MAPS: 1453AD – 1648AD Middle East

Middle East 1453AD – 1648AD


Over the past two centuries,[1] most of the Middle East has come under the rule of two major powers. The Ottoman empire sent its armies east from Asia Minor[2] to conquer Syria[3] in 1516,  Egypt[4] in 1517, western Arabia[5] (the Hejaz and Yemen) in the following years, and Iraq[6] in 1534. The Ottomans have brought much needed peace and stability to these countries, and a measure of economic progress. To the east has arisen the other major Middle Eastern power, Safavid Iran.[7] Under the Safavids, Iran has experienced a period of great cultural achievement, particularly in architecture.


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