2.02.10: The Book of Jubilees Chapters 04.0 tr. R. H. Charles.


KEYS ABBREVIATION DETAILS
AM or A.M 2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)
Abbreviations and Brackets View List Here

Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם‎, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)

 will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.


Chapters. 4[1]Ch.4:1-12 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub16.htm | Ch.4:13-33 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub17.htm 

(i) (Ch.4:1-12) Cain and Abel (cf. Gen. 4).

1. And in the third week in the second jubilee *64-70 A.M.* she gave birth to Cain, and in the fourth she gave birth *71-77 A.M.* to Abel, and in the fifth she gave birth to her daughter *78-84 A.M.* ’Âwân.[2]fn144 i.e. “iniquity” (Heb. ’āwen). Another daughter, ’Azûrâ (= “well guarded”), was born later. Cain married ’Âwân and Seth ’Azûrâ. There is great … Continue reading 

2. And in the first (year) of the third jubilee,*99-105 A.M.* Cain slew Abel because (God) accepted the sacrifice of Abel, and did not accept the offering of Cain.

3. And he slew him in the field: and his blood cried from the ground to heaven, complaining because he had slain him.[3]fn145 Cf. Gen. iv. 4, 5, 8, 10. 

4. And the Lord reproved Cain because of Abel, because he had slain him, and he made him a fugitive on the earth because of the blood of his brother, and he cursed him upon the earth.[4]fn146 Cf. Gen. iv. 11-12.

5. And on this account it is written on the heavenly tables, “Cursed is he who smiteth his neighbour treacherously, and let all who have seen and heard say, So be it; and the man who hath seen and not declared (it), let him be accursed as the other.”[5]fn147 Cf. Deut. xxvii. 24.. And for this reason we announce when we come before the Lord our God all the sin which is committed in heaven and on earth, and in light and in darkness, and everywhere.

7. And Adam and his wife mourned for Abel four weeks of years, and in the fourth year *99-127 A.M.* of the fifth week they became joyful, and Adam knew p. 52 his wife again, and she bare him a son, and he[6]fn148 So Sam.; but MT “she.” In our Book it is generally the father who names the child. called his name Seth; for he said “God hath raised up a second seed unto us on the earth instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.”[7]fn149 Cf. Gen. iv. 25. 

8. And in the sixth week he *134-140 A.M.* begat his daughter ’Azûrâ.

9. And Cain took ’Âwân his sister to be his wife and she bare him Enoch[8]fn150 Cf. Gen. iv. 17. at *190-196 A.M.* the close of the fourth jubilee. And in the first year of the first week of the fifth jubilee, houses were built *197 A.M.* on the earth, and Cain built a city, and called its name after the name of his son Enoch.

10. And Adam knew Eve his wife and she bare yet nine sons.[9]fn151 Pseudo-Philo, Bibl. Antiq., gives the names of these nine sons. *225-231 A.M.* 

11. And in the fifth week of the fifth jubilee Seth took ’Azûrâ his sister to be his wife, and in the fourth *235 A.M.* (year of the sixth week) she bare him Enos.[10]fn152 Cf. Gen. iv. 26.

12. He[11]fn153 So LXX and Vulg.; but MT “then it was begun (men began).” began to call on the name of the Lord on the earth.

(ii) (Ch.4:13-33) The Patriarchs from Adam to Noah; Life of Enoch; Death of Adam and Gain *309-315 A.M.

13.[12]fn154 For 13-14 cf. Gen. v. 9, 12. And in the seventh jubilee in the third week Enos took Nôâm his sister to be his wife, and she bare*325 A.M.* him a son in the third year of the fifth week, and he called his name Kenan.

14. And at the close of the*386-392 A.M.*  eighth jubilee Kenan took Mûalêlêth[13]fn155 A fem. form = “she who praises God.” his sister to be his wife, and she bare him a son in the ninth jubilee,*395 A.M.*  in the first week in the third year of this week, and*449-455 A.M.*  he called his name Mahalalel.

