Greek mythological figures: Rustic deities

A Complete List of Greek Rustic Gods, Goddesses & Daemones

Source: items 1 – 411)

Source: items 42 – 872)

1.0 AETNA (Greek: Αἴτνη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of the volcanic Mount Etna in Sicily

2.0 AMPHICTYONIS  (Greek: Αμφικτυονίς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of wine and friendship between nations, a local form of Demeter

3.0 ANTHOUSAI  (Greek: Ανθούσαι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) flower nymphs

4.0 ARISTAEUS  (Greek: Ἀρισταῖος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting

4.0 ARISTAEUS (Aristaios) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The rustic god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing and hunting. He was a companion of the god Dionysus.

5.0 ATTIS  (Greek: Άττις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) vegetation god and consort of Cybele

5.0 ATTIS The eunuch attendant and consort of the goddess Rhea-Cybele. He drove her lion-drawn chariot across the mountains.

6.0 BRITOMARTIS  (Greek: Βριτόμαρτις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Cretan goddess of hunting and nets used for fishing, fowling and the hunting of small game

7.0 Cabeiri (the)  (Greek: Κάβειροι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) gods or spirits who presided over the Mysteries of the islands of Lemnos and Samothrace

THE KABEIROI3) (Cabeiri) were twin gods (daimones) who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake (Samothrace) which were held in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate. They were famed metal-workers, dwarfish sons of the god Hephaistos (Hephaestus), who served their father at his Lemnian forge. Like their mother Kabeiro (Cabeiro) the pair were also sea-divinities who came to the aid of sailors in distress.

According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries. In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy.

The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes (Curetes), the Trojan Daktyloi (Dactyls), and the Phrygian Korybantes (Corybantes).
According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi were a larger group of deities which included not only the sons of Hephaistos but also several Korybantic sons of the god Apollon. Both groups were portrayed as shield-clashing, dancing warriors of the orgies. Kedalion (Cedalion), the Lemnian attendant of Hephaistos, was sometimes numbered amongst the Kabeiroi. The twin gods were also identified with the Dioskouroi (Dioscuri) especially in the myth of the Argonauts.

(a) AITNAIOS  (Greek: Αιτναιος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(b) ALKON  (Greek: Αλκων) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(c) EURYMEDON  (Greek: Ευρυμεδών) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(d) ONNES  (Greek: Όννης) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(e) TONNES  (Greek: Τόννης) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

8.0 Centaurs (the) (Greek: Κένταυροι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (aka Centauri)4)Latin a race of half-man, half-horse beings

tribe Centauri 1) (Man’s head and torso, horse’s torso and legs) A tribe of half-horse men who inhabited the mountain-wilds of hessalian Magnesia. They were primitive and brutal tribe, who armed themselves with rocks and branches. Most were slain at the wedding of Pirithous and Hippodameia when they attempted to carry off the female guests.

Greek: Κενταυρος Κενταυροι

THE KENTAUROI5) (Centaurs) were a tribe of half-man, half-horse savages who inhabited the mountains and forests of Thessalian Magnesia. They were a primitive race who made their homes in caves, hunted wild animals for food and armed themselves with rocks and tree branches. The Kentauroi were spawned by the cloud-nymphe Nephele after she was violated by the impious Lapith king Ixion. were spawned by the cloud-nymph Nephele after she was violated by the impious Lapith king Ixion. She deposited her double-formed brood on Mount Pelion where they were nursed by the daughters of the immortal kentauros Kheiron (Chiron).

The Kentauroi were invited to attend the wedding of their half-brother Peirithoos (Pirithous) but became drunk at the festivities and attempted to carry off the bride and other female guests. In the battle which ensued most of the Kentauroi were destroyed.

Another tribe of Kentauroi (Centaurs) dwelt in the western Peloponnese where they came into conflict with the hero Herakles. Another tribe of bull-horned Kentauroi were native to the island of Kypros (Cyprus). Female Kentauroi, Kentaurides (Centaurides), were also known but only occur in late classical art and literature.

The Kentauros was depicted as a hybrid creature with the upper body of a man–from the head down to the waist–with the body and legs of a horse. It had the facial features of a normal man or, sometimes, the snub nose and pointed ears of a Satyros (Satyr).


[1.1] IXION & NEPHELE6)Apollodorus E1.20, Diodorus Siculus 4.69.4, Hyginus Fabulae 62, Ovid Metamorphoses 12.112, Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.20
[2.1] KENTAUROS & THE MAGNESIAN MARES7)Pindar Pythian Ode 2, Philostratus the Elder 2.3

Thessalian Centaurs List of Names

ABAS: (greek Αβας) (latin Abas) [Translation?]

