A Strain of Sodom, background information.

Early Christian Writings

Title: [Cyprianus Gallus:] Carmen de Sodoma / Sodom


From: (tertullian.org)

Ante-Nicene Fathers

Τὰ ἀρχαῖα ἔθη κρατείτω. The Nicene Council

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By: Roger Pearse  

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This poem of 167 hexameters was first published by Morel in 1560.  It is found in some manuscripts (Paris Latinus 14758) under the name of Cyprian and in others (Paris Lat. 2772, s.IX) under the name of Tertullian.  The text discusses the destruction of the wicked cities, Lot’s wife’s transformation into a pillar of salt, and the conduct of God in each case.


• A: Codex Laudun. 279.  f. 3r: “Incipit uersus Cipriani de Sodoma”.  Not present in the twin codex, cod. Laudunensem 273.

• R: Codex Parisinus Latinus 14758 (once St. Victor 380). s. XIII. “Incipiunt uersus Cipriani de Sodoma”.  Morelius edited this poem for the first time from this codex.  See also R. Peiper, Aviti opera, pp. liii and lviiii. 

• P: Codex Parisinus Latinus 2772 (Colbertinus). s. X.  f.71r-75: “opusculum Tertuliani de excidio Sodomae et Ninue”. (codex contains also many other poems).  (Details PEIPER, p. xviii).

p: The ‘Codex Pithoeus’, from which Iuretus (ad Paulin. Petric, 1585) edited De Iona and De Nineve for the first time under the name of Tertullian.  This MS seems to have been a poor copy of P.

V: Codex Lugduno-Batavus Voss. lat. Q 86 membr. s. VIIII.  f.81v-85v: in christi nomine incipit dictatus tertuliani metrica arte constricius in primis de incendio Sodomorum. — de Sodomis explicitum. de Iona. — de Iona explicitum. finit.  This is the codex listed in the old catalogue of Cluny, as #526: “Volumen in quo continentur Inuencus, Sedulius, Arator, Prosper, quoddam metrum Tertuliani, Cato….”.  Used by L. Mueller, Mus. Rhen. 22 (1867), p. 328ff.

: Codex Parisinus 8321 (Colbertinus).  Not seen by Peiper (p.xix).



J.-P. MIGNEPatrologia Latina 2 (1844), cols. 1159-1162.  Text and commentary.  [Check this]

F. OEHLERTertulliani Opera Quae Supersunt, t. II, Lipsiae (1851-3), pp. [??]

W. HARTELCSEL 3,3. Vienna (1871) 289-301 (Ps. Cyprian).  Not checked. (Details from Quasten 4 p.316.  Combined edition with De Iona).

R. PEIPER, CSEL 23. Vienna (1891), pp. 212-226.  Not checked. (Details from Quasten 4 p.316.  Combined edition with De Iona).



S. THELWALL,  ANF 4 (1885), 129-132Checked. Online.


P. ALLIXQ. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani. Vita auctore P. Allix. in F. OEHLER, Tertulliani Opera Quae Supersunt, t. III, Lipsiae (1853), 37-78, esp. p.78.  Checked.  Ch. X deals with Tertullian’s spuria; a single paragraph discusses De Sodoma and De Iona.

L. MÜLLERZu Tertullians Gedichten de Sodoma und de Iona, Rhein. Mus. N.F. 22. Jahrg. (1867), pp.329-344 & 464. (Details from Bibliotheca Scriptorum Classicorum, p.666).

M. HAUPTVaria (On Ad Martyras 1); Coniectanea (On De Sodoma 5, 14), Hermes. Zeitschrift für Classische Philologie 5 (1871) pp. 191, 316

L. MÜLLERZu dem Gedict de Sodoma, Ebenda 27. Bd. (1872), p.486-488. Not checked. (Details from Bibliotheca Scriptorum Classicorum, p.666).

H. BREWERÜber den Heptateuchdicter Cyprian und die Caena Cypriani: Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie, Innsbruck: 23 (1904), 92-115.  Not checked.  (Details from Quasten 4, p.317).

W. HASSStudien zum Heptateuchdicter Cyprian: Berlin (1912).  Not checked.  (Details from Quasten 4, p.317).

O. FERRARIIntorno alle fonti del poema di Cl. M. Vittore: Did. 1 (1912), pp. 57-74.  Not checked.  (Details from Quasten 4, p.317).

M. DANDOAlcimus Avitus as the author of the De Resurrectione Mortuorum, De pascha (De Cruce), De Sodoma and De Jona formerly attributed to Tertullian and Cyprian, Classica et Mediev. 26 (1967), pp. 258-275.  Not checked.  (Details from Quasten 4, p.317).

A. RONCORONIL’epica lirica di Avito di Vienna: VetChr. 9 (1972) pp. 303-329.   Not checked.  (Details from Quasten 4, p.317).

Josep. M. ESCOLÀ TUSETCuestiones varias sobre los Carmina Pseudocyprianea, q.v. (2000)

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