Greek mythological figures: Deified mortals


List of Deified mortals


1.0 ACHILLES (Greek: Ἀχιλλεύς) (Latin: Akhilleus) (Translation: Achilles’ name can be analyzed as a combination of ἄχος (akhos) “grief” and λαός (laos) “a people, tribe, nation.”)1)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achilles#Etymology hero of the Trojan War. ACHILLES2)http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Heroes/Achilles/achilles.html was a hero in Greek mythology and one of the main characters that participated in the Trojan War. He was also the protagonist of Homer’s epic, the Iliad. He was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and Thetis, a nymph. ΑΧΙΛΛΕΥΣ3)http://www.mythindex.com/greek-mythology/A/Achilles.html In the legends about Achilles, as about all the heroes of the Trojan war, the Homeric traditions should be carefully kept apart from the various additions and embellishments with which the gaps of the ancient story have been filled up by later poets and mythographers, not indeed by fabrications of their own, but by adopting those supplementary details, by which oral tradition in the course of centuries had variously altered and developed the original kernel of the story, or those accounts which were peculiar only to certain localities.


2.0 AIAKOS (Greek: Αἰακός) (Latin: Aeacus) a king of Aegina, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death. AEACUS4)http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Mortals/Aeacus/aeacus.html was the king of the island of Aegina in Greek mythology. He was the son of Zeus and Aegina, daughter of the river god Asopus. Aegina was brought by Zeus to the island then called Oenone, in order to save her from her parents’ wrath; the island later took after her name. Aeacus was born on the island, which was not inhabited at the time. So, Zeus transformed all the ants into men, forming the race of the Myrmidons (the word deriving from the Greek word for ant). Aeacus became the ruler of the Myrmidons. Another version has it that the island was inhabited; however, Hera, the jealous wife of Zeus, took the form of Aegina and sent a plague that drove away all of the inhabitants. That’s when Zeus transformed the ants into humans. Aeacus was considered a just and pious ruler, and was asked to judge over disputes of both men and gods all over Greece. The inhabitants of Aegina also believed that their ruler had created the cliffs that surrounded the island, in order to protect it from pirates. When Aeacus died, he went to the Underworld, where he became one of the three judges, the other two being Minos and Rhadamanthus. Aeacus Is also called Eacus.


3.0 AIOLOS AEOLUS (Greek: Αἴολος) (Latin: Aeolus) (Translation: Fast Shifting, Sparkling (aiolos)) a king of Thessaly, made the immortal king of the winds by Zeus. AIOLOS5)http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Aiolos.html (Aeolus) was the divine keeper of the winds and king of the mythical, floating island of Aiolia (Aeolia). He kept the violent Storm-Winds locked safely away inside the cavernous interior of his isle, releasing them only at the command of greatest gods to wreak devastation upon the world. The hero Odysseus once visited Aiolos’ isle and was entrusted with a bag containing all of the Storm-Winds to ensure a safe voyage home. However, during the trip, the hero’s greedy companions opened the bag in a search for gold and the escaping winds carried their ship all the way back to Aiolos’ shore. The Winds were often conceived of as horse-shaped gods or spirits, and as such Aiolos was titled Hippotades, “the reiner of horses,” from the Greek words hippos (“horse”) and tadên (“reined in tightly”). Homer’s wind-god Aiolos bears many similarities to Hesiod’s Ouranos (Uranus)–both are described as having six sons and daughers joined in wedlock, and both kept a group of storm-spirits locked behind a threshold of bronze. In the case of Ouranos, the twelve children were the Titan-gods, and the storm-gods were the Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires) and Kyklopes (Cyclopes) in Tartaros. Aiolos also resembles Astraios (Astraeus), Hesiod’s father of the winds and stars. Stesichorus seems to confirm this connection when he describes Aiolos Hippotades as the cousin of Iris Thaumantias (“the wondrous rainbow”) for Astraios was a son of Eurybia and Iris a daughter of Eurybia’s brother Thaumas. It should also be noted that the Greek words aiolos (“glittering”), aiolokhros (“spangled”), and astraios (“starry”) were all adjectives applied to the starry night-sky (ouranos).


