MAPS: 0500AD – 0750AD Middle East

Middle East 500AD – 750AD

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The past two and a half centuries[1]http://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-500ad have seen the map of the Middle East change radically. In the 7th century Arab[2]http://www.timemaps.com/history/arabia-750ad tribes, united under the banner of a new religion, Islam, swept outwards in a surge of conquests: Iraq[3]http://www.timemaps.com/history/iraq-750ad and Iran,[4]http://www.timemaps.com/history/iran-750ad Syria and Palestine,[5]http://www.timemaps.com/history/syria-750ad Egypt[6]http://www.timemaps.com/history/egypt-750ad and North Africa,[7]http://www.timemaps.com/history/north-africa-750ad Spain[8]http://www.timemaps.com/history/spain-750ad – all have fallen to them. Arab armies have penetrated as far as central Asia, western India[9]http://www.timemaps.com/history/south-asia-750ad and, briefly, into France.[10]http://www.timemaps.com/history/france-750ad

The Persian empire vanished under the onslaught, and the Byzantine empire[11]http://www.timemaps.com/history/turkey-750ad lost its most valuable provinces. In their place, the Arabs established a vast empire, called the “Caliphate” (“caliph” means “successor”, in this case to the Prophet Muhammed). Up until now it has been ruled from Damascus, in Syria; with a change of dynasty, its capital will very soon become Baghdad, in Iraq.

ORIGINAL SOURCE: timemaps.com

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