15. And in the second week of the tenth jubilee Mahalalel took unto him to wife Dînâh, the daughter of Barâkî’êl the daughter of his father’s brother, and she bare him a son in the third*461 A.M.*  week in the sixth year, and he called his name Jared;[14]fn156 Cf. Gen. v. 15. for in his days the angels of the Lord descended on p. 53 the earth,[15]fn157 This last line looks like a quotation from 1 Enoch vi. 6 (“who descended in the days of Jared”). Note the play in Hebrew on the name Jared (yāred) and “descended” (Heb. yārĕdû). … Continue reading those who are named the Watchers,[16]fn158 This name is given to angels in Dan. iv. 13, 17, 23; in 1 Enoch it is applied especially to the fallen angels (cf. 1 Enoch i. 5, x. 9, 15 and often). that they should instruct the children of men,[17]fn159 This statement is interesting. It describes what was probably the original commission by God to the angelic watchers, who, however, fell when they descended to the earth. According to 1 Enoch, … Continue reading and that they should do judgment and uprightness on the earth.

16. And in the eleventh jubilee Jared took to himself*512-518 A.M.*  a wife, and her name was Bâraka, the daughter of Râsûjâl, a daughter of his father’s brother, in the fourth week of this jubilee, and she bare him a son in the fifth week, in the fourth year of the jubilee,*522 A.M.*  and he called his name Enoch.[18]fn160 Cf. Gen. v. 18. 

17. And he[19]fn161 The passage that follows about Enoch (17-23) implies knowledge on the part of the author of Enochic writings. Charles infers that these were 1 Enoch vi-xvi., xxiii.-xxxvi., and lxxii.-xc. was the first among men that are born on earth who learnt writing and knowledge and wisdom[20]fn162 Cf. the phrase “Scribe of righteousness” applied to Enoch in 1 Enoch xii. 4, xv . 1. and who wrote down the signs of heaven according to the order of their months in a book,[21]fn163 Probably a reference to 1 Enoch lxxii.-lxxxii. (“The Book of the courses of the Heavenly Luminaries “). that men might know the seasons of the years according to the order of their separate months.

18. And he was the first to write a testimony, and he testified to the sons of men among the generations of the earth, and recounted the weeks of the jubilees, and made known to them the days of the years,[22]fn164 There is nothing in 1 or 2 Enoch about “jubilees,” etc. This statement is probably due solely to the author of Jubilees, who wished to invest the institution with a spurious antiquity. and set in order the months and recounted p. 54 the Sabbaths of the years as we made (them) known to him.

19. And what was and what will be he saw in a vision[23]fn165 The reference is probably to the “Dream-Visions” (1 Enoch lxxxiii.-xc.). of his sleep, as it will happen to the children of men throughout their generations until the day of judgment; he[24]fn166 i. e. Enoch. The writings of Enoch are mentioned elsewhere (1 Enoch, Test. XII. Patriarchs). saw and understood everything, and wrote his testimony, and placed the testimony on earth for all the children of men and*582-588 A.M.*  for their generations.

20. And in the twelfth jubilee, in the seventh week thereof, he took to himself a wife, and her name was Ednî,[25]fn167 Edna in 1 Enoch lxxxv. 3. the daughter of Dânêl,*587 A.M.*  the daughter of his father’s brother, and in the sixth year in this week she bare him a son and he called his name Methuselah.[26]fn168 Cf. Gen. V. 21. 

21. And he was moreover with the angels of God these six jubilees of years, and they showed him everything which is on earth[27]fn169 1 Enoch xxiii.-xxxvi. and in the heavens, the rule of the sun, and he wrote down everything.

22. And he testified to the Watchers, who had sinned with the daughters of men; for these had begun to unite themselves, so as to be defiled, with the daughters of men, and Enoch testified against (them) all.

23. And he was taken from amongst the children of men, and we conducted him into the Garden of Eden[28]fn170 Cf. 1 Enoch lxx. 1-3. in majesty and honour, and behold there he writeth down the condemnation and judgment of the world, and all the wickedness of the children of men.[29]fn171 Cf. 1 Enoch xii. 3 f., xiv. i. The title (“Scribe of the Knowledge of the Most High”) is conferred upon Ezra in 4 Ezra xiv. 50 (Syriac text). 

24. And on account of it (God) brought the waters of the flood[30]fn172 Cf. 2 Enoch xxxiv. 3. upon all the land of Eden; for there he was set as a sign and that he should testify against all the children of men, that he should recount all the deeds of the generations until the day of p. 55 condemnation.[31]fn173 Cf. x. 17. 

25. And he burnt the incense of the sanctuary, (even) sweet spices,[32]fn174 Cf. Exod. xxx. 7. acceptable before the Lord on the Mount.