4.0 ALABANDUS (Greek: Ἀλάβανδος) he was the founder of the town of Alabanda. ΑΛΑΒΑΝΔΟΣ6)http://www.mythindex.com/greek-mythology/A/Alabandus.html A Carian hero, son of Euippus and Calirrhoë, whom the inhabitants of Alabanda worshipped as the founder of their town. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Alabanda; Cic. de Nat. Deor. iii. 15, 19.) ALABANDUS7)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/deified-mortals.html (Alabandos) A hero of the town of Alabandus (in Asia Minor) who became a god.


5.0 AMPHIARAÔS AMPHIARAUS (Greek: Ἀμφιάραος) (Latin: Amphiaraus) (Translation: Pray-Around?) a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebes who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death. AMPHIARAUS (Amphiaraos) An Argive Seer and one of the warriors of the Seven Against Thebes. When he fled the battle after the army’s rout, the earth gaped open and swallowed him up. He was transformed into the prophetic spirit of a subterranean oracle.


6.0 ARIADNÊ ARIADNE (Greek: Αριάδνη) (Latin: Libera) (Translation: Most Holy [ari, adnos]) a Cretan princess who became the immortal wife of Dionysus. ARIADNE A Princess of Crete, who was abandoned by Theseus on the island of Naxos, where the god Dionysos discovered her and made her his wife. Ariadne was brought Olympos as the immortal spouse of the god. Some say he first had to recover her from Hades after her mortal death. ARIADNE was the immortal wife of the wine-god Dionysos. There were several versions of her story. In one, Ariadne, a daughter of King Minos of Krete (Crete), assisted Theseus in his quest to slay the Minotauros (Minotaur) and then fled with the hero aboard his ship. When they landed on the island of Naxos Theseus abandoned her as she slept. It was then that Dionysos discovered her and made her his wife. Some say she was later slain by the goddess Artemis or else ascended to Olympos with her husband as an immortal. According to others Ariadne’s bridal with Dionysos occurred several generations before this when the god was still travelling the earth spreading his cult. During his war against Argives with a band of sea-women, Ariadne was slain or turned to stone by King Perseus. The god descended into the underworld to recover her and brought her back with him to Olympos. In Greek vase painting Ariadne is often depicted alongside Dionysos–either feasting with the gods of Olympos or in Bacchic scenes surrounded by dancing Satyroi (Satyrs) and Mainades. Dionysos’ discovery of the sleeping Ariadne on Naxos was also a popular scene in classical art.


7.0 ARISTAIOS ARISTAEUS (Greek: Ἀρισταῖος) (Latin: Aristaeus) (Translation: Most Excellent) a Thessalian hero, his inventions saw him immortalised as the god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing, and hunting. ARISTAEUS (Aristaios) A rustic Thessalian hero who invented the art of bee-keeping, manufacture of olive-oil and hunting and herding techniques. He also summoned the Etesian winds to end the scorching heat of the midsummer months. As a reward for his benefactions Aristaeus was awarded immortality as a god in the retinue of Dionysus. ARISTAIOS (Aristaeus) was the rustic god of shepherds and cheesemaking, beekeeping, honey and honey-mead, olive growing and oil milling, medicinal herbs, hunting, and the Etesian winds which provided some respite from the scorching heat of midsummer. His name was derived from the Greek word aristos, “most excellent” or “most useful.”


8.0 ASKLÊPIOS, ASCLEPIUS ASCLEPIUS (Greek: Ἀσκληπιός) (Latin: Aesculapius) (Translation: To Cut Open) a Thessalian physician who was struck down by Zeus, to be later recovered by his father Apollo. ASCLEPIUS (Asklepios) A Thessalian physician whose exceptional skill allowed him to restore the dead. However, as this was contrary to the natural order of things, Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt. He was later recovered by his father Apollo from the land of the dead and entered Olympus as a god. ASKLEPIOS (Asclepius) was the god of medicine. He was also the patron god, and reputed ancestor, of the Asklepiades (Asclepiades), the ancient guild of doctors. Asklepios was the son of Apollon and the Trikkaian (Triccaean) princess Koronis (Coronis). His mother died in labour and when she was laid out on the pyre, Apollon cut the unborn child from her womb. From this Asklepios received his name which means “to cut open.” Asklepios was raised by the centaur Kheiron (Chiron) who instructed him in the art of medicine. He grew so skilled in the craft that he was able to restore the dead to life. This was a crime against the natural order and so Zeus destroyed him with a thunderbolt. After his death Asklepios was placed amongst the stars as the constellation Ophiochus (“the Serpent Holder”). Some say his mother was also set in the heavens as Corvus, the crow (korônêin Greek). Asklepios’ apotheosis into godhood occurred at the same time. He was sometimes identified with Homer’s Paion (Paeon), the physician of the gods. Asklepios was depicted as a kindly, bearded man holding a serpent-entwined staff. Although he is largely absent from ancient Greek vase painting, statues of the god are quite common.


