Syria 30BC – 200AD
For the past two centuries,1)http://www.timemaps.com/history/syria-30bc the inhabitants of Syria have experienced peace and prosperity under Roman rule. Magnificent cities, run by highly civilized Greek-speaking elites, stud the region.
In the south the Jews remained unreconciled to Roman rule. A great Jewish revolt, lasting from AD 66 to AD 70, ended in the sack of Jerusalem, and a second revolt in 133, after being harshly repressed by the Romans, resulted in the expulsion of Jews from central Judaea. Jerusalem was eventually rebuilt as a Roman colony.
By this time, the new religion of Christianity had appeared in Judaea, founded by an (apparently) ordinary Jew, Jesus of Nazareth (lived c. 6 BC to c. AD 31). It was soon spreading far and wide in the Roman and Parthian2)http://www.timemaps.com/history/middle-east-200ad empires.
Original Source: timemaps.com