26. For the Lord hath four places[33]fn175 Three of these places are connected with critical events in the history of the world; Eden (with Adam), Sinai (with Moses), Zion (with David). on the earth, the Garden of Eden, and the Mount of the East,[34]fn176 The exact identification is uncertain; possibly the mount above Eden, where the Scthites live, is meant. Other suggestions are Mt. Ephraim, which would imply a Samaritan authorship, and Lubar, … Continue reading and this mountain on which thou art this day, Mount Sinai, and Mount Zion (which) will be sanctified in the new creation for a sanctification of the earth; through it will the earth be sanctified from all (its) guilt and its uncleanness throughout the generations of the world.[35]fn177 Cf. i. 29. 

27. And in the fourteenth*652 A.M.* jubilee Methuselah took unto himself a wife, Ednâ the daughter of ’Âzrîâl, the daughter of his father’s brother, in the third week, in the first year of this week, and he begat a son and called his name Lamech.[36]fn178 Cf. Gen. v. 25. 

28. And in the fifteenth jubilee in the third week*701-707 A.M.*  Lamech took to himself a wife, and her name was Bêtênôs the daughter of Bârâkî’îl, the daughter of his father’s brother, and in this week she bare him a son and he called his name Noah, saying, “This one will comfort me for my trouble and all my work, and for the ground which the Lord hath cursed.”[37]fn179 Cf. Gen. v. 29. 

29. And at the close of the nineteenth jubilee, in the seventh week in the sixth year thereof, Adam died, and all*930 A.M.*  his sons buried him in the land of his creation,[38]fn180 Cf. iii. 32. and he was the first to be buried[39]fn181 This implies the view that Abel’s body was not buried before Adam’s. According to Pirḳe de R. Eliezer (xxi.), Adam was at first uncertain what to do, but then buried Abel’s corpse. in the earth.

30. And he lacked seventy years of one thousand years; for one thousand years are as one day in the testimony p. 56 of the heavens and therefore was it written concerning the tree of knowledge: “On the day that ye eat thereof ye will die.”[40]fn182 Cf. Gen. ii. 14. Notice that “day” here is interpreted as = 1000 years–a belief early current among Jews and Christians (cf. Ber. rabba xix. on Gen. iii. 8), 2 Pet. iii. 8. Justin … Continue reading For this reason he did not complete the years of this day; for he died during it.

31. At the close of this jubilee Cain was killed after him in the same year; for his house fell upon him and he died in the midst of his house, and he was killed by its stones, for with a stone he had killed Abel, and by a stone was he killed in righteous judgment.

32. For this reason it was ordained on the heavenly tables: “With the instrument with which a man killeth his neighbour with the same shall he be killed; after the manner that he wounded him, in like manner shall they deal with him.”[41]fn183 The lex talionis; cf. Exod. xxi. 24 (“eye for eye, tooth for tooth”); Lev. xxiv. 19. Similar examples are given in 2 Macc. v. 19 f., xv. 32 f. The rigorous application of this “law” … Continue reading 

33. And in*1205 A.M.*  the twenty-fifth jubilee Noah took to himself a wife, and her name was ’Ĕmzârâ, the daughter of Râkê’êl, the daughter of his father’s brother, in the first year*1207 A.M.*  in the fifth week: and in the third year thereof she*1209 A.M.*  bare him Shem, in the fifth year thereof she bare him*1212 A.M.*  Ham, and in the first year in the sixth week she bare him Japheth.[42]fn184 Cf. Gen. V. 22. Note that Shem is represented as the eldest; cf. Gen. x. 21 (R.V.).