9.0 ATTIS (Greek: Ἄττις) (Latin: Attis) (Translation: (non-Greek)) a consort of Cybele, granted immortality as one of her attendants. ATTIS A youth loved by the goddess Cybele. When he betrayed her love she caused him to castrate himself in a fit of madness. He was later granted immortality as her eunuch attendant. ATTIS was a Phrygian vegetation god, the consort of the great Mother Kybele (Cybele). He was forced by the goddess to castrate himself in a mad frenzy as punishment for his infidelity. Initiates into the eunuch priesthood of Kybele, called the Gallai, re-enacted the myth with their self-castration. Attis was closely identified by the Greeks with Iasion, consort of the Great Mother in the Mysteries of Samothrake. His story was also the likely source for the Greek tale of Aphrodite’s love for the youth Ankhises on Mount Ida in the Troad.


10.0 BOLINA (Greek: Βολίνα) (Latin: Bolina) (Translation: of the town Bolina) a mortal woman transformed into an immortal nymph by Apollo. BOLINA An Achaean woman loved by the god Apollo and granted immortality. BOLINA8)http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NympheBolina.html was either a Haliad or Naiad nymphe of the town of Bolina in Akhaia, southern Greece. If the latter, she probably presided over the town springs which flowed into the sea. Bolina was once a mortal maiden of the town who, fleeing from the amorous pursuit of the god Apollon, leapt into the sea to escape him. He then transformed her into an immortal Nymphe.


11.0  Dioscuri (The) Dioskouros, Dioskouroi (Greek: Διόσκουροι) (Latin: Dioscurus, Dioscuri) (Translation: Boys of Zeus [kouros dios]) divine twins DIOSCURI (Dioskouroi) Twin Spartan heroes named Castor and Polydeuces. When Polydeuces was granted immortality by his father Zeus, he insisted on sharing the privilege with his mortal-sired twin brother Castor. The god agreed, but the pair had to divide their time between heaven and the underworld as a result. The Dioscuri were the patron gods of horsemen and the Games, and protectors of sailors who appeared at sea in the form of Saint Elmo’s Fire. THE DIOSKOUROI9)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Dioskouroi.html (Dioscuri) were the star-crowned, twin gods of St. Elmo’s fire–an electrical discharge which appears on the rigging of ships portending deliverance from a storm. They were also gods of horsemanship and protectors of guests and travellers. The twins were born as mortal princes, sons of the Spartan queen Leda by Zeus and her husband Tyndareus. Because of their kindness and generosity they were apotheosised at death. Polydeukes (Polydeuces), being a son of Zeus, was at first the only one offered this gift but he insisted it be shared with his twin Kastor (Castor). Zeus agreed, but in order to appease the Fates, the twins had to spend alternate days in heaven and the underworld. The Dioskouroi were also placed amongst the stars as the constellation Gemini (the Twins). The division of their time between heaven and the underworld might be a reference to the heavenly cycles–for their constellation is visible in the sky for only six months of the year. The Dioskouroi were depicted as youthful horsemen with wide-brimmed traveller’s hats.


