[2:14] 1 Enoch, Leonhard Rost writes.


“The Apocalypse of Ten Weeks in chapters 93 and 91:12-17 is at least as early as the Book of Noah [second century B.C.?] and possibly even earlier. It may originally have been limited to seven weeks and later expanded. J. P. Thronton has suggested that it is a secret history of the Qumran sect. If so, the conclusion, at least, would be somewhat later. The commonly accepted view, however, finds no mention of the Maccabean period; rather, it concludes that the number of apostates imply that only a certain righteous individuals are elected to enjoy the age of salvation that follows directly. This theory would date the Apocalypse of Ten Weeks prior to the Maccabean period, in other words around 170 B.C. The Apocalypse of the Animals (85-90) contains an account of history from Adam to the Hasmoneans and concludes with a vision of the messianic age. The figures belonging to the primal history, like the figure of the Messiah, are symbolized by bulls; the figures of the patriarchs and their descendants down to the Hasmonean period are represented by sheep; their opponents are symbolized by wolves and other wild beasts. The section is the second earliest. Depending on whether it concludes with Judas Maccabeus or ends with John Hyrcanus or even Alexander Jannaeus, it belongs to the middle or end of the second century, or to the first quarter of the first century B.C.”

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