|AM or A.M||2450 A.M. (A.M. = Anno Mundi)|
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Anno Mundi (Latin for “in the year of the world”; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם, “to the creation of the world”), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. (wikipedia.org)will be displayed in this manner: *2450 A.M.*
(i) (Ch.1:1-26) God’s Revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai (cf. Ex. 24:15-18).
1. And it came to pass in the first year of the *2450 A.M.* exodus of the children of Israel out of Egypt, in the third month,2)fn34 Cf. Exod. xix. i. on the sixteenth day of the month, that God spake to Moses, saying: “Come up to Me on the Mount, and I will give thee two tables of stone of the law and of the commandment, which I have written, that thou mayst teach them.”3)fn35 Cf. Exod. xxiv. 12.
2. And Moses went up into the mount of God, and the glory of the Lord abode on Mount Sinai, and a cloud overshadowed it six days.
3. And He called to Moses on p. 36 the seventh day out of the midst of the cloud, and the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a flaming fire on the top of the Mount.
4. And Moses was on the Mount forty days and forty nights, and God taught him the earlier and the later history4)fn36 Cf. i. 26. According to the Jewish Midrash, also, God showed Moses “all the generations that should arise,” as well as “all the minutiæ of the Law” (Shemoth rabb. xl.; Megilla 19b). of the division of all the days of the law and of the testimony.
5. And He said: “Incline thine heart to every word which I shall speak to thee on this Mount, and write them5)fn37 Cf. Exod. xxxiv. 27. in a book in order that their generations may see how I have not forsaken them for all the evil which they have wrought in transgressing the covenant which I establish between Me and thee for their generations this day on Mount Sinai.
6. And thus it will come to pass when all these things come upon them,6)fn38 Cf. Deut. xxx. 1. that they will recognize that I am more righteous than they in all their judgements and in all their actions, and they will recognize that I have been truly with them.
7. And do thou write for thyself7)fn39 Cf. i. 27. all these words which I declare unto thee this day, for I know their rebellion and their stiff neck,8)fn40 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 27. before I bring them into the land of which I sware to their fathers, to Abraham and to Isaac and to Jacob, saying: “Unto your seed will I give a land flowing with milk and honey.
8. And they will eat and be satisfied, and they will turn to strange gods, to (gods) which cannot deliver them from aught of their tribulation: “and this witness shall be heard for a witness against them.9)fn41 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 20.
9. For they will forget all My commandments, (even) all that I command them, and they will walk after the Gentiles, and after their uncleanness, and after their shame, and will serve their gods, and these will prove unto them an offence and a tribulation and an affliction and a snare.10)fn42 Cf. Exod. xxiii. 33.
10. And p. 37 many will perish and they will be taken captive,11)fn43 N. Israel is referred to. and will fall into the hands of the enemy, because they have forsaken My ordinances and My commandments, and the festivals of My covenant, and My sabbaths, and My holy place12)fn44 i. e. the Temple in Jerusalem. which I have hallowed for Myself in their midst, and My tabernacle,13)fn45 The Tabernacle is apparently thought of as still in existence (in Jerusalem) during the time of the monarchy. and My sanctuary, which I have hallowed for Myself in the midst of the land, that I should set My name upon it, and that it should dwell (there).
11. And they14)fn46 i. e. Judah. will make to themselves high places and groves and graven images,15)fn47 Cf. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 3 ff. and they will worship, each his own (graven image), so as to go astray, and they will sacrifice their children to demons,16)fn48 Cf. 2 Chron. xxviii. 3, xxxiii. 6. and to all the works of the error of their hearts.
12. And I will send witnesses unto them, that I may witness against them, but they will not hear,17)fn49 Cf. 2 Chron. xxiv. 19. and will slay18)fn50 Cf. Matt. xxiii. 34. the witnesses also, and they will persecute those who seek the law, and they will abrogate and change everything so as to work evil before My eyes.
13. And I shall hide My face from them, and I shall deliver them into the hand of the Gentiles for captivity, and for a prey, and for devouring,19)fn51 Cf. 2 Kings xxi. 14. and I shall remove them from the midst of the land, and I shall scatter20)fn52 Cf. Deut. iv. 27, xxviii. 64. them amongst the Gentiles.
14. And they will forget all My law and all My commandments and all My judgements, and will go astray as to new moons, and sabbaths, and festivals, and jubilees, and ordinances.
15. And after this they will turn to Me21)fn53 Cf. Deut. iv. 30. from amongst the Gentiles with all their heart and with all their soul and with all their strength, and I shall gather them from amongst all the Gentiles,22)fn54 Cf. Jer. xxix. 14. and they will seek Me, so that I shall be found of them, when they seek Me p. 38 with all their heart and with all their soul.