AMYKOS: (greek Αμυκος) (latin Amycus) [Translation: Without Stain? (a-, mykos)]

ANTIMAKHOS: (greek Αντιμαχος) (latin Antimachus) [Translation: Resist with Force (antimakheô)]

APHAREUS: (greek Αφαρευς) (latin Aphareus) [Translation: Sudden, Quick (aphar)]

APHIDAS: (greek Αφιδας) (latin Aphidas) [Translation: Not Sparing? (a-, phidos)]

AREIOS: (greek Αρειος) (latin Areus) [Translation: Warlike (areios)]

ARKTOS: (greek Αρκτος) (latin Arctus) [Translation: Bear (arktos)]

ASBOLOS: (greek Ασβολος) (latin Asbolus) [Translation: Sooty, Dusky (asbolos)]

ASTYLOS: (greek Αστυλος) (latin Astylus) [Translation: Without pillar, prop (stylos)]

BIÊNÔR: (greek Βιηνωρ) (latin Bienor) [Translation: Strong One (biê)]

BROMOS: (greek Βρομος) (latin Bromus) [Translation: Roaring, Shouting (bromos)]

DEMELEÔN: (greek Δεμελεων) (latin Demeleon) [Translation: Lion-Bodied (leôn, demas)]

DIKTYS: (greek Δικτυς) (latin Dictys) [Translation: Of Hunting Nets (diktyon)]

DOYLAS: (greek Δολυας) (latin Dolyas) [Translation: Crafty One? (dolos)]

DRYALOS: son of PEUKEUS (greek Δρυαλος) (latin Dryalus) [Translation: Of the Oaks (drys, hylê)]

EKHEKLOS: (greek Εχεκλος) (latin Echeclus) [Translation: Gluttonous? (ekekhollos)]

ELYMOS: (greek Ελυμος) (latin Elymus) [Translation: Quiver (elymos)]

ERIGDOUPOS: (greek Εριγδουπος) (latin Erigdupus) [Translation: Loud-Sounding (erigdoupos)]

EURYNOMOS: (greek Ευρυνομος) (latin Eurynomus) [Translation: Broad Pasture (eury-, nomos)]

EURYTIÔN: (greek Ευρυτιων) (latin Eurytion) [Translation: Fine Drinking-Horn (eu-, rhytos)]

EURYTOS: (greek Ευρυτος) (latin Eurytus) [Translation: Fine Drinking-Horn]

GYRNEUS: (greek Γυρνευς) (latin Gyrneus) [Translation: Run-in-Circles? (gyreuô)]

HELOPS: (greek Ἑλοψ) (latin Helops) [Translation: Dumb, Without Voice? (helops)]

HIPPASOS: (greek Ἱππασος) (latin Hippasus) [Translation: Horseman (hippastês)]

HODITES: (greek ?) (latin ?) [Translation: ?]

HYLAIOS: (greek Ὑλαιος) (latin Hylaeus) [Translation: Of the Forest (hylaios)]

HYLÊS: (greek Ὑλης) (latin Hyles) [Translation: Of the Woods (hylê)]

HYLONOMÊ: (greek Ὑλονομη) (latin Hylonome) [Translation: Woodland Pasture (hylê, nomos)]

IMBREUS: (greek Ιμβρευς) (latin Imbreus) [Translation: ?]

IPHINOUS: (greek Ιφινοος) (latin Iphinous) [Translation: Quick-Thinking (iphis, noos)]

KHROMIS: (greek Χρομις) (latin Chromis) [Translation: Neighing of Horses (khromos)]

KHTHIONIOS: (greek Χθονιος) (latin Chthonius) [Translation: Of the Earth (khthonios)]

KLANIS: (greek Κλανις) (latin Clanis) [Translation: Wailing? (klannô, klaô)]

KRÊNAIOS: (greek Κρηναιος) (latin Crenaeus) [Translation: Of the Spring (krênaios)]

KYLLAROS: (greek Κυλλαρος) (latin Cyllarus) [Translation: Crooked-, Bandy-Legged (kyllos)]

LATREUS: (greek Λατρευς) (latin Latreus) [Translation: In Servitude (latreuô)]

LYKABAS: (greek Λυκαβας) (latin Lycabas) [Translation: Year, Annual (lykabas)]

LYKAS: (greek Λυκας) (latin Lycas) [Translation: Wolf-Like, Wolfish (lykos)]

LYKIDAS: (greek Λυκιδας) (latin Lycidas) [Translation: Wolf Cub (lykideus)]

LYKOPES: (greek Λυκοπης) (latin Lycopes) [Translation: Wolf-Eyed, -Faced (lykos, ops)]

MEDÔN: (greek Μεδων) (latin Medon) [Translation: Plan, Contrive (medô)]

MELANEUS: (greek Μελανευς) (latin Melaneus) [Translation: Black-(Coated) (melas)]

MIMAS: (greek Μιμας) (latin Mimas) [Translation: Imitator, Mime? (mimas)]

MONYKHOS: (greek Μωνυχος) (latin Monychus) [Translation: Wild Boar (mônukhos)]

NEDYMNOS: (greek Νηδυμνος) (latin Nedymnus) [Translation: ?]

