|AM or A.M||2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)|
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Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.*
Chapters. 24Ch.24:1-7 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub53.htm | Ch.24:8-27 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub54.htm | Ch.24:28-33 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub55.htm
(i) (Ch.24:1-7) Isaac at the Well of Vision: Esau sells his Birthright (cf. Gen. 25:11, 29-34).
p. 133 1. And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that the Lord blessed Isaac his son, and he arose from Hebron and went and dwelt at the Well of the Visionfn637 i.e. Beer-lahai-roi (“the well of the Living One that seeth me”); Gen. xxv. iii. in the first year of the third week of this jubilee, seven years.
2. And in the*2073 A.M.* first year of the fourth week a famine began in*2080 A.M.* the land, besides the first famine, which had been in the days of Abraham.fn638 Cf. Gen. xxvi. 11.
3. And Jacob sod lentil pottage, and Esau came from the field hungry. And he said to Jacob his brother: “Give me of this red pottage.”fn639 Cf. Gen. xxv. 30. And Jacob said to him: “Sell to me thy [primogeniture, this] birthright and I will give thee bread, and also some of this lentil pottage.”
4. And Esau said in his heart: “I shall die; of what profit to me is this birthright?” And he said to Jacob: “I give it to thee.”
5. And Jacob said “Swear to me, this day,” and he sware unto him.
6. And Jacob gave his brother Esau bread and pottage, and he ate till he was satisfied, and Esau despised his birthright; for this reason was Esau’s name called Edom,fn640 Edom = “red.” on account of the red pottage which Jacob gave him for his birthright.
7. And Jacob became the elder, and Esau was brought down from his dignity.
(ii) (Ch.24:8-27) Isaac’s Sojourn in Gerar and Dealings with Abimelech (cf. Gen. 26).
8. And the famine was over the land, and Isaac departed to go down into Egypt in the second year of this week, and went to the king of the Philistines to Gerar, unto Abimelech.
9. fn641 For 9-12 cf. Gen. xxvi. 2-6.And the Lord appeared unto him and said unto him: “Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land that I shall tell thee of, and sojourn in this land, and I shall be p. 134 with thee and bless thee.
10. For to thee and to thy seed shall I give all this land, and I shall establish My oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father, and I shall multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and shall give unto thy seed all this land.
11. And in thy seed will all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thy father obeyed My voice, and kept My charge and My commandments, and My laws, and My ordinances, and My covenant; and now obey My voice and dwell in this land.”*2080-2101 A.M.*
12. And he dwelt in Gerar three weeks of years.
13. And Abimelech charged concerning him, and concerning all that was his, saying: “Any man that shall touch him or aught that is his shall surely die.”fn642 Cf. Gen. xxvi. ii. Notice that no reference is made in our text to Isaac’s deception about Rebecca.
14. And Isaac waxed strong among the Philistines, and he got many possessions, oxen and sheep and camels and asses and a great household.
15. And he sowed in the land of the Philistines and brought in a hundred-fold, and Isaac became exceedingly great, and the Philistines envied him.
16. Now all the wells which the servants of Abraham had dug during the life of Abraham, the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham, and filled them with earth.
17. And Abimelech said unto Isaac: “Go from us, for thou art much mightier than we”; and Isaac departed thence in*2101 A.M.* the first year of the seventh week, and sojourned in the valleys of Gerar.
18. And they digged again the wells of water which the servants of Abraham, his father, had digged, and which the Philistines had closed after the death of Abraham his father, and he called their names as Abraham his father had named them.
19. And the servants of Isaac dug a well in the valley, and found living water, and the shepherds of Gerar strove with the shepherds of Isaac, saying: “The water is ours “; and Isaac called the name of the well “Perversity,”fn643 = Esek; cf. Gen. xxvi. 20. because p. 135 they had been perverse with us.
20. And they dug a second well, and they strove for that also, and he called its name “Enmity.”fn644 = Sinai; cf. Gen. xxvi. 21. And he arose from thence and they digged another well, and for that they strove not, and he called the name of it “Room,”fn645 = Rehoboth; cf. Gen. xxvi. 22. and Isaac said: “Now the Lord hath made room for us, and we have increased in the land.”
21. And he went up from thence to the Well of the Oathfn646 i. e. Beersheba. in the first year of the first week in the forty-fourth*2108 A.M.* jubilee.
22. And the Lord appeared to him that night, on the new moon of the first month, and said unto him: “I am the God of Abraham thy father; fear not, for I am with thee, and shall bless thee and shall surely multiply thy seed as the sand of the earth, for the sake of Abraham my servant.”
23. And he built an altar there, which Abraham his father had first built, and he called upon the name of the Lord, and he offered sacrifice to the God of Abraham his father.
24. And they digged a well and they found living water.
25. And the servants of Isaac digged another well and did notfn647 In Gen. xxvi. 32 the MT does not read not; but LXX agrees with our text in so reading. It is implied here that their failure to find water was due to the covenant made with Abimelech. find water, and they went and told Isaac that they had not found water, and Isaac said: “I have sworn this day to the Philistines and this thing hath been announced to us.”
26. And he called the name of that place the “Well of the Oath”; for there he had sworn to Abimelech and Ahuzzath his friend and Phicol the prefect of his host.fn648 Cf. Geri. xxvi. 31, 33.
27. And Isaac knew that day that under constraint he had sworn to them to make peace with them.
(iii) (Ch.24:28-33) Isaac curses the Philistines
p. 136 28. And Isaac on that day cursed the Philistinesfn649 The text reflects the bitter feeling towards the Philistines existing among the Jews in Maccabean times. The Philistine cities were either destroyed or captured by the Maccabees. and said: “Cursed be the Philistines unto the day of wrath and indignation from the midst of all nations; may God make them a derision and a curse and an object of wrath and indignation in the hands of the sinners the Gentiles and in the hands of the Kittim.fn650 i. e. the Macedonians; cf. 1 Macc. i. 1, viii. 5.
29. And whoever escapeth the sword of the enemy and the Kittim, may the righteous nationfn651 i. e. Judah under the Maccabees. root out in judgment from under heaven; for they will be the enemies and foes of my children throughout their generations upon the earth.
30. And no remnant will be left to them,
Nor one that will be saved on the day of the wrath of judgment;
For for destruction and rooting out and expulsion from the earth is the whole seed of the Philistines (reserved),
And there will no longer be left for these Caphtorimfn652 The Philistines came originally from Caphtor according to Amos ix. 7 (Deut. ii. 23; Jer. xlvii. 4). a name or a seed on the earth.
31. fn653 The basis of 31-32 seems to be Amos ix. 2-4.For though he ascend unto heaven,
Thence will he be brought down,
And though he make himself strong on earth,
Thence will he be dragged forth,
And though he hide himself amongst the nations,
Even from thence will he be rooted out;
And though he descend into Sheol,
There also will his condemnation be great,
And there also he will have no peace.
32. And if he go into captivity,
By the hands of those that seek his life will they slay him on the way, p. 137
And neither name nor seed will be left to him on all the earth;
For into eternal malediction will he depart.”
33. And thus is it written and engraved concerning him on the heavenly tables, to do unto him on the day of judgment, so that he may be rooted out of the earth.
|↑1||Ch.24:1-7 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub53.htm | Ch.24:8-27 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub54.htm | Ch.24:28-33 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub55.htm|
|↑2||fn637 i.e. Beer-lahai-roi (“the well of the Living One that seeth me”); Gen. xxv. iii.|
|↑3||fn638 Cf. Gen. xxvi. 11.|
|↑4||fn639 Cf. Gen. xxv. 30.|
|↑5||fn640 Edom = “red.”|
|↑6||fn641 For 9-12 cf. Gen. xxvi. 2-6.|
|↑7||fn642 Cf. Gen. xxvi. ii. Notice that no reference is made in our text to Isaac’s deception about Rebecca.|
|↑8||fn643 = Esek; cf. Gen. xxvi. 20.|
|↑9||fn644 = Sinai; cf. Gen. xxvi. 21.|
|↑10||fn645 = Rehoboth; cf. Gen. xxvi. 22.|
|↑11||fn646 i. e. Beersheba.|
|↑12||fn647 In Gen. xxvi. 32 the MT does not read not; but LXX agrees with our text in so reading. It is implied here that their failure to find water was due to the covenant made with Abimelech.|
|↑13||fn648 Cf. Geri. xxvi. 31, 33.|
|↑14||fn649 The text reflects the bitter feeling towards the Philistines existing among the Jews in Maccabean times. The Philistine cities were either destroyed or captured by the Maccabees.|
|↑15||fn650 i. e. the Macedonians; cf. 1 Macc. i. 1, viii. 5.|
|↑16||fn651 i. e. Judah under the Maccabees.|
|↑17||fn652 The Philistines came originally from Caphtor according to Amos ix. 7 (Deut. ii. 23; Jer. xlvii. 4).|
|↑18||fn653 The basis of 31-32 seems to be Amos ix. 2-4.|