MAPS: 1500BC – 1000BC Middle East

Middle East 2500BC – 1500BC


The past thousand years1) have seen many upheavals in the Middle East, particularly in Mesopotamia2) and surrounding regions. Tribes from the fringes of the old civilizations have come in to create new states and empires: the Hittite,3) Mitanni and Babylonian empires are ruled by Indo-European speakers from the north and east. These states are joined by the New Kingdom of Egypt4) to form the leading powers of the region.

These centralized states are home to highly sophisticated – and already ancient – civilizations, with a complex commercial life, bureaucracies, and well-organized armies based on a new technology, the chariot. The struggles between them dominate the history of the Middle Eastern world at this period.


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