NESSOS: (greek Νεσσος) (latin Nessus) [Translation: Duck? (nêssa)]

ORNEIOS: (greek Ορνειος) (latin Orneus) [Translation: Wine-Stirrer (ornumi)]

OUREIOS: (greek Ουρειος) (latin Ureus) [Translation: Of the Mountains (oreios)]

PEISÊNOR: (greek Πεισηνορ) (latin Pisenor) [Translation: Of the Meadows (pisos)]

PERIMEDES: son of PEUKEUS (greek Περιμηδης) (latin Perimedes) [Translation: Plan Around? (peri-, medô)]

PETRAIOS: (greek Πετραιος) (latin Petraeus) [Translation: Of the Rocks (petraios)]

PEUKEUS: (greek Πευκευς) (latin Peuceus) [Translation: Of the Pines (peukê) and his sons]

PHAIOKOMÊS: (greek Φαιοκομης) (latin Phaeocomes) [Translation: Grey-Haired (phaios, komê)]

PHLEGRAIOS: (greek Φλεγραιος) (latin Phlegraeus) [Translation: Scorched, Burnt (phlegethô)]

PHOBAS: (greek Φοβας) (latin Phobas) [Translation: Fear, Fearsome (phobos)]

PHÔLOS: (greek Φωλος) (latin Pholus) [Translation: Of the Cave (phôleos)]

PYRAIMON: (greek Πυραιμων) (latin Pyraemon) [Translation: Fiery One (pyros)]

PYRETOS: (greek Πυρετος) (latin Pyretus) [Translation: Burning-Heat (pyretos)]

RHIPHEUS: (greek Ριφευς) (latin Ripheus) [Translation: Thrower, Caster (rhiptô)]

RHOITOS: (greek Ροιτος) (latin Rhoetus) [Translation: Pomegranate-Wine? (rhoitês)]

STYPHELOS: (greek Στυφελος) (latin Styphelus) [Translation: Rough, Cruel (styphelos)]

TÊLEBOAS: (greek Τηλεβοας) (latin Teleboas) [Translation: Loud-Shouting (teleboas)]

THAUMAS: (greek Θαυμας) (latin Thaumas) [Translation: Wondrous (thaumas)]

THÊREUS: (greek Θηρευς) (latin Thereus) [Translation: Bestial (thêreios)]

Thessalian Names

Source 8)[1.1] Hesiod Shield of Herakles 178

Source 9)[1.2]Pausanias 5.10.8, Athenaeus 1.10e

Source 10)[1.3] Ovid Metamorphoses 12.112

Source 11)[1.4]Virgil Georgics 2.454

Source 12)[1.5]Valerius Flaccus 1.130

(ii) PELOPONNESIAN ([Kentauros, Kentauroi] tribe Centauri 2) Man’s head and torso, horse’s torso and legs Centaurs native to the lands of Arcadia and Sparta. They were a tribe of horse-bodied men who fought with Heracles over the wine of their brother Pholus.

Greek: Κενταυρος Κενταυροι

THE KENTAUROI PELOPONNESIOI13) (Peloponnesian Centaurs) were a tribe of half-man, half-horse Arkadian wildmen who fought Herakles for the wine of their hospitable brother Pholos (Pholus). Most of them were slain in the battle which ensued–felled by poisoned arrows. The few survivors fled south to the Malean peninsular or Eleusis where they were given refuge by Poseidon.

The Peloponnesian Kentauroi appear to be distinct from the Thessalian Kentauroi (Centaurs) of Magnesia in northern Greece, although classical writers often conflate their two stories.


[1.1] IXION & NEPHELE (as immigrant Thessalian Kentauroi)
[2.1] SEILENOS & MELIA (as brothers of the Arkadian kentauros Pholos)

Peloponnesian Centaurs List of Names


AGRIOS: (greek Αγριος) (latin Agrius) [Translation: Wild, Savage (agrios)]

AMPHIÔN: (greek Αμφιων) (latin Amphion) [Translation: Bad-Wine? (amphias)]

ANKHIOS: (greek Αγχιος) (latin Anchius) [Translation: Withdraw, Retire (ankhôreô)]

ARGEIOS: (greek Αργειος) (latin Argeus) [Translation: Silver-(haired) (argos)]

ASBOLOS: (greek Ασβολος) (latin Asbolus) [Translation: Sooty, Dusky (asbolos)]

DAPHNIS: (greek Δαφνις) (latin Daphnis) [Translation: Laurel Tree (daphnis)]

DOUPÔN: (greek Δουπων) (latin Dupon) [Translation: Heavy-Thudding (doupos)]

ELAIOS: (greek ?) (latin ?) [Translation: ?]

