The past two and a half centuries1)http://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-500ad have seen the map of the Middle East change radically. In the 7th century Arab2)http://www.timemaps.com/history/arabia-750ad tribes, united under the banner of a new religion, Islam, swept outwards in a surge of conquests: Iraq3)http://www.timemaps.com/history/iraq-750ad and Iran,4)http://www.timemaps.com/history/iran-750ad Syria and Palestine,5)http://www.timemaps.com/history/syria-750ad Egypt6)http://www.timemaps.com/history/egypt-750ad and North Africa,7)http://www.timemaps.com/history/north-africa-750ad Spain8)http://www.timemaps.com/history/spain-750ad – all have fallen to them. Arab armies have penetrated as far as central Asia, western India9)http://www.timemaps.com/history/south-asia-750ad and, briefly, into France.10)http://www.timemaps.com/history/france-750ad
The Persian empire vanished under the onslaught, and the Byzantine empire11)http://www.timemaps.com/history/turkey-750ad lost its most valuable provinces. In their place, the Arabs established a vast empire, called the “Caliphate” (“caliph” means “successor”, in this case to the Prophet Muhammed). Up until now it has been ruled from Damascus, in Syria; with a change of dynasty, its capital will very soon become Baghdad, in Iraq.
ORIGINAL SOURCE: timemaps.com
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