and he became feverish with mourning for his death, and he said: “An evil beast hath devoured Joseph”; and all the members of his house [mourned with him that day, and they][23]fn785 Bracketed as a dittograph. were grieving and mourning with him all that day.

14. And his sons and his daughter rose up to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted for his son.

15. And on that day Bilhah heard that Joseph had perished, and she died mourning him, and she was living in †Qafrâtêf†[24]fn786 ? = “Kabrâtân,” xxxii. 32. and Dinah also, his daughter, died after Joseph had perished. And there came these three mournings upon Israel in one month.

16. And they buried Bilhah over against the tomb of Rachel, and Dinah also, his daughter, they buried there.

17. And he mourned for Joseph one year, and did not cease, for he said “Let me go down to the grave mourning for my son.”[25]fn787 Cf. Gen. xxxvii. 35.

18. For this reason[26]fn788 The reason here given for the institution of the Day of Atonement (cf. Lev. xvi.) seems to be peculiar to our Book. it is ordained for the children of Israel that they should afflict themselves[27]fn789 = “fast,” cf. Lev. xvi. 31, etc. on the tenth of the seventh month–on the day that the news which made him weep for Joseph came to Jacob his father–that they should make atonement for themselves thereon with a young goat on the tenth of the seventh month, p. 172 once a year, for their sins; for they had grieved the affection of their father regarding Joseph his son.

19. And this day hath been ordained that they should grieve thereon for their sins, and for all their transgressions and for all their errors, so that they might cleanse themselves on that day once a year.

(ii) (Ch.34:20-21) The Wives of Jacob’s Sons.

20. And after Joseph perished, the sons of Jacob took unto themselves wives. The name of Reuben’s wife is ’Adâ[28]fn790 Cf. Gen. xlvi. 10. According to xxx. 7 ff. such a marriage (with a Canaanitish woman) was punishable with death. and the name of Simeon’s wife is ’Adîbâ’a, a Canaanite;[29]fn790 Cf. Gen. xlvi. 10. According to xxx. 7 ff. such a marriage (with a Canaanitish woman) was punishable with death. and the name of Levi’s wife is Mêlkâ,[30]fn791 Cf. Test. Levi xi. i. of the daughters of Aram, of the seed of the sons of Terah; and the name of Judah’s wife, Bêtasû’êl,[31]fn792 Cf. xli. 7. The name goes back to “Bath-shua” (i. e. “daughter of Shua”); cf. Test. Judah viii. 2, etc.; cf. Gen. xxxviii. 2. a Canaanite; and the name of Issachar’s wife, Hêzaqâ; and the name of Zebulon’s wife, †Nî’îmân†;[32]fn793 The name is doubtful. Some Ethiopic MSS. omit it. and the name of Dan’s wife, ’Êglâ; and the name of Naphtali’s wife, Rasû’û, of Mesopotamia; and the name of Gad’s wife, Mâka; and the name of Asher’s wife, ’Îjônâ; and the name of Joseph’s wife, Asenath,[33]fn794 Cf. Gen. xli. 45. the Egyptian; and the name of Benjamin’s wife, ’Îjasaka.

21. And Simeon repented, and took a second wife from Mesopotamia as his brothers.


References

1 Ch.34:1-19 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub68.htm | Ch.34:20-21 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub69.htm
2 fn767 The account given in 2-8 of the conquest of Shechem is given in a fuller form in the Test. Judah iii-vii., and in the Midrash Wajjissau (cf. Gaster, Chronicles of Jerahmeel, pp. 80-87). The legend evidently has an old basis, for it harmonizes with the statement given in Gen. xlviii. 22, which refers to Jacob’s conquest of Shechem (cf. RX. margin). This form of the story is obviously independent of, and possibly older than, that given in Gen. xxxiv.
3 fn768 Read “king.”
4 fn769 = Tappuah (Josh. xv. 53, xvi. 8). It is the Tephon mentioned in 1 Macc. ix. 50. This and the following places mentioned may have been specially interesting to our author because of events connected with them in Maccabean times.
5, 7, 9, 11 fn770 Read “king.”
6 fn771 Read “Asor,” i. e. Hazer, the scene of a great victory by Jonathan, 1 Macc. xi. 67 ff.
8 fn772 Unknown.
10 fn773 i. e. Shiloh.
12 fn774 =? Gaash (Josh. xxiv. 30).
13 fn775 The scene of more than one Maccabean victory; cf. 1 Macc. iii. 13 ff vii. 39 ff.
14 fn776 Corrupt for Shakir-Maani.”
15 fn777 Another reading is “800.”
16 fn778 Six out of the seven kings are slain; so Test. Judah iv. [For the names see notes on 4 above.]
17 fn779 Perhaps corrupt for “Arbael” = Arbela (1 Macc. ix. 2).
18 fn780 = Timnath-heres (Jud. ii. 9); cf. 1 Macc. ix. 50.
19 fn781 For 10-11 cf. Gen. xxxvii. 12 ff.
20 fn782 Or “court official.”
21 fn783 So LXX of Gen. xxxvii. 36 (ἀρχιμάγειρος), misunderstanding the Hebrew (= “captain of the guard”
22 fn784 i. e. Heliopolis (LXX Ἡλίου πόλεωσ, Gen. xli. 45, 50), i. e. “On.”
23 fn785 Bracketed as a dittograph.
24 fn786 ? = “Kabrâtân,” xxxii. 32.
25 fn787 Cf. Gen. xxxvii. 35.
26 fn788 The reason here given for the institution of the Day of Atonement (cf. Lev. xvi.) seems to be peculiar to our Book.
27 fn789 = “fast,” cf. Lev. xvi. 31, etc.
28 fn790 Cf. Gen. xlvi. 10. According to xxx. 7 ff. such a marriage (with a Canaanitish woman) was punishable with death.
29 fn790 Cf. Gen. xlvi. 10. According to xxx. 7 ff. such a marriage (with a Canaanitish woman) was punishable with death.
30 fn791 Cf. Test. Levi xi. i.
31 fn792 Cf. xli. 7. The name goes back to “Bath-shua” (i. e. “daughter of Shua”); cf. Test. Judah viii. 2, etc.; cf. Gen. xxxviii. 2.
32 fn793 The name is doubtful. Some Ethiopic MSS. omit it.
33 fn794 Cf. Gen. xli. 45.

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