Map: Syria in c. AD 1837

Syria 1789AD – 1837AD


Muhammed Ali, the renegade governor of Egypt, conquered Syria in 1831 and installed his son, Ibraham Pasha, as governor there. Under Ibrahim, a much higher degree of control prevailed, with administration being in the hands of appointed officials. Law and order was strengthened, and the Bedouin nomads were pushed back from the agricultural areas. Not all this was welcomed by the local population: taxes were heavy, and Ibrahim’s government tried to introduce military conscription.

An exception to this centralization was the Mount Lebanon area. Ibrahim preserved the independence of the principality in this region, and indeed formed a close working alliance with its prince.

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