ELATOS: (greek Ελατος) (latin Elatus) [Translation: Beaten, Ductile (elatos)]

EURYTIÔN: (greek Ευρυτιων) (latin Eurytion) [Translation: Fine Drinking-Horn (eu-, rhytos)]

HIPPOTIÔN: (greek Ἱπποτιων) (latin Hippotion) [Translation: Horseman (hippotês)]

HOMADOS: (greek Ὁμαδος) (latin Homadus) [Translation: Tumult, Din (homados)]

HYLAIOS: (greek Ὑλαιος) (latin Hylaeus) [Translation: Of the Forest (hylaios)]

ISOPLÊS: (greek Ισοπλης) (latin Isoples) [Translation: Equal in Number (isoplês)]

MELANKHAITÊS: (greek Μελανχαιτης) (latin ?) [Translation: Black-Manced (melas, khaitê)]

NESSOS: (greek Νεσσος) (latin Nessus) [Translation: Duck? (nêssa)]

OREIOS: (greek Ορειος) (latin Oreus) [Translation: Of the Mountain (oreios)]

PETRAIOS: (greek Πετραιος) (latin Petraeus) [Translation: Of the Rocks (petraios)]

PHÔLOS: (greek Φωλος) (latin Pholus) [Translation: Of the Cave (phôleos)]

PHRIXOS: (greek Φριξος) (latin Phrixus) [Translation: Bristling (phrixos)]

PYLÊNOR: (greek Πυληνορ) (latin Pylenor) [Translation: Mountain-Pass? (pylê)]

RHOIKOS: (greek Ροικος) (latin Rhoecus) [Translation: Crooked, Bow-Legged (rhoikos)]

THÊREUS: (greek Θηρευς) (latin Thereus) [Translation: Bestial (thêreios)]

Peloponnesian Names

Source (([1.1] Apollodorus 2.83))

Source (([1.2] Apollodorus 3.106, Callimachus Hymn to Artemis))

Source (([1.3] Diodorus Siculus 4.12.3))

Source (([1.4] Athenian Vase Painting O12.2))

(iii) CYPRIAN ([Kentauroi Kyprioi] tribe Centauri Cyprii) Bull-horned Centaurs native to the island of Cyprus. They were devotees of the goddess Aphrodite.

Greek: Κενταυροι Κυπριοι

THE KENTAUROI KYPRIOI14) (Cyprian Centaurs), were a tribe of bull-horned centaurs native to the island of Kypros (Cyprus). They were born of Gaia the Earth when she was accidentally impregnated by Zeus during a failed attempt to couple with the goddess Aphrodite.

The Kentauroi were probably fertility-spirit (daimones) attendants of the goddess Aphrodite. They were no doubt related to the Kerastai (Cerastae)–bull-horned, Kyprian devotees of the goddess.


ZEUS & GAIA (Dionysiaca 14.193 & 32.65)

Cyprian Centaurs List of Names


(a) ASBOLUS (greek Άσβολος) (latin Asbolus) [Translation: Sooty, Dusky (asbolos)]

(b) CHARICLO: (greek Χαρικλώ) (latin ?) [Translation: ?] wife of the centaur Chiron 

8.0 (b) CHARICLO (Khariklo) The wife of the wise old Centaur Chiron. She was a daughter of Apollo or a sister of Hecate.

(c) CHIRON: (greek Χείρων) (latin ?) [Translation: ?] the eldest and wisest of the Centaurs 

8.0 (c) CHIRON (Kheiron) A wise, immortal centaur who made his home on Mount Pelion in Thessaly. He was a famous teacher who mentored many of the great heroes including Asclepius, Peleus, Jason and Achilles.

(d) EURYTION: (greek Ευρυτιων) (latin Eurytion) [Translation: Fine Drinking-Horn (eu-, rhytos)]

(e) NESSUS: (greek Νέσσος) (latin Nessus) [Translation: Duck? (nêssa)] a ferryman at the river Euenus

(f) PHOLUS: (greek Φώλος) (latin Pholus) [Translation: Of the Cave (phôleos)]

9.0 Cercopes  (The) (Greek: Κέρκοπες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a pair of monkey-like thieves who plagued the land of Lydia in western Anatolia

9.0 CERCOPES (Kerkopes) A pair of thievish monkey-like demi-gods. They were once captured by Heracles, but earned their release by entertaining him with jokes.

(a) AKMON  (Greek: Ακμών) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(b) PASSALOS  (Greek: Πάσσαλος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

10.0 CHLORIS  (Greek: Χλωρίς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of flowers and wife of Zephyrus

11.0 COMUS  (Greek: Κόμος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of revelry, merrymaking, and festivity

11.0 COMUS (Komos) The god of festivities. He was the satyriscus cup-bearer of the god Dionysus.

12.0 CORYMBUS  (Greek: Κόρυμβος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of the fruit of the ivy

12.0 CORYMBUS (Korymbos) A rustic demi-god associated with the fruit of the ivy (the meaning of his name). He was a companion of the god Dionysus.

13.0 CURETES  (the) (Greek: Κουρέτες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) guardians of infant Zeus on Mount Ida, barely distinguished from the Dactyls and the Corybantes

13.0 CURETES (Kouretes) Mountain-dwelling Daemones native to the island of Crete. They guarded the infant god Zeus in a sacred cave, drowing out the sounds of his cries with a dance of clashing spear and shield.

