Greek mythological figures: Sky deities

sky-dieties-01


1.0 ACHELOIS1)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἀχελωΐς), “she who washes pain away”, a minor moon goddess


2.0 AEOLUS2)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Aiolos) (Αίολος), god of the winds. 

Note3)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAeolus (Aiolos) The king of the winds. He was appointed by Zeus to guard the storm winds which he kept locked away inside the floating island of Aeolia, releasing them at the request of the gods to wreak their havoc.


3.0 AETHER4)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αιθήρ), primeval god of the upper air

Note5)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAether (Aither) The primeval god of the shining light of the blue sky. He was conceived of as the substance of light, a layer of bright mist which lay between the dome of heaven and the lower air which surrounded the earth.


4.0 ALECTRONA (the)6)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αλεκτρονα), solar goddess of the morning or waking up


(a) APARCTIAS7)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Απαρκτίας), another name for the north wind (not identified with Boreas)


(b) APHELIOTES8)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αφηλιώτης), god of the east wind (when Eurus is considered southeast)


(c) ARGESTES9)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αργέστης), another name for the west or northwest wind


(d) CAICIAS10)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Καικίας), god of the northeast wind


(e) CIRCIOS11)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Κίρκιος) or Thraskias (Θρασκίας), god of the north-northwest wind


(f) EURONOTUS12)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ευρονότος), god of the southeast wind.

Note13)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.htmlEuros (Eurus) The god of the South-East Wind who is sculpted as a bearded man holding a heavy cloak.


(g) LIPS14)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Λίψ), god of the southwest wind

Note15)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: Lips The God of the South-West Wind is represented holding the stern of a ship.


(h) SKEIRON16)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Σκείρων), god of the northwest wind

Note17)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: Skiron (Sciron) The god of the North-West is a bearded man tilting a cauldron, signifying the onset of winter.


5.0 ZEUS18)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ζεύς), King of Heaven and god of the sky, clouds, thunder, and lightning


6.0 HERA19)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ήρα), Queen of Heaven and goddess of the air and starry constellations


7.0 APOLLO20)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Απόλλων), Olympian God of the sun, light, knowledge, music, healing, and the arts


8.0 ARTEMIS21)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (´Αρτεμις), Olympian Goddess virgins and young women, of the moon, nature, hunt and the wild animals


9.0 ARKE22)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Άρκη), messenger of the Titans and twin sister of Iris

Note23)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlArce (Arke) The messenger of the Titans. She was the sister of Iris and the goddess of the lost second rainbow. At the end of the Titan-war she was stripped of her wings and locked away inside the pit of Tartarus.


10.0 ASTRAIOS24)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἀστραῖος), Titan god of stars and planets, and the art of astrology

Note25)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAstraeus (Astraios) The Titan god of the stars. He was father of the planets and the four seasonal winds by Eos the dawn.


11.0 ASTRA PLANETI (the)26)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αστρα Πλανετοι), gods of the five wandering stars or planets

Note27)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAstra Planeti (Astra Planetoi) The gods of the five wandering-stars or planets. The leader of these was bright Eosphoros, the god of the dawn-star Venus. The other four were Pyroeis (star Mars), Phaenon (star Saturn), Phaethon (star Jupiter) and Stilbon (star Mercury).


(a) STILBON28)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Στιλβών), god of Hermaon, the planet Mercury


(b) EOSPHORUS29)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ηωσφόρος), god of Venus the morning star


(c) HESPERUS30)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἓσπερος), god of Venus the evening star


(d) PYROEIS31)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Πυρόεις), god of Areios, the planet Mars


(e) PHAETHON32)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Φαέθων), god of Dios, the planet Jupiter


(f) PHAENON33)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Φαίνων), god of Kronion, the planet Saturn


12.0 AURAI (the)34)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αὖραι), nymphs of the cooling breeze


(a) AURA35)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αὖρα), goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning


13.0 CHAOS36)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Χάος), the nothingness from which all else sprang, she also represented the lower atmosphere which surrounded the earth

Note37)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlCHAOS (Khaos) The primeval goddess of the gap between heaven and earth. She was the air which men breathed. Below Chaos her lay the flat body of the earth, and above the shining mists of the protogenos Aether. Chaos was the mother of Darkness and Night and of the birds.


14.0 CHIONE38)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Χιόνη), goddess of snow and daughter of Boreas

Note39)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlCHIONE (Khione) The goddess of snow. She was daughter a daughter of Boreas, god of the wintry north wind.


15.0 URANUS40)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ουρανός), primeval god of the heavens


16.0 HELIOS41)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἥλιος), Titan god of the sun and guardian of oaths


17.0 SELENE42)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Σελήνη), Titan goddess of the moon


18.0 EOS43)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἠώς), Titan goddess of the dawn


19.0 HEMERA44)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ημέρα), primeval goddess of the day


20.0 NYX45)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Νύξ), goddess of the night


21.0 HESPERIDES (the)46)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (´Εσπερίδες), nymphs that represented a star cluster in the constellation Taurus (Pleiades) and were associated with rain


(a) IRIS47)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ίρις), goddess of the rainbow and divine messenger


(b) NEPHELAI48)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Νεφέλαι), cloud nymphs


(c) PANDIA49)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Πανδία), daughter of Selene and Zeus


(d) ERSA50)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ἕρση), goddess of the morning dew


22.0 ANEMOI (the)51)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Άνεμοι), gods of the winds 

Eight Wind-Gods are depicted on the Tower of the Winds in Athens dating from the C1st B.C.52)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html

Note (i)53)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAnemi (1) (Anemoi) The gods of the four directional winds and the heralds of the four seasons. Boreas the north wind was the lord of winter, Zephyros the west was the bringer of spring, Euros the east was the god of autumn, and Notos the south of summer.

