The Gospel According to Peter and the Revelation of Peter

Title:  The Gospel According to Peter and the Revelation of Peter

Non Canonized Sacred Text

Note: Two Lectures on The Newly Recovered Fragments Together with The Greek Texts by J. Armitage Robinson B.D. Fellow and Assistant Tutor of Christs College and Montague Rhodes James M.A. Fellow and Dean of Kings College

Published: London: C. J. Clay and Sons, Cambridge University Press Warehouse, Aye Maria Lane. 1892

(PDF File Size: 3.0 mb) 106 pages

Our Ref: ECST: 022

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Outline[1] The Apocalypse of Peter (or Revelation of Peter) is an early Christian text of the 2nd century and an example of apocalyptic literature with Hellenistic overtones. It is not in the Bible, but is mentioned in the Muratorian fragment, the oldest surviving list of New Testament books, which also states it was not allowed to be read in church by others. The text is extant in two incomplete versions of a lost Greek original, one Koine Greek, and an Ethiopic version, which diverge considerably. As compiled by William MacComber and others, the number of Ethiopic manuscripts of this same work continue to grow. The Ethiopic work is of colossal size and post-conciliar provenance, and therefore in any of its variations it has minimal intertextuality with the Apocalypse of Peter which is known in Greek texts.

The Greek manuscript was unknown until it was discovered during excavations directed by Sylvain Grébaut during the 1886–87 season in a desert necropolis at Akhmim in Upper Egypt. The fragment consisted of parchment leaves of the Greek version that was claimed to be deposited in the grave of a Christian monk of the 8th or 9th century. The manuscript is in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. The Ethiopic version was discovered in 1910.

Before that, the work had been known only through copious quotations in early Christian writings. In addition, some common lost source had been necessary to account for closely parallel passages in such apocalyptic Christian literature as the Apocalypse of Esdras, the Apocalypse of Paul, and the Passion of Saint Perpetua.




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