|AM or A.M||2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)|
|Abbreviations and Brackets||View List Here|
Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.*
Chapters. 19Ch.19:1-9 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub41.htm | Ch.19:10-14 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub42.htm | Ch.19:15-31 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub43.htm
(i) (Ch.19:1-9) The Death and Burial of Sarah (cf. Gen. xxiii.)
p. 112 1. And in the first year of the first week in the*2010 A.M.* forty-second jubilee, Abraham returned and dwelt opposite Hebron, that is Kirjath Arba, two weeks of years.
2. And in the first year of the †third†fn517 Read “second” (Charles). week of this jubilee the days of the life of Sarah were accomplished, and she died in Hebron.
3. And Abraham went to mourn over her and bury her, and we tried him [to see] if his spirit were patient and he were not indignant in the words of his mouth; and he was found patient in this, and was not disturbed.fn518 This is the tenth trial of Abraham; cf. xvii. 17 note.
4. For in patience of spirit he conversed with the children of Heth, to the intent that they should give him a place in which to bury his dead.
5. And the Lord gave him grace before all who saw him, and he besought in gentleness the sons of Heth, and they gave him the land of the double cavefn519 is missing from original source over against Mamre, that is Hebron, for four hundred pieces of silver.
6. And they besought him, saying, “We shall give it to thee for nothing”; but he would not take it from their hands for nothing, for he gave the price of the place, the money in full, and he bowed down before them twice; and after this he buried his dead in the double cave.
7. And all the days of the life of Sarah were one hundred and twenty-seven years, that is, two jubilees and four weeks and one year: these are the days of the years of the life of Sarah.
8. This is the tenthfn518 This is the tenth trial of Abraham; cf. xvii. 17 note. trial wherewith Abraham was tried, and he was found faithful, patient in spirit.
9. And he said not a single word regarding the rumour in the land how that God had said that He would give it to him and to his seed after him, and he begged a place there to bury his dead; for he was found faithful, p. 113 and was recorded on the heavenly tables as the friend of God.fn520 i. e. the cave of Machpelah (LXX, τὸ σπήλαιον τὸ διπλοῦν).
(ii) (Ch.19:10-14) Marriage of Isaac and second Marriage of Abraham (cf. Gen. 24:15, 25:1-4); the Birth of Esau and Jacob.
10. And in the fourth year thereof he took a wife*2020 A.M.* for his son Isaac and her name was Rebecca [the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Nahor, the brother of Abraham]fn521 The bracketed words a dittograph. the sister of Laban and daughter of Bethuel; and Bethuel was the son of Mêlcâ, who was the wife of Nahor, the brother of Abraham.
11. And Abraham took to himself a third wife, and her name was Keturah, from among the daughters of his household servants, for Hagar had died before Sarah.fn522 This explains why Abraham did not take Hagar back. The later tradition (cf. e. g. Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxx.) identifies Hagar with Keturah.
12. And she bare him six sons, Zimram, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah, in the two weeks of years.
13. And in the sixth week,*2046 A.M.* in the second year thereof, Rebecca bare to Isaac two sons, Jacob and Esau, and Jacob was a smooth and uprightfn523 Cf. Gen. xxv. 27 (where “plain” = lit. “upright”), and Gen. xxvii. 11 (combined here). man, and Esau was fierce, a man of the field, and hairy, and Jacob dwelt in tents.
14. And the youths grew, and Jacob learned to write;fn524 According to the Targums the “tents” were academies. Jacob is represented as a lifelong student of the Torah (cf. Ber. rabba lxiii; Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxxii.). but Esau did not learn, for he was a man of the field and a hunter, and he learnt war, and all his deeds were fierce.
(iii) (Ch.19:15-31) Abraham loves Jacob and blesses him.
p. 114 15. And Abraham loved Jacob, but Isaac loved Esau.
16. And Abraham saw the deeds of Esau, and he knew that in Jacobfn525 Jacob was to be the founder of the chosen nation; cf. ii. 20. should his name and seed be called; and he called Rebecca and gave commandment regarding Jacob, for he knew that she (too) loved Jacob much more than Esau.