11.1 KASTOR CASTOR (Greek: Κάστωρ) (Latin: Castor) (Translation: Beaver? (kastôr]) Kastor (Castor)10)https://mythagora.com/encyctxt/enck.html#kastor A son of Zeus and the twin brother of Polydeukes (Polydeuces or Pollux); the two brothers are know as the Dioskuri (Dioscuri). Kastor and Polydeukes were the sons of a mortal woman named Leda; Leda was the wife of King Tyndareus of Sparta but she came to the notice of Zeus because of her beauty and nobility; Zeus came to Leda disguised as a swan and seduced her; after Kastor and Polydeukes were born, Zeus also fathered Helen with Leda; it seems apparent that King Tyndareus knew that some of Leda’s children were not his but he raised them as if they were his own; Kastor, Polydeukes and Helen had two half-sisters named Klytemnestra (Clytemnestra) and Timandra who were the children of Leda and Tyndareus. The ages of Leda’s children are not known with certainty but it is assumed that Kastor and Polydeukes were the oldest, followed by Klytemnestra, Helen and then Timandra. Kastor and Polydeukes had several adventures which distinguished them as fearless fighters and honorable young men. Kastor and Polydeukes joined the crew of the Argo and went on the Quest for the Golden Fleece; when Jason was organizing a crew of young heroes to sail with him to the distant land of Kolchis (Colchis) to retrieve the Golden Fleece, Kastor and Polydeukes were allowed to become members of the distinguished group who became known as the Argonauts, i.e. Argo Seamen.


11.2 POLYDEUKES POLLUX (Greek: Πολυδεύκης) (Latin: Polydeuces, Pollux) (Translation: Sweets? [deukos]) Polydeukes11)http://greekmythology.wikia.com/wiki/Polydeukes (Pollux) was the twin brother of Kastor, together known as the Dioskouri, and the brother of Helen. When Kastor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini. He sailed with the Argonauts, and took part in a boxing contest and defeated King Amycus of the Bebryces, a savage mythical people in Bithynia. After returning from the voyage, the Dioskouroi helped Jason and Peleus to destroy the city of Iolcus in revenge for the treachery of its king Pelias.


12.0 ENDYMIÔN ENDYMION (Greek: Ἐνδυμίων) (Latin: Endymion) (Translation: xxxx ) lover of Selene, granted eternal sleep so as never to age or die. ENDYMION A King of Elis loved by the moon-goddess Selene. He was granted immortality as her consort, but for the price of eternal sleep. ENDYMION12)http://www.theoi.com/Heros/Endymion.html was a handsome shepherd-prince loved by the moon-goddess Selene. When Zeus offered him his choice of destinies, Endymion chose immortality and youth in eternal slumber. He was laid out in a cave on Mount Latmus in Karia (Caria) where his lunar lover would visit him each night. In another myth–which contradicts the first–Endymion was a king of Elis in the Greek Peloponesse who founded the kingdom with a group of Aiolian (Aeolian) colonists from Thessalia (Thessaly). Zeus granted him foreknowledge of his own death and, when his time had come, he set up a racecourse at Olympia and commanded his sons compete for the throne. Endymion was afterwards entombed beside the starting gate. The Eleian myths about King Endymion belong to the Greek tradition. The stories of the sleeping prince of Mount Latmos in Anatolia, on the other hand, were apparently a Greek translation of stories concerning the indigenous Karian moon-god Men–the Karians were a non-Greek people native to that region of Asia Minor. As the Greek moon-deity was female, the story was amended somewhat.


13.0 GANYMÊDÊS GANYMEDE (Greek: Γανυμήδης) (Latin: Ganymede, Catamitus) (Translation: Gladdening Prince) a handsome Trojan prince, abducted by Zeus and made cup-bearer of the gods. GANYMEDE (Ganymedes) A handsome, young Trojan prince caught up to Olympus by the god Zeus who admired him for his beauty. Ganymede was made the cup-bearer of the gods. GANYMEDES13)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Ganymedes.html (Ganymede) was a handsome Trojan prince who was carried off to heaven by Zeus in the shape of an eagle where he was appointed as cup-bearer of the gods. Ganymedes was also placed amongst the stars as the constellation Aquarius, his ambrosial mixing cup as Crater, and the eagle as Aquila. Ganymedes was often portrayed as the god of homosexual love and as such appears as a playmate of the love-gods Eros (Love) and Hymenaios (Hymenaeus) (Marital Love). Ganymedes was depicted in Greek vase painting as a handsome youth. In scenes of his abduction he holds a rooster (a lover’s gift), hoop (a boy’s toy), or lyre. When portrayed as the cup-bearer of the gods he pours nectar from a jug. In sculpture and mosaic art Ganymedes usually appears with shepherd’s crock and a Phrygian cap. The boy’s name was derived from the Greek words ganumai “gladdening” and mêdon ormedeôn, “prince” or “genitals.” The name may have been formed to contain a deliberate double-meaning.