References

References
1 Ch.4:1-12 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub16.htm | Ch.4:13-33 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub17.htm
2 fn144 i.e. “iniquity” (Heb. ’āwen). Another daughter, ’Azûrâ (= “well guarded”), was born later. Cain married ’Âwân and Seth ’Azûrâ. There is great divergence as to these names in later writers . According to Pirḳe de R. Eliezer, Cain’s wife was his twin-sister (xxi.).
3 fn145 Cf. Gen. iv. 4, 5, 8, 10.
4 fn146 Cf. Gen. iv. 11-12.
5 fn147 Cf. Deut. xxvii. 24.
6 fn148 So Sam.; but MT “she.” In our Book it is generally the father who names the child.
7 fn149 Cf. Gen. iv. 25.
8 fn150 Cf. Gen. iv. 17.
9 fn151 Pseudo-Philo, Bibl. Antiq., gives the names of these nine sons.
10 fn152 Cf. Gen. iv. 26.
11 fn153 So LXX and Vulg.; but MT “then it was begun (men began).”
12 fn154 For 13-14 cf. Gen. v. 9, 12.
13 fn155 A fem. form = “she who praises God.”
14 fn156 Cf. Gen. v. 15.
15 fn157 This last line looks like a quotation from 1 Enoch vi. 6 (“who descended in the days of Jared”). Note the play in Hebrew on the name Jared (yāred) and “descended” (Heb. yārĕdû). The myth of the descent of the angels was based on Gen. vi. 1-4, but was rejected by the Rabbis, who rendered “sons of God” (i. e. angels) “sons of the judges.”
16 fn158 This name is given to angels in Dan. iv. 13, 17, 23; in 1 Enoch it is applied especially to the fallen angels (cf. 1 Enoch i. 5, x. 9, 15 and often).
17 fn159 This statement is interesting. It describes what was probably the original commission by God to the angelic watchers, who, however, fell when they descended to the earth. According to 1 Enoch, Enoch acquired his supernatural knowledge from the instruction of angels.
18 fn160 Cf. Gen. v. 18.
19 fn161 The passage that follows about Enoch (17-23) implies knowledge on the part of the author of Enochic writings. Charles infers that these were 1 Enoch vi-xvi., xxiii.-xxxvi., and lxxii.-xc.
20 fn162 Cf. the phrase “Scribe of righteousness” applied to Enoch in 1 Enoch xii. 4, xv . 1.
21 fn163 Probably a reference to 1 Enoch lxxii.-lxxxii. (“The Book of the courses of the Heavenly Luminaries “).
22 fn164 There is nothing in 1 or 2 Enoch about “jubilees,” etc. This statement is probably due solely to the author of Jubilees, who wished to invest the institution with a spurious antiquity.
23 fn165 The reference is probably to the “Dream-Visions” (1 Enoch lxxxiii.-xc.).
24 fn166 i. e. Enoch. The writings of Enoch are mentioned elsewhere (1 Enoch, Test. XII. Patriarchs).
25 fn167 Edna in 1 Enoch lxxxv. 3.
26 fn168 Cf. Gen. V. 21.
27 fn169 1 Enoch xxiii.-xxxvi.
28 fn170 Cf. 1 Enoch lxx. 1-3.
29 fn171 Cf. 1 Enoch xii. 3 f., xiv. i. The title (“Scribe of the Knowledge of the Most High”) is conferred upon Ezra in 4 Ezra xiv. 50 (Syriac text).
30 fn172 Cf. 2 Enoch xxxiv. 3.
31 fn173 Cf. x. 17.
32 fn174 Cf. Exod. xxx. 7.
33 fn175 Three of these places are connected with critical events in the history of the world; Eden (with Adam), Sinai (with Moses), Zion (with David).
34 fn176 The exact identification is uncertain; possibly the mount above Eden, where the Scthites live, is meant. Other suggestions are Mt. Ephraim, which would imply a Samaritan authorship, and Lubar, on Ararat, which would connect well with the history of Noah.
35 fn177 Cf. i. 29.
36 fn178 Cf. Gen. v. 25.
37 fn179 Cf. Gen. v. 29.
38 fn180 Cf. iii. 32.
39 fn181 This implies the view that Abel’s body was not buried before Adam’s. According to Pirḳe de R. Eliezer (xxi.), Adam was at first uncertain what to do, but then buried Abel’s corpse.
40 fn182 Cf. Gen. ii. 14. Notice that “day” here is interpreted as = 1000 years–a belief early current among Jews and Christians (cf. Ber. rabba xix. on Gen. iii. 8), 2 Pet. iii. 8. Justin Martyr, Trypho. lxxxi; cf. also Pirḳe de R. Eliezer xviii.
41 fn183 The lex talionis; cf. Exod. xxi. 24 (“eye for eye, tooth for tooth”); Lev. xxiv. 19. Similar examples are given in 2 Macc. v. 19 f., xv. 32 f. The rigorous application of this “law” was upheld by the Sadducees, as against the Pharisees.
42 fn184 Cf. Gen. V. 22. Note that Shem is represented as the eldest; cf. Gen. x. 21 (R.V.).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *