2.02.10: The Book of Jubilees Chapters 22.0 tr. R. H. Charles.


KEYS ABBREVIATION DETAILS
AM or A.M 2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)
Abbreviations and Brackets View List Here

Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם‎, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)

 will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.


Chapters. 22[1]Ch.22:1-9 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub47.htm | Ch.22:10-30 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub48.htm 

(i) (Ch.22:1-9) Isaac, Ishmael and Jacob join in Festival with Abraham for the Last Time. Abraham’s Prayer.

1. And it came to pass in the †first†[2]fn574 Read “sixth” (Charles). week in the †forty-fourth†[3]fn575 Read “forty-second” (Charles). jubilee, in the †second† year, that is, the year in which Abraham died, that Isaac and Ishmael came from the Well of the Oath to celebrate the feast of weeks–that is, the feast of the first-fruits of the harvest–to Abraham, their father, and Abraham rejoiced because his two sons had come.

2. For Isaac had many possessions in Beersheba, and Isaac was wont to go and see his possessions and to return to his father.

3. And in those days Ishmael came to see his father, and they both came together, and Isaac offered a sacrifice for a burnt-offering, and presented it on the altar of his father which he had made in Hebron.

4. And he offered a thank-offering and made a feast of joy before Ishmael, his brother: and Rebecca made new cakes from the new grain, and gave them to Jacob, her son, to take them to Abraham, his father, from the first-fruits of the land, that he might eat and bless the Creator of all things before he died.

5. And Isaac, too, sent by the hand of Jacob to Abraham a best thank-offering, that he might eat and drink.

6. And he ate and drank, and blessed the Most High God, p. 123
Who hath created heaven and earth,
Who hath made all the fat things of the earth,
And given them to the children of men
That they might eat and drink and bless their Creator.

7. “And now I give thanks unto Thee, my God, because Thou hast caused me to see this day: behold, I am one hundred three score and fifteen years, an old man and full of days,[4]fn576 Cf. xxi. 1. and all my days have been unto me peace.

8. The sword of the adversary[5]fn577 Cf. Jer. vi. 25. hath not overcome me in all that Thou hast given me and my children all the days of my life until this day.

9. My God, may Thy mercy and Thy peace be upon Thy servant, and upon the seed of his sons, that they may be to Thee a chosen nation and an inheritance[6]fn578 Israel is God’s inheritance; cf. Deut. iv. 20. from amongst all the nations of the earth from henceforth unto all the days of the generations of the earth, unto all the ages.”

(ii) (Ch.22:10-30) Abraham’s Last Words to and Blessings of Jacob.

10. And he called Jacob and said My son Jacob, may the God of all[7]fn579 i. e. of the universe; this idea often recurs in our author. bless thee and strengthen thee to do righteousness, and His will before Him, and may He choose thee and thy seed that ye may become a people for His inheritance according to His will alway. And do thou, my son, Jacob, draw near and kiss me.”

11. And he drew near and kissed him, and he said:
“Blessed be my son Jacob
And all the sons of God Most High, unto all the ages:
May God give unto thee a seed of righteousness;
And some of thy sons may He sanctify in the midst of the whole earth;
May nations serve thee, p. 124
And all the nations bow themselves before thy seed.[8]fn580 Verbally from Gen. xxvii. 29 (Isaac’s blessing of Jacob).

12. Be strong in the presence of men,
And exercise authority over all the seed of Seth.[9]fn581 i. e. all mankind (Charles).
Then thy ways and the ways of thy sons will be justified,
So that they shall become a holy nation.

13. May the Most High God give thee all the blessings
Wherewith he hath blessed me
And wherewith He blessed Noah and Adam;[10]fn582 Cf. xix. 27.
May they rest on the sacred head of thy seed from generation to generation for ever.

14. And may He cleanse thee from all unrighteousness and impurity,
That thou mayest be forgiven all (thy) transgressions; (and) thy sins of ignorance.
And may He strengthen thee,
And bless thee.
And mayest thou inherit the whole earth,

15. And may He renew His covenant with thee,
That thou mayest be to Him a nation for His inheritance[11]fn583 Cf. xxii, 9. for all the ages,
And that He may be to thee and to thy seed a God in truth and righteousness throughout all the days of the earth.

16. And do thou, my son Jacob, remember my words,
And observe the commandments of Abraham, thy father:
Separate thyself from the nations,
And eat not with them:[12]fn584 A strict observance of the dietary laws would make this practically impossible; cf. Dan. i. 8; Matt. ix. 11. The question was one of crucial importance in the early Maccabean period; cf. e. … Continue reading
And do not according to their works,
And become not their associate;
For their works are unclean, p. 125
And all their ways are a pollution and an abomination and uncleanness.

17. They offer their sacrifices to the dead[13]fn585 Cf. Deut. xxvi. 14; Ecclus. xxx. 18, 19, etc.
And they worship evil spirits,[14]fn586 Cf. 1 Cor. x. 20 (1 Enoch xix. i).
And they eat over the graves,[15]fn587 i.e. Partake of the sacrifices offered to the dead; cf. Deut. xxvi. 14 (according to one interpretation).
And all their works are vanity and nothingness.

18. They have no heart to understand
And their eyes do not see what their works are,
And how they err in saying to a piece of wood: ‘Thou art my God,’
And to a stone: ‘Thou art my Lord and thou art my deliverer.’[16]fn588 Cf. Jer. ii. 27.
[And they have no heart.][17]fn589 Bracketed words a dittograph.