14.0 CYBELE  (Greek: Κυβέλη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a Phrygian mountain goddess associated with Rhea

14.0 CYBELE (Kybele) A Phrygian mountain goddess identified by the Greeks with Rhea. She drove a team of lions and was worshipped with orgiastic rites.

15.0 dactyls  (the) (Greek: Δάκτυλοι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “fingers”, minor deities originally representing fingers of a hand

15.0 DACTYLS (Daktyloi) Five mountain-dwellling Daemones who discovered the arts of smelting ore and working metal. They were closely related to, if not the same as, the Curetes.

(a) ACMON  (Greek: Ακμών) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(b) DAMNAMENEUS  (Greek: Δαμναμενεύς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(c) DELAS  (Greek: Δήλας) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(d) EPIMEDES  (Greek: Επιμήδης) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(e) HERACLES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )  (not to be confused with the hero Heracles)

(f) LASIOS  (Greek: Ιάσιος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(g) KELMIS  (Greek: Κελμις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(h) SKYTHES  (Greek: Σκύθης) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(i) Cybele (Companions of) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(1) TITIAS  (Greek: Τιτίας) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(2) CYLLENUS  (Greek: Κύλληνος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

16.0 DIONYSUS  (Greek: Διόνυσος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of wine, drunken orgies, and wild vegetation

16.0 DIONYSUS (Dionysos) The god of wine, drunken orgies and wild vegetation. He wandered through the wild lands accompanied by a train of drunken Satyrs, Bacchante Nymphs, and rustic gods.

17.0 DRYADES  (Greek: Δρυάδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) tree and forest nymphs

18.0 GAIA  (Greek: Γαία) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) primeval goddess of the earth

19.0 EPIMELIADES  (Greek: Επιμελίδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) nymphs of highland pastures and protectors of sheep flocks

20.0 HAMADRYADES  (Greek: Αμαδρυάδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) oak tree dryades

21.0 HECATERUS  (Greek: Ηεκατερος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) minor god of the hekateris — a rustic dance of quickly moving hands — and perhaps of the skill of hands in general

21.0 HECATERUS (Hekateros) An old rustic god. He was the grandfather of Satyrs, Curetes, and mountain Nymphs.

22.0 HEPHAESTUS  (Greek: Ήφαιστος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of metalworking

22.0 HEPHAESTUS (Hephaistos) The god of metalworking. He was a friend of the god Dionysus who rode through the wilds on the back of a donkey accompanied by drunken Satyrs.

23.0 HERMES  (Greek: Ερμής) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of herds and flocks, of roads and boundary stones, and the god of thieves.

23.0 HERMES The god of herds and flocks, of roads and boundary stones. He consorted with Nymphs in the mountain glades, fathering Satyrs, Sileni and Panes.

24.0 Horae  (the) (Greek: Ώρες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The Hours

24.1 Goddesses of Natural Order (the)

(a) EUNOMIA  (Greek: Ευνομία) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) spirit of good order, and springtime goddess of green pastures

(b) DIKE  (Greek: Δίκη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) spirit of justice, may have represented springtime growth

(c) EIRENE  (Greek: Ειρήνη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) spirit of peace and goddess of the springtime

24.2 Goddesses of Springtime Growth (The) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(a) THALLO  (Greek: Θαλλώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of spring buds and shoots, identified with Eirene

(b) AUXO  (Greek: Αυξώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of spring growth

(c) KARPO  (Greek: Καρπώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of the fruits of the earth

24.3 Goddesses of Welfare (the)

(a) PHEROUSA  (Greek: Φέρουσα) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “the bringer”

(b) EUPORIE  (Greek: Ευπορίη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “abundance”

(c) ORTHOSIE  (Greek: Ορθοσίη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “prosperity”

24.4 Goddesses of the Natural Portions of Time and the Times of Day (the)

(a) AUGE  (Greek: Αυγή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) first light of the morning

(b) ANATOLE  (Greek: Ανατολή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )  or Anatolia (Ανατολία) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) sunrise

(c) MOUSIKA or MUSICA  (Greek: Μουσική) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) the morning hour of music and study

(d) GYMNASTIKA, GYMNASTICA  (Greek: Γυμναστίκή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) or Gymnasia (Γυμνασία) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) the morning hour of gymnastics/exercise

(e) NYMPHE  (Greek: Νυμφή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) the morning hour of ablutions (bathing, washing)

(f) MESEMBRIA  (Greek: Μεσημβρία) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) noon

(g) SPONDE  (Greek: Σπονδή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) libations poured after lunch

(h) ELETE (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours

(i) AKTE, ACTE  (Greek: Ακτή) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) or Cypris (Greek: Κυπρίς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours

(j) HESPERIS  (Greek: Έσπερίς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) evening

(k) DYSIS  (Greek: Δύσις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) sunset

(l) ARKTOS  (Greek: Άρκτος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) night sky, constellation

24.5 Goddesses of Seasons of the Year (the)

(a) EIAR  (Greek: Είαρ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) spring

(b) THEROS  (Greek: Θέρος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) summer

(c) PTHINOPORON  (Greek: Φθινόπωρον) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) autumn

(d) CHEIMON  (Greek: Χειμών) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) winter

25.0 Korybantes (the) (Greek: Κορύβαντες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) the crested dancers who worshipped Cybele

(a) DAMNEUS (Greek: Δαμνεύς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “the one who tames(?)”

