Translated by Michael L. Rodkinson
Section Moed (Festivals)
Tracts Pesachim (Passover), Yomah (Day of Atonement) and Hagiga (Holocaust)
Book 3: Volumes V. and VI.
Tract Pesachim (Passover)
OUTLINE: Continuing with tracts from section Moed (Festivals). These are primarily discussions of the rituals to be performed on important holy days: principally Passover and the Day of Atonement. The short third tract, Hagiga, discusses the Holocaust ceremony, (meaning a burnt-offering), which today has come into use as a term for the Nazi genocide. Among other points of interest is description of the ritual of the scapegoat in Chapter VI. of Tract Yomah; and Chapter II. of Tract Hagiga has a notable digression on a variety of subjects, including the cryptic Chariot of God, and the names and characteristics of the seven heavens.
Synopsis of Subjects
Chapter I. Concerning the Removal of Leaven from the House
Chapter II: Time for Eating Unleavened Bread and Material Used for Making Unleavened Bread and Bitter Herbs
Chapter III: Regulations Concerning Articles Which Cause Transgression of the Law Prohibiting Leaven to be Seen or Found in the House of an Israelite.
Chapter IV: Regulations Concerning Work Which May and Must not be Performed on the Day Before Passover
Chapter V: Regulations Concerning the Sacrifice of the Paschal Lamb
Chapter VI: Regulations Concerning Acts Which Supersede the Due Observance of the Sabbath; The Paschal Offering; What if One Sacrifice is Confounded with Another
Chapter VII: Roasting the Paschal Lamb; If the Paschal Lamb Becomes Defiled; Parts of Lamb Eaten
Chapter VIII: Those Obligated to Eat the Paschal Sacrifice; Where It May Be Eaten; Companies Appointed to Eat It; Difference Between First and Second Passover
Chapter IX: The Second Passover; Passover during Exodus; Mixed Paschal Sacrifices
Chapter X: The Meal on the Eve of Passover and the Four Cups of Wine
Tract Yomah (Day of Atonement)
Introduction to Tract Yomah
Synopsis of Subjects, Tract Yomah
Chapter I: The Preparations of the High Priest
Chapter II: The Lots Priests Drew, Which Priests Should go to the Altar, How Many Priests Needed for Each Sacrifice
Chapter III: Time of the Daily Offering; Entry of a Layman into the Temple Court; Order of High-Priests’ Service on Day of Atonement
Chapter IV: The Two Goats
Chapter V: Remaining Services of the High-Priest
Chapter VI: Regulations Concerning the He-Goats of the Day of Atonement And the Sending to the Desert, And the Confession Thereat.
Chapter VII: The Passages Read by the High-Priest and his Garments
Chapter VIII: Regulations Concerning Fasting on the Day of Atonement; What May Be Done Thereon, And What May Not Be Done.
Tract Hagiga (Holocaust)
Synopsis of Subjects
Chapter I: Regulations Concerning the Holocaust, and the Appointed Time for the Peace-Offering
Chapter II: Regulations Concerning Public Lectures: Which Are And Which Are Not Allowed.
Chapter III: In What Cases Sacred Things Are More Rigorous Than Heave-Offerings, And Vice Versa