The past decadeshttp://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-1837ad have seen the lands of the Ottoman empire experience renewed centralized rule, with the provincial elites in Syriahttp://www.timemaps.com/history/syria-1871ad and Iraqhttp://www.timemaps.com/history/iraq-1871ad being brought firmly back under the authority of the sultan’s government. Egypthttp://www.timemaps.com/history/egypt-1871ad is by now an independent kingdom.
In Iran,http://www.timemaps.com/history/iran-1871ad weak government and social stagnation continue; while remaining politically independent, the country is coming increasingly under the economic control of Britain. In fact, European (especially British and French) influence is growing throughout the region. The opening of the Suez canal has turned the Middle East into a vital strategic interest for Western powers. The canal is a main thoroughfare for Western trade, as well as an important link in the military chains tying the European powers to their overseas empires in East Africa,http://www.timemaps.com/history/africa-1871ad India,http://www.timemaps.com/history/south-asia-1871ad SE Asiahttp://www.timemaps.com/history/south-east-asia-1871ad and the Pacific.http://www.timemaps.com/history/oceania-1871ad
ORIGINAL SOURCE: timemaps.com