17. And he said unto her: “My daughter, watch over my son Jacob,
For he shall be in my stead on the earth,
And for a blessing in the midst of the children of men,
And for the glory of the whole seed of Shem.
18. For I know that the Lord will choose him to be a people for possession unto Himself, above all peoples that are upon the face of the earth.fn526 Cf. Deut. vii. 6.
19. And behold, Isaac my son loveth Esau more than Jacob, but I see that thou truly lovest Jacob.
20. Add still further to thy kindness to him,
And let thine eyes be upon him in love;
For he will be a blessing unto us on the earth from henceforth unto all generations of the earth.
21. Let thy hands be strong
And let thy heart rejoice in thy son Jacob;
For I have loved him far beyond all my sons.
He will be blessed for ever,
And his seed will fill the whole earth.
22. If a man can number the sand of the earth,
His seed also will be numbered.fn527 Cf. Gen. xiii. 16 (cf. also xiii. 20 of our Book).
23. And all the blessings wherewith the Lord hath blessed me and my seed shall belong to Jacob and his seed alway.
24. And in his seed shall my name be blessed, and the name of my fathers, Shem, and p. 115 Noah, and Enoch, and Mahalalel, and Enos, and Seth, and Adam.fn528 Notice that Methuselah is omitted, and Adam is reckoned among the saints (with Noah and Enoch).
25. And these shall serve
To lay the foundations of the heaven,
And to strengthen the earth,
And to renew all the luminaries which are in the firmament.”
26. And he called Jacob before the eyes of Rebecca his mother, and kissed him, and blessed him, and said:
27. “Jacob, my beloved son, whom my soul loveth, may God bless thee from above the firmament, and may He give thee all the blessings wherewith He blessed Adam, and Enoch, and Noah, and Shem; and all the things of which He told me, and all the things which He promised to give me, may He cause to cleave to thee and to thy seed for ever, according to the days of heaven above the earth.fn529 Cf. xxii. 13.
28. And the spirits of Mastêmâ shall not rule over thee or over thy seedfn530 As over the Gentiles. to turn thee from the Lord, who is thy God from henceforth for ever.
29. And may the Lord God be a father to thee and thou the first-born son, and to the people alway. Go in peace, my son.”
30. And they both went forth together from Abraham.
31. And Rebecca loved Jacob, with all her heart and with all her soul, very much more than Esau; but Isaac loved Esau much more than Jacob.
|↑1||Ch.19:1-9 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub41.htm | Ch.19:10-14 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub42.htm | Ch.19:15-31 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub43.htm|
|↑2||fn517 Read “second” (Charles).|
|↑3, ↑5||fn518 This is the tenth trial of Abraham; cf. xvii. 17 note.|
|↑4||fn519 is missing from original source|
|↑6||fn520 i. e. the cave of Machpelah (LXX, τὸ σπήλαιον τὸ διπλοῦν).|
|↑7||fn521 The bracketed words a dittograph.|
|↑8||fn522 This explains why Abraham did not take Hagar back. The later tradition (cf. e. g. Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxx.) identifies Hagar with Keturah.|
|↑9||fn523 Cf. Gen. xxv. 27 (where “plain” = lit. “upright”), and Gen. xxvii. 11 (combined here).|
|↑10||fn524 According to the Targums the “tents” were academies. Jacob is represented as a lifelong student of the Torah (cf. Ber. rabba lxiii; Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xxxii.).|
|↑11||fn525 Jacob was to be the founder of the chosen nation; cf. ii. 20.|
|↑12||fn526 Cf. Deut. vii. 6.|
|↑13||fn527 Cf. Gen. xiii. 16 (cf. also xiii. 20 of our Book).|
|↑14||fn528 Notice that Methuselah is omitted, and Adam is reckoned among the saints (with Noah and Enoch).|
|↑15||fn529 Cf. xxii. 13.|
|↑16||fn530 As over the Gentiles.|