16. And I shall disclose to them abounding peace with righteousness, and I shall †remove them the plant of uprightness†,23)fn55 The obelized words are corrupt. Charles suggests reading “And I will plant them the plant of uprightness in the land.” with all My heart and with all My soul,24)fn56 Cf. Jer. xxxii. 41. and they will be for a blessing and not for a curse,25)fn57 Cf. Zech. viii. 13. and they will be the head and not the tail.26)fn58 Cf. Deut. xxviii. 13.
17. And I shall build My sanctuary27)fn59 i. e. the second Temple. in their midst, and I shall dwell with them, and I shall be their God and they will be My people28)fn60 Cf. Lev. xxvi. 12 and often. in truth and righteousness.
18. And I shall not forsake them nor fail them;29)fn61 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 6. for I am the Lord their God.”
19. And Moses fell on his face and prayed and said, “O Lord my God, do not forsake Thy people and Thy inheritance,30)fn62 Cf. Deut. ix. 26. so that they should wander in the error of their hearts, and do not deliver them into the hands of their enemies, the Gentiles, lest they should rule over them and cause them to sin against Thee.
20. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be lifted up upon Thy people, and create in them an upright spirit,31)fn63 Cf. Ps. li. 10. and let not the spirit of Beliar32)fn64 Beliar (Belial) is here, as in the Ascension of Isaiah (see Introduction to that work), a Satanic being, apparently “the prince of the devils.” rule over them to accuse them before Thee, and to ensnare them from all the paths of righteousness, so that they may perish from before Thy face.
21. But they are Thy people and Thy inheritance, which Thou hast delivered with Thy great power33)fn65 Cf. Deut. ix. 29. from the hands of the Egyptians: create in them a clean heart and a holy Spirit,34)fn66 Cf. Ps. li. 10 (and ver. 20 above). and let them not be ensnared in their sins from henceforth until eternity.”
22. And the Lord said unto Moses: “I know their contrariness and their thoughts and their stiff-neckedness,35)fn67 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 27. and they will not be obedient till they confess their own sin and the sin of their p. 39 fathers.36)fn68 Cf. Lev. xxvi. 40.
23. And after this they will turn to Me in all uprightness and with all (their) heart and with all (their) soul, and I shall circumcise the foreskin of their heart37)fn69 Cf. Deut. x. 16, xxx. 6. and the foreskin of the heart of their seed, and I shall create in them a holy spirit, and I shall cleanse them so that they shall not turn away from Me from that day unto eternity.
24. And their souls will cleave to Me and to all My commandments, and they will fulfil My commandments, and I shall be their Father and they will be My children.
25. And they will all be called children of the living God,38)fn70 Cf. Hos. i. 10. and every angel and every spirit will know, yea, they will know that these are My children, and that I am their Father in uprightness and righteousness, and that I love them.
26. And do thou write down for thyself all these words39)fn71 Viz. those contained in our Book (the Book of Jubilees) as distinguished from the Book of the First Law (vi. 22 = the Pentateuch), which was written by the angel himself. which I declare unto thee on this mountain, the first and the last, which shall come to pass in all the divisions of the days in the law and in the testimony and in the weeks and the jubilees unto eternity, until I descend and dwell with them40)fn72 viz. in the perfect theocracy inaugurated by the Messianic Kingdom. throughout eternity.”
(ii) (Ch.1:27-29) God commands the Angel to write.
27. And He said to the angel of the presence:41)fn73 Cf. Isa. lxiii. 9; Test. XII. Patr., Judah 25: probably Michael is meant. Note that the medium of communication is an angel, and cf. Gal. iii. 19 (” The Law . . . ordained through angels”). Later Judaism rejected this idea. “Write42)fn74 i. e. not the Pentateuch, “but a history up to the Messianic Kingdom” (Charles, in Oxford Corpus). for Moses from the beginning of creation till My sanctuary has been built among them for all eternity.
28.43)fn75 Read this ver. after ver. 25. And the Lord will appear to the eyes p. 40 of all,44)fn76 Cf. Rev. i. 7 (in the final theophany). and all will know that I am the God of Israel and the Father of all the children of Jacob,45)fn77 Cf. i. 24; Jer. xxxi. i. and King on Mount Zion46)fn78 Cf. Isa. xxiv. 23. for all eternity. And Zion and Jerusalem will be holy.”