Note (ii)54)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlAnemoi (2) The Daemones of the violent storm-winds. They were sons of the monster Typhoeus kept locked away inside Tartarus or the floating island of Aeolus to be released only at the command of the gods.


(a) BOREAS55)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Βορέας), god of the north wind and of winter

Note56)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.htmlBOREAS The god of the North-Wind is depicted with shaggy hair and beard, with a billowing cloak and a conch shell in his hands.


(b) EURUS57)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Εύρος), god of the unlucky east or southeast wind

Note58)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.htmlEUROS (Eurus) The god of the South-East Wind who is sculpted as a bearded man holding a heavy cloak.


(c) NOTUS59)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Νότος) god of the south wind

Note60)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.htmlNOTOS (Notus) The god of the South Wind pours water from a vase.


(d) ZEPHYRUS61)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ζέφυρος), god of the west wind

Note62)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.htmlZEPHYROS (Zephyrus) God of the West-Wind is depicted as a beardless youth scattering flowers from his mantle.


(e) APELIOTES63)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Note64)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: APELIOTES The god of the East Wind appears as a clean-shaven man, holding a cloak full of fruit and grain.


(f) KAIKIAS65)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Note66)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: KAIKIAS (Caicias) The god of the North-East Wind is portrayed as a bearded man with a shield full of hail-stones.


(g) LIPS67)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Note68)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: LIPS The God of the South-West Wind is represented holding the stern of a ship.


(h) SKIRON69)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Note70)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html: SKIRON (Sciron) The god of the North-West is a bearded man tilting a cauldron, signifying the onset of winter.


23.0 PLEIADES (the)71)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Πλειάδες), goddesses of the constellation Pleiades and were associated with rain

Note72)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlPLEIADES The nymphs of the seven stars of the constellation Pleiades. They were daughters of the Titan Atlas whose rising and setting were of key importance in the agricultural calendar.


(a) ALCYONE73)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Αλκυόνη)


(b) STEROPE74)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Στερόπη)


(c) CELAENO75)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Κελαινώ)


(d) ELECTRA76)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ηλέκτρα)


(e) MAIA77)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Μαία)


(f) MEROPE78)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Μερώπη)


(g) TAYGETE79)Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures (Ταϋγέτη)


24.0 CHRONOS80)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html The old god of time who turned the wheel of the heavenly constellations. He was sometimes equated with Cronus, the father of Zeus.

Note81)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlCHRONOS The old god of time who turned the wheel of the heavenly constellations. He was sometimes equated with Cronus, the father of Zeus.


25.0 CYCLOPES82)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Kyklopes) Three giant sons of Uranus (Heaven) who forged the lightning and thunder of Zeus. Their three brothers, the Hecatoncheires, were the gods of violent storms.

Note83)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlCYCLOPES (Kyklopes) Three giant sons of Uranus (Heaven) who forged the lightning and thunder of Zeus. Their three brothers, the Hecatoncheires, were the gods of violent storms.


26.0 HARPYIAE84)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Harpyiai) Daemones of whirlwinds and storm gusts. They were known as the hounds of Zeus and blamed for the dissappearance of people without a trace.


27.0 HECATONCHEIRES85)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Hekatonkheires) Three hundred-armed, fifty-headed giants. They were the gods of violent storms which they released from the gates of Tartarus.


28.0 HELIUS86)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Helios) The god of the sun whose orb was he wore upon his head as a bright aureole crown. Helios drove a fiery chariot drawn by four winged steeds.


29.0 HERA87)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html The Queen of Heaven and goddess of the air and starry constellations. The Milky Way was spilt from her breast and most of the other constellations placed in the heavens at her command.


30.0 HERSE88)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html The goddess of the morning dew.


31.0 HORAE (1)89)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Horai) Three goddesses of the seasons and the ordering of time named Eirene, Eunomia and Dike. They directed the constellations and guiding the Sun in his heavenly course.


32.0 HORAE (2)90)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Horai) The goddesses of the twelve hours of the day. They were originally the same as the first three mentioned above.


33.0 HYADES91)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html Nymphs of the five stars of the constellation Hyades. They were daughters of the Titan Atlas. Their rising marked the start of the rainy month of spring.


34.0 MENAE92)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html The nymphs of the fifty new moons of the Olympiad (a period of four years). Fifty moons were significant because this number marked the conjunction of solar and lunar calendars. The goddesses themselves were daughters of the moon-goddess Selene.


35.0 OCEANIDES93)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Okeanides)The daughters of the earth-encircling river Oceanus. Some of these were nymphs of clouds (Nephelae) and moistening breezes (Aurae).


36.0 OREITHYIA94)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html The goddess of cold, gusty mountain winds. She was the wife of Boreas, the wintry north wind, and the mother of Chione, snow.


37.0 ZODIAC95)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html (Zodiakos) The spirits of the twelve constellations of the zodiac circled heaven measuring the seasons of the year.


38.0 ATLAS96)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html A Titan condemned by Zeus to hold the sky aloft upon his shoulders and turn it upon its axis. Homer in the Odyssey seems to suggest that he was released from this labour and appointed keeper of the pillars of heaven, presumably the ones erected by Heracles at the ends of the earth.

Note97)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.htmlATLAS A Titan condemned by Zeus to hold the sky aloft upon his shoulders and turn it upon its axis. Homer in the Odyssey seems to suggest that he was released from this labour and appointed keeper of the pillars of heaven, presumably the ones erected by Heracles at the ends of the earth.


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

Source: http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html

References   [ + ]

1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures
3, 5, 23, 25, 27, 37, 39, 53, 54, 72, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97. http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/sky-gods.html
13, 15, 17, 52, 56, 58, 60, 62, 64, 66, 68, 70. http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Anemoi.html
71. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures
73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

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