14.0 GLAUKOS GLAUCUS (Greek: Γλαῦκος) (Latin: Glaucus) (Translation: Sea-Grey (glaukos)) the fisherman’s sea god, made immortal after eating a magical herb. GLAUCUS (Glaukos) A fisherman from the Boeotian town of Anthedon. After eating a magical herb he found growing on the sea-shore, Glaucus was transformed into a fish-tailed sea-god. GLAUKOS14)http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Glaukos.html (Glaucus) was a mortal fisherman who was transformed into a sea-god after eating a magical herb. He was the patron god of fishermen. Proteus was described as a blue-skinned merman, with copper-green hair and a serpentine fish-tail in place of legs.


15.0 HÊMITHEA HEMITHEA (Greek: Ἡμιθέα) (Latin: Hemithea) (Translation: Demi-Goddess (hêmithea)) 1 of the princesses of the Island of Naxos who leapt into the sea to escape their father’s wrath; Apollo transformed them into demi-goddesses HEMITHEA An Aegean princess, known as Molpadia in life. She leapt into the sea to escape her angry father and was transformed into a maiden goddess by Apollo. HEMITHEA15)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaHemithea.html was a princess of the island of Naxos who leapt into the sea, along with her sister Parthenos, to escape the wrath of her father Staphylos. The pair were transformed into goddesses by Apollon who, according to some, was their natural father. Hemithea was worshipped in the town of Kastabos (Castabus) on the Karian Kherronesos (Carian Chersonese) and her sister Parthenos in neighbouring Bubastos.


16.0 PARTHENOS (Greek: Παρθένος) (Latin: Parthenus) (Translation: Maiden [parthenos]) 1 of the princesses of the Island of Naxos who leapt into the sea to escape their father’s wrath; Apollo transformed them into demi-goddesses. PARTHENOS16)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/deified-mortals.html An Aegean princes who leapt into the sea to escape the murderous wrath of her father. She and her sister were transformed into maiden goddesses by Apollo. PARTHENOS17)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaParthenos.html was a princess of the island of Naxos who leapt into the sea, along with her sister Hemithea, to escape the wrath of her father Staphylos. The pair were transformed into goddesses by Apollon who, according to some, was their natural father. Parthenos was worshipped in the Karian (Carian) town of Bubastos and her sister Hemithea in neighbouring Kastabos (Castabus). According to some Parthenos was also set amongst the stars as the constellation Virgo.


17.0 HERAKLES HERACLES (Greek: Ἡρακλῆς) (Latin: Herakles) (Translation: “glory”) ascended hero. HERACLES18)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/heracles.html (Herakles) The greatest of the Greek heroes. As he was burning on the funeral pyre, the goddess Athena descended from heaven and caught him up in her chariot, transporting him to the company of the gods on Olympus. There he wed the goddess Hebe and was appointed guardian of heavenly gates.os. He was widely worshipped as a god throughout historic Greece. HERACLES19)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heracles (/ˈhɛrəklz/ herr-ə-kleez; Ancient Greek: Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklēs, from Hēra, “Hera”, and kleos, “glory”), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson/half-brother (as they are both sired by the god Zeus) of Perseus. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae (Ἡρακλεῖδαι) and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters. In Rome and the modern West, he is known as Hercules, with whom the later Roman emperors, in particular Commodus and Maximian, often identified themselves. The Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged, but added anecdotal detail of their own, some of it linking the hero with the geography of the Central Mediterranean


