For the past two hundred years1)http://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-30bc the Middle East continues to be divided2)http://www.timemaps.com/history-middle-east#6 between the hostile empires of Rome and Parthia, with Asia Minor,3)http://www.timemaps.com/history/turkey-200ad Syria and Judaea,4)http://www.timemaps.com/history/syria-200ad and Egypt5)http://www.timemaps.com/history/ancient-egypt-200ad under the firm rule of the Roman empire, and Mesopotamia6)http://www.timemaps.com/history/iraq-200ad and Iran7)http://www.timemaps.com/history/iran-200ad under the Parthians. The kingdom of Armenia acts as a buffer between the two, regularly fought over. The Roman empire normally has the better of the fighting, and has launched two major invasions which have penetrated deep into the heartland of the Parthian empire.
One small part of the Middle East, Judaea, has seen the birth of one of the major religions of world history, Christianity.8)http://www.timemaps.com/history-middle-east#christianity Later, however, two great rebellions there were crushed by the Romans, and the Jewish people were dispersed from their ancient homeland.
ORIGINAL SOURCE: timemaps.com