19. And as for thee, my son Jacob,
May the Most High God help thee
And the God of heaven bless thee
And remove thee from their uncleanness and from all their error.

20. Be thou ware, my son Jacob, of taking a wife from any seed of the daughters of Canaan;
For all his seed is to be rooted out of the earth.[18]fn590 Cf. Gen. xxviii. i; Test. Levi ix. 10.

21. For, owing to the transgression of Ham,[19]fn591 Cf. vii. 8. Canaan erred,[20]fn592 Canaan wrongfully seized Palestine; cf. x. 29-34.
And all his seed will be destroyed from off the earth and all the residue thereof,
And none springing from him will be saved on the day of judgment.

22. And as for all the worshippers of idols and the profane
[21]fn593 The four following lines have been transposed by Charles for the sake of parallelism. (22b) There will be no hope for them in the land of the living; p. 126
(22e) And there will be no remembrance of them on the earth;
(22c) For they will descend into Sheol,
(22d) And into the place of condemnation will they go,[22]fn594 Cf. vii. 29.
As the children of Sodom were taken away from the earth
So will all those who worship idols be taken away.

23. Fear not, my son Jacob,
And be not dismayed, O son of Abraham:
May the Most High God preserve thee from destruction,
And from all the paths of error may He deliver thee.

24. This house have I built for myself that I might put my name upon it in the earth: [it is given to thee and to thy seed for ever],[23]fn595 Bracketed words a dittograph. and it will be named the house of Abraham; it is given to thee and to thy seed for ever; for thou wilt build my house[24]fn596 “House” throughout this passage = “family.” and establish my name before God for ever: thy seed and thy name will stand throughout all generations of the earth.”

25. And he ceased commanding[25]fn597 i. e. giving the last commands; cf. Gen. xlix. 33 and often. him and blessing him.

26. And the two lay together on one bed, and Jacob slept in the bosom of Abraham, his father’s father and he kissed him seven times, and his affection and his heart rejoiced over him.

27. [26]fn598 Charles suspects 27 may be an interpolation.And he blessed him with all his heart and said: “The Most High God, the God of all, and Creator of all, who brought me forth from Ur of the Chaldees, that He might give me this land to inherit[27]fn599 Cf. Gen. xv. 7; Neh. ix. 7. it for ever, and that I might establish a holy seed–blessed be the Most High for ever.”

28. And he blessed Jacob and said: “My son, over whom with all my heart and my affection I rejoice, may Thy grace and Thy mercy p. 127 be lift up[28]fn600 Cf. Num. vi. 26. upon him and upon his seed alway.

29. And do not forsake him, nor set him at nought from henceforth unto the days of eternity, and may Thine eyes be opened upon him and upon his seed,[29]fn601 Cf. 1 Kings viii. 29, 52; Dan. ix. 18. that Thou mayest preserve him, and bless him, and mayest sanctify him as a nation for Thine inheritance;

30. And bless him with all Thy blessings from henceforth unto all the days of eternity, and renew Thy covenant and Thy grace with him and with his seed according to all Thy good pleasure unto all the generations of the earth.”


References

References
1 Ch.22:1-9 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub47.htm | Ch.22:10-30 see: http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub48.htm
2 fn574 Read “sixth” (Charles).
3 fn575 Read “forty-second” (Charles).
4 fn576 Cf. xxi. 1.
5 fn577 Cf. Jer. vi. 25.
6 fn578 Israel is God’s inheritance; cf. Deut. iv. 20.
7 fn579 i. e. of the universe; this idea often recurs in our author.
8 fn580 Verbally from Gen. xxvii. 29 (Isaac’s blessing of Jacob).
9 fn581 i. e. all mankind (Charles).
10 fn582 Cf. xix. 27.
11 fn583 Cf. xxii, 9.
12 fn584 A strict observance of the dietary laws would make this practically impossible; cf. Dan. i. 8; Matt. ix. 11. The question was one of crucial importance in the early Maccabean period; cf. e. g. 1 Macc. i. 62.
13 fn585 Cf. Deut. xxvi. 14; Ecclus. xxx. 18, 19, etc.
14 fn586 Cf. 1 Cor. x. 20 (1 Enoch xix. i).
15 fn587 i.e. Partake of the sacrifices offered to the dead; cf. Deut. xxvi. 14 (according to one interpretation).
16 fn588 Cf. Jer. ii. 27.
17 fn589 Bracketed words a dittograph.
18 fn590 Cf. Gen. xxviii. i; Test. Levi ix. 10.
19 fn591 Cf. vii. 8.
20 fn592 Canaan wrongfully seized Palestine; cf. x. 29-34.
21 fn593 The four following lines have been transposed by Charles for the sake of parallelism.
22 fn594 Cf. vii. 29.
23 fn595 Bracketed words a dittograph.
24 fn596 “House” throughout this passage = “family.”
25 fn597 i. e. giving the last commands; cf. Gen. xlix. 33 and often.
26 fn598 Charles suspects 27 may be an interpolation.
27 fn599 Cf. Gen. xv. 7; Neh. ix. 7.
28 fn600 Cf. Num. vi. 26.
29 fn601 Cf. 1 Kings viii. 29, 52; Dan. ix. 18.

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