18.0 LAMPSAKE LAMPSACE (Greek: Λαμψάκη) (Latin: Lampsace) (Translation: xxxx ) a semi-historical Bebrycian princess honored as goddess for her assistance to the Greeks. LAMPSACE20)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lampsace In Greek legendary history, Lampsace or Lampsake (Λαμψάκη) was the eponym of the city Lampsacus, honored as a heroine and later deified. The story concerning her, known from the works of Plutarch and Polyaenus, is as follows. Lampsace was the daughter of Mandron, king of the Bebryces in Pityussa (the older name for Lampsacus). Her father was assisted by Phobus of Phocaea in a military conflict against the neighboring people, and, in reward, assigned to Phobus a part of his kingdom, to where the latter led a colony from Phocaea. The colonists subsequently led several successful military campaigns and obtained plenty of trophies, which made the barbarian population of Pityussa fear and envy them. Thereupon the Bebrycians devised a plot to drive the Greeks out of their land in the absence of Mandron. Lampsace became aware of the plot and reported it to the Greeks, who then forestalled the barbarians by developing a stratagem of their own: they invited the Bebrycians to a sacrificial banquet and when those got drunk, one half of the Greeks massacred them while the other half was taking control over the city walls. The Greeks then invited Mandron to reign over them but he chose to leave, taking wives and children of those slain away with him. Lampsace was greatly honored for having informed the Greeks of the imminent threat, but she fell sick and died. The citizens gave magnificent burial to her and went on to worship her as a heroine, renaming Pityussa to Lampsacus in her honor; later on a vote was held to promote her to the status of a goddess. As such she was venerated as late as the times of Plutarch.


19.0 MINÔS MINOS (Greek: Μίνως) (Latin: Minos) a king of Crete, appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld after his death. MINOS A King of the island of Crete. After death he was appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld, alongside Aeacus and Rhadamanthys. RHADAMANTHYS21)http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Rhadamanthys.html, MINOS and AIAKOS (Aeacus) were the judges of the dead, three demi-god ministers of Haides. They were originally mortal men, sons of the god Zeus, who were granted their station in death as a reward for establishing law and order on earth. Individually, Aiakos was guardian of the keys of Haides and judge of the men of Europe, Rhadamanthys the lord of Elysion (Elysium) and judge of the men of Asia, and Minos the judge of the third and final vote. According to some Triptolemos was a fourth judge who presided over the souls of Initiates of the Mysteries. The name Aiakos was derived from the Greek words aiaktos and aiazô, “wailing” and “lamentation.” The etymology of the other names is obscure. The mortal lives of the three judges is not detailed on this page only their role in the afterlife.


20.0 INÔ INO (Greek: Ἰνώ) (Latin: Ino) (Translation: Of the Ionian Sea) a Theban princess who became the sea goddess. INO22)http://www.theoi.com/Encyc_I.htmlA woman transformed into a sea-goddess after she leapt into the sea to escape her crazed husband. She became a protectress of sailors who rescued men from drowning. Leucothea. INO23)http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Mortals/Ino/ino.html was a queen of Thebes in Greek mythology, the daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. She was the second wife of King Athamas, with whom she had two children, Learches and Melicertes. Her sisters were Agave, Autonoe, and Semele, who was the mother of the god Dionysus.  Ino hated Athamas‘ children from his first marriage with the goddess Nephele, especially the twins Phrixus and Helle. So, she devised a plot to kill them. She collected all crop seeds from the region and roasted them. The farmers, seeing that their crops wouldn’t grow and afraid of famine, sent messengers to a nearby oracle for advice. Ino bribed the messengers to say that the oracle demanded the sacrifice of the twins. Athamas reluctantly agreed, and everything was prepared for the sacrifice. However, just before the children were killed, their natural mother Nephele sent a flying golden ram to save them. Phrixus and Helle were told never to look down while flying on the ram, but at some point, Helle ignored her mother’s advice and fell to her death. The patch of sea where Helle died later took her name and has been called Hellespont since then. Phrixus survived the flight and reached Colchis, where the king Aeetes welcomed him; Phrixus, grateful for the hospitality, gave the golden fleece of the ram as a gift to the king, which would later be the object of desire for Jason and the ArgonautsIno helped raise her nephew Dionysus, causing Hera‘s jealousy. Hera caused Athamas to get mad, thus killing one of his sons, Learches; Ino, in an attempt to escape, took her other son Melicertes, and together fell into the sea. Due to this event, Ino was later deified and was worshipped as the goddess Leucothea, while Melicertes became the god Palaemon. Athamas regained his sanity and fled, and later married Themisto with whom he had a number of children. When he returned to Ino, he caused Themisto‘s jealousy, who devised a plot to kill Ino‘s children. She dressed Ino‘s children in black and her own in white, and paid to have the children in black killed. However, Ino had switched the clothes among the children, and Themisto‘s children were killed instead.