(b) IDAIOS (Greek: Ιδαίος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “of Mount Ida”

(c) KYRBAS  (Greek: Κύρβας) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) whose name is probably a variant of Korybas, singular for “Korybantes”

(d) OKYTHOOS  (Greek: Ωκύθοος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “the one running swiftly”

(e) PRYMNEUS  (Greek: Πρυμνεύς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) “of lower areas(?)”

(f) PYRRHICHOS  (Greek: Πυρῥιχος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of the rustic dance

26.0 Maenades (the) (Greek: μαινάδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) crazed nymphs in the retinue of Dionysus

(a) METHE  (Greek: Μέθη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) nymph of drunkenness

26.0 (a) METHE The goddess nymph of drunkness. She was a companion of the god Dionysus.

27.0 MELIAE  (Greek: Μελίαι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) nymphs of honey and the ash tree

27.0 MELIAE (Meliai) Rustic nymphs of the mountain ash-tree, of bees and honey. They nursed the first races of men.

28.0 Naiades (the) (Greek: Ναιάδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) fresh water nymphs

(a) DAPHNE  (Greek: Δάφνη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(b) METOPE  (Greek: Μετώπη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(c) MINTHE  (Greek: Μίνθη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

29.0 Nymphai Hyperboreioi (the) (Greek: Νύμφαι Υπερβόρειοι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) who presided over aspects of archery (The)

(a) HEKAERGE (Greek: Εκαέργη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) represented distancing

(b) LOXO  (Greek: Λοξώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) represented trajectory

29.0 (b) LOXO An archery nymph. She was one of the Hyperborean companions of the goddess Artemis.

(c) OUPIS  (Greek: Ουπις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) represented aim

29.0 (c) UPIS (Oupis) A Hyperborean archer nymph in the retinue of the goddess Artemis.

30.0 Oreades (the) (Greek: Ὀρεάδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) mountain nymphs

30.0 (b) ECHO (Ekho) The nymph of echoes. She was cursed by Hera to forever repeat the words of others, and faded away to a bodiless spirit after she was spurned by Narcissus.

(a) ADRASTEIA  (Greek: Αδράστεια) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a nursemaid of the infant Zeus

(b) ECHO  (Greek: Ηχώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a nymph cursed never to speak except to repeat the words of others

31.0 Oceanides (the)  (Greek: Ωκεανίδες) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) fresh water nymphs

(a) BEROE  (Greek: Βερόη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a nymph of Beirut, the daughter of Aphrodite and Adonis, who was wooed by both Dionysus and Poseidon

(b) CALYPSO  (Greek: Καλυψώ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(c) CLYTIE  (Greek: Κλυτίη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(d) IDYIA  (Greek: Ίδυια) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) wife of the Colchian king Aeetes, mother of Medea

(e) for the complete list, see List of Oceanids

31.0 (e) OCEANIDS (Okeanides) Fresh-water nymphs, the sisters of the River-Gods. They were nurses and protectors of the natural world, who had the young in their keeping. The Oceanides were mainly Naiads, Nephelae and Aurae. (A few late classical authors describe them as sea-nymphs, but only after the earth-encircling, fresh-water stream of Okeanos was re-imagined as a briny sea.)

32.0 Ourea (the)  (Greek: Ούρος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) primeval gods of mountains

32.0 OUREA The primeval gods of the mountains. Each mountain was a living god.

33.0 PALICI (the) (Greek: Παλικοί) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a pair of rustic gods who presided over the geysers and thermal springs in Sicily

33.0 PALICI (Palikoi) Daemones of thermal springs and geysers on the island of Sicily.

34.0 PAN  (Greek: Πάν) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of shepherds, pastures, and fertility

34.0 PAN The Arcadian god of shepherds and flocks. Men travelling through the lonely places of the wilds were struck with irrational panic by the god. Pan was depicted as a goat-legged, horned god.

