Greek mythological figures: Agricultural deities


There were a large number of gods and demigods associated with the various Mystery-cults. However, descriptions of these are sparse due to the strict rules of secrecy surrounding these ancient religions.

Agricultural deities List 



1.0: ADONIS:1) (Άδωνις), a life-death-rebirth deity Greek: Άδωνις) (Latin: x) Translation:2) Adōnis was a borrowing from the Canaanite word ʼadōn, meaning “lord”

2.0: APHAEA: minor goddess of agriculture and fertility xx (Greek: Αφαία) (Latin: Aphaía) Translation: The missing person

3.0: KARMANOR: (Karmanor) A Cretan harvest god whose name is derived from the word “to crop” or “shear.” He was a consort of the goddess Demeter. (Greek: Καρμανορ) (Latin: Carmanor) Translation: Crop, Shear

4.0: KARMÊ: (Karme) A Cretan goddess-nymph who probably presided over the harvest festival, her name meaning “to crop” or “shear.” Her father Carmanor was the consort of Demeter in the local cult, and Carme was probably the goddess’ daughter. (Greek: Καρμη) (Latin: Carme) Translation: Crop, Shear

5.0: KHRYSOTHEMIS: (Khrysothemis) A Cretan goddess, daughter of Carmanor “the shearer,” whose own name means “golden custom.” She was also known as Acacallis after the Cretan word for narcissus. She may have been a goddess of the cult hymns (like the Eleusinian Eumolpus) for a myth recounts that she won the first musical contest at Delphi. (Greek: Κρυσοθεμις) (Latin: Chrysothemis) Translation: Golden Custom

6.0: KYAMITÊS: (Kyamites) The demi-god of the bean. He was one of the heroes of the Eleusinian mysteries. The bean was for some reason a taboo foodstuff for initiates in the cult. (Greek: Κυαμιτης) (Latin: Cyamites) Translation: Bean-Man (kyamos)

7.0: DÊMÊTÊR: The great Olympian goddess of agriculture, its chief crops, maize and barley, and its products, flour and bread. She was the chief goddess of the Eleusinian Mysteries whose initiates were promised the path to a blessed afterlife. (Greek: Δημητηρ) (Latin: Demeter) Translation: Ceres

8.0: DESPOINÊ: (Δέσποινη), daughter of Poseidon and Demeter, goddess of mysteries in Arcadia. (Greek: Δεσποινη) (Latin: Despoena) Translation: Mistress (despoina). Despoine (Despoena) was a fertility goddess of the Arkadian (Arcadian) Mystery cult of Akakesion (Acacesium). She was worshipped alongside her mother Demeter, sister Persephone, and Artemis. Her true name and function were revealed only to the initiates.

9.0: DIONYSUS: (Dionysos) The god of viticulture and wine, and chief god of a number of Mystery cults. In the Eleusinian mysteries Dionysus was a spring-time god closely associated with Persephone. (Greek: Διονυσος) (Latin: Dionysos) Translation: Liber, Bacchus

10.0: EUNOSTUS: (Eunostos) The goddess protector of the flour mill and the grain silo. Her name means “she of the good yield.” The name might simply be a cult epithet of the goddess Demeter. (Greek: Ευνοστος) (Latin: Eunostos) Translation: Good Yield (nostos)

11.0: HESTIA: (Ἑστία) The maiden goddess of the hearth who presided over the baking of bread, mankind’s stable food. She was closely associated with the grain-goddess Demeter, and the pair were often depicted seated side by side amongst the gods of Olympus. (Greek: Ἑστια) (Latin: Hestia) Translation: Hearth (hestia)

12.0: PERSEPHONÊ: (Περσεφόνη) The queen of the underworld and goddess of the grain. Her return to the earth marked the onset of spring and the sprouting of the new grain. In the Mystery cult she presided over secret rites which ensured initiates the path to a blessed afterlife. (Greek: Περσεφονη) (Latin: Persephone) Translation: Proserpina

13.0: PHILOMÊLOS: (Φιλόμελος), agricultural demi-god inventor of the wagon and the plough xx (Greek: Φιλομηλος) (Latin: Philomelus) Translation: Friend of Ease

14.0: PLOUTOS: (Ploutos) (Πλοῦτος) The blind god of agricultural wealth and bountiful harvests. He was a son of Demeter who was depicted as a boy holding a cornucopia (horn of plenty) sprouting with grain or the fruits of the earth. (Greek: Πλουτος) (Latin: Plutus) Translation: Wealth (ploutos)

15.0: TRIPTOLEMUS: (Triptolemos) The greatest of the Eleusinian demi-gods or heroes. He was despatched by Demeter and Persephone in a winged, serpent-drawn chariot to instruct the whole of mankind in the art of agriculture. His name means “he who pounds the husks”, and he was probably associated in the Mysteries with the sacred threshing floor. (Greek: Τριπτολεμος) (Latin: Triptolemus) Translation: Pounding Husks



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