21.0 TÊNNÊS, TÊNÊS TENES (Greek: Τέννης) (Latin: Tennes) (Translation: Of Tenedos Island) was a hero of the island of Tenedos. TENNES24)http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/deified-mortals.html A hero of the island of Tenedos who was elevated to godhood after his death. KYKNOS25)http://www.theoi.com/Heros/KyknosKolonaios.html (or Cycnus) and his son TENNES (or Tenes) were the first Trojan champions to oppose the Greeks at Troy. Kyknos, king of Trojan Kolonai, was a son of the god Poseidon. At birth he was abandoned by his mother on the sea-shore, where he was nurtured by gulls until some passing fishermen found him and raised him as their own. Kyknos married Prokleia, a daughter of King Laomedon of Troy, who bore him Tennes and Hemithea. Some, however, say that the twins were sired by the god Apollon. After the death of his first wife, Kyknos married a woman named Philonome who fell madly in love with her step-son Tennes. When he refused her advances, she complained to her husband that he had committed a like offence, and the king in his rage set the boy and his sister adrift at sea in a chest. They came ashore on the nearby island of Leukophrys which Tennes renamed Tenedos after himself. When the Greek fleet led by Agamemnon set out for Troy, they landed first on the island of Tenedos. Thetis sent a message to Akhilleus, warning him not to slay Tennes, for this would arouse Apollon against him. However, the messenger was lax in his duty and the warning delivered too late, for Akhilleus having seduced Tennes’ sister Hemithea, entered a brawl with the king and killed him. The twins were afterwards elevated to godhood and worshipped as the chief divinities of the island. The islanders identified Hemithea with Leukothea, mother of the sea-god Palaimon. In historical times the Tenedians sacrificed infants to this god–a rare example of institutionalised human sacrifice in ancient Greece. After the events of Tenedos the Greeks landed at Troy, where Kyknos and Hektor stood as champions of the Trojan defence. Poseidon had made his son Kyknos invulnerable to weapons, but after a heated battle, Akhilleus managed to slay him, either with the cast of a millstone or by strangling him with the thong of his helmet. He was then transformed by the god into a swan (kyknos in Greek). There were several others heroes named Kyknos in Greek mythology all associated with the swan, including a son of Ares who fought Herakles in Phthiotis, and a friend of Phaethon from Ligouria.


22.0 Leukippis, Leucippides (The) (Greek: Λευκιππίδες) (Latin: Leucippis, Leucippides) (Translation: White Horses) wives of the Dioscuri. LEUKIPPIDES26)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaLeukippides.html (Leucippides) were two Messenian princesses who were granted immortality alongside their Dioskouroi (Dioscuri) husbands. The Dioskouroi abducted the girls from their home in Messenia but they were already betrothed to the brothers Idas and Lynkeus (Lynceus) who gave chase. In the fight which ensued one of the Dioskouroi and both of the Aphareides were killed. Zeus then transformed the twins and their brides into immortal demigods. The name Leukippides means both “Daughters of Leukippos” and “Of the White-Horses” from the Greek words leukos and hippos. Individually they were named Phoibe (Lunar-Bright) and Hilaeira (Softly-Shining), fitting names for the wives of the star-spangled twins of the constellation Gemini. The words “hilaeira” and “phoibe” were also epithets of the moon-goddess Selene who drove a two-horse biga through the sky.


22.1 PHOIBÊ / PHOEBE (Greek: Φοίβη) (Latin: Phoebe) (Translation: Lunar-Bright / Pure, Bright (phoibos)) wife of Pollux. 


22.1 HILAEIRA / HILAERA (Greek: Ἱλάειρα) (Latin: Hilaera) (Translation: Softly-Shining) wife of Castor


23.0 OREITHYIA ORITHYIA (Greek: Ὠρείθυια) (Latin: Orithyia) (Translation: Mountain-Raging) an Athenian princess abducted by Boreas and made the goddess of cold, gusty mountain winds. OREITHYIA27)http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NympheOreithyia1.html (Orithyia) was the mountain-nymph wife of Boreas the North-Wind who dwelt with her husband in a cave on Mount Haimos (Haemus) in Thrake. Oreithyia was once a mortal princess who was abducted by the god from the banks of the river Ilissos near Athens. He carried her off to Thrake where she became his immortal wife. Oreithyia was probably the goddess of chill mountain winds for her name means “mountain-rager”–from the Greek words oreios and thyô–and she was named the mother of Khione (Snow). Oreithyia’s sisters Pandrosos (All Dewy) and Herse (Dew) were also minor Athenian deities. Oreithyia was probably the same as Khione (Chione) who was also described as the consort of the North Wind.