35.0 Potamoi (the) (Greek: Ποταμοί) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) river gods

(a) ACHELOUS  (Greek: Αχέλους) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(b) ACIS  (Greek: Άκις) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(c) ACHERON  (Greek: Αχέρων) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(d) ALPHEUS  (Greek: Αλφειός) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(e) ASOPUS  (Greek: Ασωπός) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(f) CLADEUS  (Greek: Κλάδεος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(g) EUROTAS  (Greek: Ευρώτας) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(h) COCYTUS  (Greek: Kωκυτός) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(i) LETHE  (Greek: λήθη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(j) PENEUS  (Greek: Πηνειός) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(k) PHLEGETHON  (Greek: Φλεγέθων) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(l) STYX  (Greek: Στύξ) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(m) SCAMANDER  (Greek: Σκάμανδρος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

36.0 PRIAPUS  (Greek: Πρίαπος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) god of garden fertility

36.0 PRIAPUS (Priapos) The god of garden fertility. He was an ugly, lascivious deity, depicted with oversized genitals.

37.0 RHEA  (Greek: Ῥέα) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) the great mother and queen of the mountain wilds

37.0 RHEA  The great mother of the gods, queen of the mountain wilds. She drove a chariot drawn by lions accompanied by a band of spear-clashing Corybantes.

38.0 Satyrs (the) (Greek: Σάτυροι) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) rustic fertility spirits

38.0 SATYRS (Satyroi) Lascivious rustic spirits, Daemones of wilderness fertility. They were man-like creatures with horse’s-tails, puck-noses and ass’s ears. Drunken Satyrs formed the train of the god Dionysos. They chased Bacchantes and Nymphs through the mountain wilds.

(a) KROTOS  (Greek: Κρότος) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) a great hunter and musician who kept the company of the Muses on Mount Helicon

39.0 SILENUS  (Greek: Σειληνός) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) an old rustic god of the dance of the wine-press

39.0 SILENUS (Seilenos) An elderly, drunken god. He was the nurse of the infant Dionysus who became a permanent fixture in the god’s retinue. Silenus was depicted as a balding old man covered in fur-like, white hair.

40.0 TELETE  (Greek: Τελέτη) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) goddess of initiation into the Bacchic orgies

40.0 TELETE The goddess of initiation into the Bacchic orgies.

41.0 ZAGREUS  (Greek: Ζαγρεύς) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) in the Orphic mysteries, the first incarnation of Dionysus

41.0 ZAGREUS The first born Dionysus, son of Zeus and Persephone. As a child his father placed him on the throne of heaven, where he was seized and dismembered by the Titans. Zeus recovered his heart and fed it to Semele who rebirthed the god as Dionysus. The story belonged to the Orphic mysteries.

42.0 AEGIPAN (Aigipan) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) One of the goatish Panes. He came to the aid of Zeus when the god was disabled by the monster Typhoeus and as a reward for his help placed amongst the stars as the constellation Capricorn.

43.0 AIX (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The “goat” nymph wife of the god Pan.

44.0 AMPELUS (Ampelos) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) A satyricus (young satyr) loved by the god Dionysus. After his premature death he was transformed into a vine.

45.0 ANYTUS (Anytos) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The Curete guardian of the Arcadian goddess Despoene.

46.0 ARIADNE (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The wife of the god Dionysus. She was originally a Cretan princess who assisted Theseus in his quest to slay the Minotaur. Later when he abandoned her on the island of Naxos she was discovered and wed by Dionysus.

47.0 ARTEMIS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The great Olympian goddess of wild animals, birds and fresh-water fish, and of hunting, fishing and fowling. She wandered the mountains with her band of attendant hunting nymphs.

48.0 AURA (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The Titan goddess of the cooling breeze. She was a virgin huntress who was violated by Dionysus in her sleep.

49.0 AUTONOE (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The wife of the god Aristaeus and a nurse of the god Dionysus. She was a Bacchante in the retinue of the god.

50.0 BACCHANTES (Bakkhantes) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Thyrsus-wielding women and nymphs in the train of the god Dionysus. They were inspired with the Bacchic frenzy, dancing to the tune of clashing cymbals, rattling tambourines, flutes and drums.

51.0 BASSARIDES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Another name for the Bacchantes, the frenzied female companions of the god Dionysos.

6.0 BRITOMARTIS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The Cretan goddess of the nets used in hunting, fishing and fowling. She was a virgin goddess like her mainland counterpart Artemis.

52.0 CABIRI (Kabeiroi) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Two daemones who presided over the Mysteries of the islands of Lemnos and Samothrace. They were rustic, orgiastic, metalworking gods similar to the Curetes.

53.0 CADMILUS (Kadmilos) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) A rustic god. According ot some he was the father of the Cabiri.

54.0 CEDALION (Kedalion) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) One of the Cabiri. He guided the blind giant Orion to the rising place of the sun to have his sight restored.

56.0 CONISALUS (Konisalos) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) A satyr-like Daemon of garden fertility.

57.0 Corybantes (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx )

(a) PHRYGIAN (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Corybantes (1) (Korybantes) Shield-clashing, orgiastic Daemones in the service of the Cybele, the Mother of the Gods.

(b) SAMOTHRAKIAN (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Corybantes (2) (Korybantes) Orgiastic, shield-clashing daemones associated with the Mysteries of the island of Samothrace.

