MAPS: 1453AD – 1648AD Middle East

Middle East 1453AD – 1648AD


Over the past two centuries,1) most of the Middle East has come under the rule of two major powers. The Ottoman empire sent its armies east from Asia Minor2) to conquer Syria3) in 1516,  Egypt4) in 1517, western Arabia5) (the Hejaz and Yemen) in the following years, and Iraq6) in 1534. The Ottomans have brought much needed peace and stability to these countries, and a measure of economic progress. To the east has arisen the other major Middle Eastern power, Safavid Iran.7) Under the Safavids, Iran has experienced a period of great cultural achievement, particularly in architecture.


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