29. And the angel of the presence who went before the camp of Israel47)fn79 Cf. Exod. xiv. 19. took the tables of the divisions of the years48)fn80 From these the angel dictates to Moses (who writes) the Book of Jubilees.–from the time of the creation–of the law and of the testimony of the weeks, of the jubilees, according to the individual years, according to all the number of the jubilees [according to the individual years], from the day of the [new] creation †when† the heavens49)fn81 Text corrupt. Read “from the day of creation, till the heavens.” and the earth shall be renewed and all their creation according to the powers of the heaven, and according to all the creation of the earth, until the sanctuary of the Lord shall be made in Jerusalem50)fn82 i. e. in the Messianic Kingdom. on Mount Zion, and all the luminaries be renewed for healing51)fn83 Cf. Rev. xxii. 2. and for peace and for blessing for all the elect of Israel, and that thus it may be from that day and unto all the days of the earth.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||Ch.1:1-26 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub12.htm | Ch.1:27-29 see http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/jub/jub13.htm|
|2.||↑||fn34 Cf. Exod. xix. i.|
|3.||↑||fn35 Cf. Exod. xxiv. 12.|
|4.||↑||fn36 Cf. i. 26. According to the Jewish Midrash, also, God showed Moses “all the generations that should arise,” as well as “all the minutiæ of the Law” (Shemoth rabb. xl.; Megilla 19b).|
|5.||↑||fn37 Cf. Exod. xxxiv. 27.|
|6.||↑||fn38 Cf. Deut. xxx. 1.|
|7.||↑||fn39 Cf. i. 27.|
|8.||↑||fn40 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 27.|
|9.||↑||fn41 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 20.|
|10.||↑||fn42 Cf. Exod. xxiii. 33.|
|11.||↑||fn43 N. Israel is referred to.|
|12.||↑||fn44 i. e. the Temple in Jerusalem.|
|13.||↑||fn45 The Tabernacle is apparently thought of as still in existence (in Jerusalem) during the time of the monarchy.|
|14.||↑||fn46 i. e. Judah.|
|15.||↑||fn47 Cf. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 3 ff.|
|16.||↑||fn48 Cf. 2 Chron. xxviii. 3, xxxiii. 6.|
|17.||↑||fn49 Cf. 2 Chron. xxiv. 19.|
|18.||↑||fn50 Cf. Matt. xxiii. 34.|
|19.||↑||fn51 Cf. 2 Kings xxi. 14.|
|20.||↑||fn52 Cf. Deut. iv. 27, xxviii. 64.|
|21.||↑||fn53 Cf. Deut. iv. 30.|
|22.||↑||fn54 Cf. Jer. xxix. 14.|
|23.||↑||fn55 The obelized words are corrupt. Charles suggests reading “And I will plant them the plant of uprightness in the land.”|
|24.||↑||fn56 Cf. Jer. xxxii. 41.|
|25.||↑||fn57 Cf. Zech. viii. 13.|
|26.||↑||fn58 Cf. Deut. xxviii. 13.|
|27.||↑||fn59 i. e. the second Temple.|
|28.||↑||fn60 Cf. Lev. xxvi. 12 and often.|
|29.||↑||fn61 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 6.|
|30.||↑||fn62 Cf. Deut. ix. 26.|
|31.||↑||fn63 Cf. Ps. li. 10.|
|32.||↑||fn64 Beliar (Belial) is here, as in the Ascension of Isaiah (see Introduction to that work), a Satanic being, apparently “the prince of the devils.”|
|33.||↑||fn65 Cf. Deut. ix. 29.|
|34.||↑||fn66 Cf. Ps. li. 10 (and ver. 20 above).|
|35.||↑||fn67 Cf. Deut. xxxi. 27.|
|36.||↑||fn68 Cf. Lev. xxvi. 40.|
|37.||↑||fn69 Cf. Deut. x. 16, xxx. 6.|
|38.||↑||fn70 Cf. Hos. i. 10.|
|39.||↑||fn71 Viz. those contained in our Book (the Book of Jubilees) as distinguished from the Book of the First Law (vi. 22 = the Pentateuch), which was written by the angel himself.|
|40.||↑||fn72 viz. in the perfect theocracy inaugurated by the Messianic Kingdom.|
|41.||↑||fn73 Cf. Isa. lxiii. 9; Test. XII. Patr., Judah 25: probably Michael is meant. Note that the medium of communication is an angel, and cf. Gal. iii. 19 (” The Law . . . ordained through angels”). Later Judaism rejected this idea.|
|42.||↑||fn74 i. e. not the Pentateuch, “but a history up to the Messianic Kingdom” (Charles, in Oxford Corpus).|
|43.||↑||fn75 Read this ver. after ver. 25.|
|44.||↑||fn76 Cf. Rev. i. 7 (in the final theophany).|
|45.||↑||fn77 Cf. i. 24; Jer. xxxi. i.|
|46.||↑||fn78 Cf. Isa. xxiv. 23.|
|47.||↑||fn79 Cf. Exod. xiv. 19.|
|48.||↑||fn80 From these the angel dictates to Moses (who writes) the Book of Jubilees.|
|49.||↑||fn81 Text corrupt. Read “from the day of creation, till the heavens.”|
|50.||↑||fn82 i. e. in the Messianic Kingdom.|
|51.||↑||fn83 Cf. Rev. xxii. 2.|