(c) EUBOIAN (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Corybantes (3) (Korybantes) Old rustic gods native to the island of Euboea.

58.0 DRYADS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Dryades) Nymphs of the trees and forests. The life spirit of the Hamadryad was bound to that of her sacred tree.

59.0 EPIMELIDES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The nymphs of meadows and pastures. These white-haired maidens were guardians of sheep flocks and fruit-trees.

60.0 GAEA (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Gaia) The primeval goddess of the earth. Her body was the earth itself. Gaea’s realm was shared by Demeter (the fertile plains) and Rhea (the mountain wilds).

61.0 HAMADRYADS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Hamadryades) Nymphs of the trees. They were a type of Dryad whose life force was bound to a tree.

62.0 HECAERGE (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Hekaerge) The goddess nymph of archery. She was one of the Hyperborean companions of the goddess Artemis.

63.0 HECATERIDES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Hekaterides) Nymphs of the high-stepping country dance. They were mothers of the Satyrs, Curetes and Oread nymphs.

64.0 MAENADS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Mainades) The “frenzied ones,” also known as Bacchantes, were the orgiastic female companions of the god Dionysus.

65.0 MELISSEUS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The old rustic god or Curete of honey and bee-keeping.

65.0 NAIADS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Naiades) Nymphs of fresh water : lakes, rivers, springs, marshes, fountains. They were daughters of Oceanus and the Potami.

66.0 NESI (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Nesoi) The primeval gods of islands.

67.0 Nymphs (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) see 29.0 (Nymphai) Female nature spirits. Dryads and Oreads had trees and forests in their care, Epimelides flocks and pastures, and Naiads springs, rivers and fountains.


68.0 NYSIADS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Nysiades) The Nymph nurses of the god Dionysus. They became the first Bacchantes in his train.

69.0 NYSUS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Nysos) The god of Mount Nysa, guardian of the infant Dionysus. He was probably the same as Silenus.

70.0 Oceanids of Artemis (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Sixty young Nymphs in the train of the goddess Artemis.


71.0 Oreads (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Oreiades) Nymphs of mountain-growing pine trees. The life of an Oread was bound to her tree.


72.0 ORTHANNES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) A satyr-like fertility Daemon.

73.0 OXYLUS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Oxylos) An old rustic god of mountain forests, father of the first of the Hamadryades. He was similar to Hecaterus.

74.0 Panes (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) Spirits of the wild with goat-legs, horns and tails, and sometimes goatish faces. They were a multiplication of the god Pan. Some called them his sons.


75.0 PHALES (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The satyr god of the processional phallus. He was a fertility Daemon in the retinue of Dionsyus.

76.0 PHAUNUS  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Phaunos) A rustic Italian god. Phaunos was the Greek form of the Latin Faunus.

77.0 Pheres Lamian (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) A tribe of ox-horned, beastly Daemones who were guardians of the infant god Dionysos. They remained members of his train.


78.0 Potami (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Potamoi) The gods of the rivers. Each river and stream had its own resident god. They were depicted as man-headed bulls or fish-tailed men.


79.0 Satyrs Hermeides  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Satyroi) Three satyr sons of Hermes, messengers of the god Dionysus.




80.0 Sileni (the) (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Seilenoi) Elderly drunken Satry companions of the god Dionysus. They were a multiplication of the god Silenus who were sometimes described as his sons.


81.0 SOCUS  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Sokos) An old rustic god native to the island of Euboea.

82.0 THRIAE  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Thriai) Goddess nymphs of the rustic art of divination by pebbles. They were minions of the god Hermes who were sometimes represented as women with the bodies of bees.

83.0 THYONE (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The mother of the god Dionysus and a goddess of the Bacchic orgies. She was originally the mortal princess Semele, who was consumed by the lightning of Zeus after Hera tricked her into demanding the god visit her in his full glory. Dionysus later fetched her from the underworld and made her a god.

84.0 THYSA  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) The goddess nymph of the Bacchic frenzy, one of the companions of the god Dionysus.

85.0 TITYRI  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Tityroi) Flute playing satyrs in the retinue of Dionysus.

86.0 TYCHON  (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Tykhon) A rustic fertility god similar to the Satyrs.

87.0 PYRRHICHUS (Greek: xxxx) (Latin: xxxx) (Translation: xxxx ) (Pyrrhikhos) The god of the rustic dance. He was one of the Curetes who was sometimes identified with Silenus.


References   [ + ]

4. Latin
6. Apollodorus E1.20, Diodorus Siculus 4.69.4, Hyginus Fabulae 62, Ovid Metamorphoses 12.112, Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.20
7. Pindar Pythian Ode 2, Philostratus the Elder 2.3
8. [1.1] Hesiod Shield of Herakles 178
9. [1.2]Pausanias 5.10.8, Athenaeus 1.10e
10. [1.3] Ovid Metamorphoses 12.112
11. [1.4]Virgil Georgics 2.454
12. [1.5]Valerius Flaccus 1.130
15. Source:

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