“Mathetes” is not a proper name; it simply means “a disciple.” The writer may be a Johannine Christian, although the name “Jesus” and the expression the “Christ” are not present in the text. The author prefers, rather, to refer to the “son” as “the Word.”
Diognetus was the name of a tutor of the emperor Marcus Aurelius, who admired him for his freedom from superstition and sound educational advice. It is unlikely, however, that this is the “Diognetus” that the text has in mind.
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