ME: Rise of Islam 9th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
1st millennium CE
9th century (801–900 CE / 184–288 AH)
801 873 ACADEMIA: Al-Kindi, promoter of Greek and Hellenistic philosophy, introduced Indian numerals
803 ACADEMIA: Jabir ibn Hayyan, first to produce sulfuric acid, and other chemicals and instruments
 DEFEAT: Downfall of the Barmakids
EXECUTION: Ja’far ibn Yahya executed.
805 REVOLT: Outbreak of revolt of Rafi ibn al-Layth in Khurasan
CAMPAIGN: Harun al-Rashid leads a huge campaign against the Byzantines
Death of Harun al-Rashid
Accession of al-Amin.
810 ACADEMIA: House of Wisdom set up in Baghdad, where Greek and Indian mathematical and astronomy works were translated into Arabic
Muhammad al-Taqi, the 9th Shia Imam was born
811 WAR: Abbasid Civil War
BATTLE: Battle of Rayy in Persia
812 WAR: August: Abbasid Civil War
SIEGE: The Siege of Baghdad begins
813 WAR: September: Abbasid Civil War
SIEGE: The Siege of Baghdad ends with the capture of the city by the forces of al-Ma’mun
The death of al-Amin
815 REVOLT: Shi’a revolt under Abu ‘l-Saraya al-Sirri in Iraq
Harthama ibn A’yan quells the revolt
816 REVOLT: Shi’a revolt in Mecca
CONQUESTS: In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica
EXECUTION: Harthama ibn A’yan is executed
818 Ali al-Rida dies in Mashhad
Muhammad al-Taqi becomes Imam
CONQUESTS: The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Ibiza, Majorca, and Sardinia
820 SOVEREIGNTY: Tahir ibn Husayn establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan
821 979 DYNASTIES: Iranian Intermezzo rise of various native Iranian Muslim dynasties in the Iranian plateau
873 DYNASTIES: Tahirid dynasty in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
822 Death of al-Hakam I in Spain
Accession of Abd ar-Rahman II
823 Death of Tahir in Khurasan
DEPOSITION: Accession of Talha and his deposition
Accession of Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani
825 ca. 825: Establishment of the Emirate of Crete
827 902 CONQUEST: Muslim conquest of Sicily
Ali al-Hadi, the 10th Shia Imam is born
STATE RELIGION: Ma’mun declares the Mu’tazili creed as the state religion
833 Death of Ma’mun
Accession of al-Mu’tasim
835 ASSASSINATION: Muhammad al-Taqi is poisoned
Ali al-Hadi becomes Imam
836 901 ACADEMIA: Thabit Ibn Qurra, discovered a theorem which enables pairs of amicable numbers to be found
CAPITAL CITY: al-Mu’tasim moves the capital to Samarra
837 REVOLT: Revolt of the Jats
838 REVOLT: Revolt of Babak Khorramdin in Azarbaijan suppressed
SACKING: Sack of Amorium by al-Mu’tasim
839 REVOLT: Revolt of Mazyar in Tabaristan
OCCUPATION: The Muslims occupy South Italy
CAPTURE Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily
842 Death of al-Mu’tasim
Accession of al-Wathiq
843 REVOLT: Revolt of the Arabs
OFFENSIVE: Unsuccessful Byzantine attempt to reconquer the Emirate of Crete
846 BATTLE: Battle of Mauropotamos between Byzantines and Abbasids in Asia Minor
846 Hasan al-Askari, the 11th Shia Imam is born
847 871 Emirate of Bari
Death of Wathiq
Accession of al-Mutawakkil
849 Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani
Accession of Tahir II
850 ORTHODOXY: Al-Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy
852 Death of Abd ar-Rahman II of Spain
Accession of Muhammad I
856 SOVEREIGNTY Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind
858 Al-Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya
860 SOVEREIGNTY Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana
861 1003  DYNASTIES: Saffarid dynasty, an Iranian Persian empire
ASSASSINATION: Murder of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil
Accession of al-Muntasir
Beginning of the “Anarchy at Samarra
862 ASSASSINATION: Muntasir poisoned to death
Accession of al-Musta’in
863 BATTLE: The Battle of Lalakaon breaks the power of the emirate of Malatya
OFFENSIVE: Start of the Byzantine counter-offensive
864  930 ACADEMIA: Al-Razi, advocate of hygiene and patients’ psychology, wrote on alkali, caustic soda, soap, glycerine and naphta in “Book of the Secret of Secrets
REPUBLIC: Zaydi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan ibn Zayd (Alavids)
866 WAR: Abbasid Civil War
 FUGITIVE: Al-Musta’in flees from Samarra, his deposition
Accession of al-Mu’tazz
REPUBLIC: Muhammad ibn Yusuf Al-Ukhaidhir, a descendent of Ali, establishes an independent kingdom in Yamamah
867  SOVEREIGNTY: Ya’qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan
868 ASSASSINATION: Ali al-Hadi is poisoned
Hasan al-Askari becomes Imam
Muhammad al-Mahdi, the last Imam of shiite is born
Ahmad ibn Tulun finds the Tulunid rule in Egypt
869 ABDICATION: The Abbasid Caliph Mu’tazz forced to abdicate
Accession of al-Muhtadi
REVOLT: Beginning of Zanj Rebellion in Basra
870 REVOLT: Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death
Accession of al-Mu’tamid
871 BATTLE: Bari is captured by Louis II of Italy, ending the Emirate of Bari
873 Tahirid rule extinguished
874 ASSASSINATION: Hasan al-Askari is poisoned
Muhammad al-Mahdi becomes Imam
REPUBLIC: Zanji state established at al-Muktara during the Zanj Rebellion in South Iraq
Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad
Accession of Nasr I
 875/19 999 DYNASTIES: Samanid dynasty, an Iranian empire
877 Death of Ya’qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar in Sistan
Accession of Amr bin Layth
878 SIEGE: Fall of Syracuse to the Muslims
883 CESSATION: End of Zanj Rebellion
885 Death of Ahmad ibn Tulun in Egypt
Accession of Khumarawayh ibn Ahmad ibn Tulun
886 Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain
Accession of al-Mundhir
Death of Abdullah ibn Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind
888 Death of Mundhir the Umayyad ruler of Spain
Accession of Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi
891 REPUBLIC: The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain
892 Abbasid Caliph al-Mu’tamid death.
al-Mu’tadid becomes Caliph
Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr
Accession of Ismail I
893 Zaydi Imamate is established in Yemen by al-Hadi Yahya ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Qasim
894 The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain
896 Death of Khumarawayh ibn Ahmad ibn Tulun
Accession of Abu ‘l-Asakir Jaysh
897 ASSASSINATION: Abu ‘l-Asakir Jaysh assassinated
Accession of Abu Musa Harun
898 SACKING: Qarmatians sack Basra
x By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 3 per cent of the total



Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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