This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of religious, environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material; the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. For purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
Written in a time of persecution; perhaps 203/204. Christians are dying, yet there are voices insinuating that it is all ‘unnecessary’. Gnostic heretics – mostly Valentinians – are attempting to weaken the determination of believers to resist by finding forms of words that will ‘allow’ people to sacrifice. To Tertullian, such activity is like a fatal scorpion-bite, murdering the faithful. He discusses the issue in the light of scripture, and constructs an antidote.
OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST
This work is preserved only in these sources:
• The Codex Agobardinus (s.IX) – (A)
• The Codex Montiscasinensis 384, saec. IX-X. This contains only a short excerpt, of which details were given by d’Alès.
Optatus of Milevis in the 4th century must have been familiar with the work, since after mentioning Ebion where he should refer to Praxeas, he mistakenly refers to the ‘heretic Scorpian, who maintained that there ought to be no martyrdom.’ (Contra Donatistas, IV, 5; p.190 of online translation).
TITLE VARIATIONSrefer: http://www.tertullian.org/manuscripts/title_variations.htm
|INCIPIT SCORPIACE LEGE FELICITER||Agobardinus (A)|
|contra Gnosticos Scorpiacum||Mesnart (B)|
• [Note: I need to add some biblio, from l’Annee Phil. for the years 1954-1974 and from CTC after that].
• F. OEHLER, Tertulliani quae supersunt omnia, vol. 1 (1853), p.495 ff. Checked. Extensive marginal notes. (Personal copy)
• A. REIFFERSCHEID-G. WISSOWA, CSEL 20 (1890) 144-179. Checked. Text online.
• A. REIFFERSCHEID-G. WISSOWA, CCSL 2 (1954) 1067-1097. Checked. Reprint of CSEL.
• Giovanna AZZALI BERNARDELLI, Tertulliano, Scorpiace, Firenze : Nardini (1990) 338 p. (Biblioteca patristica 14). A full critical edition based on a re-examination of the Agobardinus which has made real discoveries about the text. However these are signalled mostly in the apparatus, rather than the text which is mostly that of Reifferscheid and Wissowa. (Details from CTC 90,3 (p.342-344 of collection)). Checked. (Personal copy)
• S. THELWALL, ANCL 11 (1869), 379-415; ANF 3 (1885), 633-648. Checked. Online.
• Geoffrey DUNN, Tertullian, The Early Church Fathers, London/New York:Routledge (2004). pp.105-134. Checked.
• A. DE GENOUDE, Le Scorpiâque, ou Antidote contre la morsure des Scorpions. Oeuvres de Tertullien2, Paris (1852). t. 3, pp.137-175. Checked.
• H. KELLNER-G. ESSER, Scorpiace oder Arznei gegen den Skorpionstich, BKV2 24 (1915), pp. 183-229. Online.
• H. U. MEYBOOM, Tegen de schorpioensteek (Oudchristel. geschr., dl. 43). Leiden, 1930.
• G. AZZALI BERNARDELLI, loc. cit. (1990)
• László VANYÓ &c, Tertullianus muvei (The works of Tertullian), Budapest: Szent István Társulat (1986) 1100pp. (Ókeresztény frók 12). (Details CTC 2002.75). The older translations of István Városi (Pat, Apol, Orat, Ux, Cult) and Marcell Mosolygó (Mart) have been recycled; the rest are new.
• P. VINCENEUX, Les adversaires du martyre. Étude sur le Scorpiaque de Tertullien, Diss. Faculté de théologie catholique de Lyon (1899), 64 p. Study of the text. (Details from CTC 90.3, p.342 of collected reviews).
• E. BUONAIUTI, L’Antiscorpionico di Tertulliano: RR 3 (1927) 146-152. (Details from Quasten). Labelled a “rapid study” (Details from CTC 90.3, p.342 of collected reviews)
• J. H. WASZINK, Tertullianea : Mnem 3 (1935/36) 165-174.
• L. CASTIGLIONI, Ad Tertullianum adnotationes : Studi Ubaldi. Milan, 1937, 256-260.
• T. D. BARNES, Tertullian’s Scorpiace, JTS, NS. 20 (1969), p.105 ff. Checked. (Personal copy)
• Eugenio ROMERO POSE, De bono martyrio: A propósito de los Scorpiace de Tertuliano. Revista Espãnola de Teología 62 (2002) pp.517-528. (Details CTC 2002).