24.0 PALAIMON / PALAEMON (Greek: Παλαίμων) (Latin: Palaemon / Portunus) (Translation: Wrestler (palaimon)) a Theban prince, made into a sea god along with his mother, Ino. PALAIMON28)http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Palaimon.html (Palaemon) was a child sea-god who, with his mother Leukothea (Leucothea), came to the aid of sailors in distress. He was originally a mortal boy named Melikertes (Melicertes) whose parents incurred the wrath of Hera for fostering the young god Dionysos. His father was driven into a murderous rage by the goddess and Ino fled with Melikertes in her arms, leaping off the cliffs into the sea. The pair were transformed into sea-gods and renamed Palaimon and Leukothea. Palaimon was depicted in Greco-Roman mosaic as either a dolphin-riding boy or a fish-tailed child Triton. The name Melikertes was derived from that of the Phoenician god Melkart or Melqart. However the Greeks re-interpreted this name to mean “the honey-eater.” The Romans identified Palaimon with Portunus their god “of the harbour.”


25.0 PHYLONOÊ PHYLONOE (Greek: Φυλονόη) (Latin: Phylonoe) (Translation: Mind of the People) daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, made immortal by Artemis. PHYLONOE29)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaPhylonoe.html was a Spartan maiden who was granted immortality as a demigoddess in the train of Artemis. According to Athenagoras Phylonoe was worshipped in Sparta. Her name means “mind of the people” from the Greek words phylê and noos. She was perhaps identified with Polyboia.


26.0 PSYKHÊ PSYCHE (Greek: Ψυχήx) (Latin: Psyche) (Translation: Soul (psykhê)) goddess of the soul. PSYKHE30)http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Psykhe.html (Psyche) was the goddess of the soul and the wife of Eros (Roman Cupid) god of love. She was once a mortal princess whose extraordinary beauty earned the ire of Aphrodite (Roman Venus) when men began turning their worship away from the goddess towards the girl. Aphrodite commanded Eros make Psykhe fall in love with the most hideous of men but the god instead fell in love and carried her off to his hidden palace. Eros hid his true identity and told Psykhe she must never gaze upon his face. Her jealous sisters, however, tricked her into disobeying and the angry god forsook her. Psykhe searched the world for her lost love and eventually came into the service of Aphrodite. The goddess commanded her perform a series of seemingly impossible tasks which culminated in a journey to the Underworld. Psykhe was afterwards reunited with Eros and the couple were married in a ceremony attended by all the gods. Psykhe was depicted in ancient mosaic art as a butterfly-winged woman in the company of her husband Eros. Sometimes a pair of Pyskhai (Psychae) were depicted–the second perhaps representing their daughter Hedone (Pleasure).

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_mythological_figures

References   [ + ]

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achilles#Etymology
2. http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Heroes/Achilles/achilles.html
3. http://www.mythindex.com/greek-mythology/A/Achilles.html
4. http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Mortals/Aeacus/aeacus.html
5. http://www.theoi.com/Titan/Aiolos.html
6. http://www.mythindex.com/greek-mythology/A/Alabandus.html
7, 16, 24. http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/deified-mortals.html
8. http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NympheBolina.html
9. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Dioskouroi.html
10. https://mythagora.com/encyctxt/enck.html#kastor
11. http://greekmythology.wikia.com/wiki/Polydeukes
12. http://www.theoi.com/Heros/Endymion.html
13. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Ganymedes.html
14. http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Glaukos.html
15. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaHemithea.html
17. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaParthenos.html
18. http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/heracles.html
19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heracles
20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lampsace
21. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Rhadamanthys.html
22. http://www.theoi.com/Encyc_I.html
23. http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Mortals/Ino/ino.html
25. http://www.theoi.com/Heros/KyknosKolonaios.html
26. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaLeukippides.html
27. http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NympheOreithyia1.html
28. http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Palaimon.html
29. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/ApotheothenaPhylonoe.html
30. http://www.theoi.com/Ouranios/Psykhe.html

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *