MAPS: 1500BC – 1000BC Middle East

Middle East 2500BC – 1500BC


The past thousand years[1] have seen many upheavals in the Middle East, particularly in Mesopotamia[2] and surrounding regions. Tribes from the fringes of the old civilizations have come in to create new states and empires: the Hittite,[3] Mitanni and Babylonian empires are ruled by Indo-European speakers from the north and east. These states are joined by the New Kingdom of Egypt[4] to form the leading powers of the region.

These centralized states are home to highly sophisticated – and already ancient – civilizations, with a complex commercial life, bureaucracies, and well-organized armies based on a new technology, the chariot. The struggles between them dominate the history of the Middle Eastern world at this period.


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