ME: Rise of Islam 8th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
1st millennium CE
Eighth century (701–800 CE / 81–184 AH)
FROM TO DETAIL: 
701   REVOLT: Ibn al-Ash’ath‘s rebellion in Iraq
  BATTLE: Battle of Dayr al-Jamajim
703   Ja’far al-Sadiq, the sixth Imam of Shia Islam is born
705   Death of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
  Accession of Al-Walid I as Umayyad Caliph
711 718 CONQUEST: Umayyad conquest of Hispania
714 Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent 
  Conquest of Spain by Tariq ibn Ziyad
  Conquest of  Transoxiana by Qutayba ibn Muslim  
712   Conquest of Sindh by Muhammad ibn Qasim
713   ASSASSINATION: Ali ibn Husayn, the fourth Imam of Islam was poisoned and martyred
  Muhammad al-Baqir becomes Imam
  CONQUEST: Conquest of Multan
715   Death of Walid I
  Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik becomes Umayyad Caliph
717 718 SIEGE: Beginning of the Second Arab siege of Constantinople
  Death of Sulayman
  Umar II becomes Umayyad Caliph
  PACT: Pact of Umar
718   SIEGE: End of the Second Arab siege of Constantinople
719 759 INVASION: Umayyad invasion of Gaul
720   Death of Umar II
  Yazid II becomes Umayyad Caliph
721   INVASION: First Turgesh invasion into Transoxiana under Kursul
724   Death of Yazid II
  Hisham becomes Umayyad Caliph
  Turgesh defeat Muslim ibn Sa’id al-Kilabi in the Day of Thirst
725   OCCUPATION: The Muslims occupy Nîmes in France
729   BATTLE: Khurasani army under Ashras ibn Abdallah al-Sulami scores a narrow victory over the Turgesh at the Battle of Baykand and recovers Bukhara
  SIEGE: The retreating Turgesh undertake the Siege of Kamarja
730   BATTLE: Khazars invade northwestern Iran and defeat the Umayyad forces at the Battle of Marj Ardabil, killing the Arab governor al-Djarrah al-Hakami and briefly occupying the town
731   BATTLE: Khurasani Arab army suffers horrendous casualties at the Battle of the Defile against the Turgesh. 20,000 Iraqi troops are sent to Khurasan to replenish losses
732   BATTLE: The Battle of Tours in France
734   REVOLT: Rebellion of al-Harith ibn Surayj erupts in Khurasan
735   Asad ibn Abdallah al-Qasri arrives in Khurasan and suppresses al-Harith’s rebellion
737   The Muslims meet a reverse at Avignon in France
  Marwan ibn Muhammad (later Caliph Marwan II) poured across the Caucasus and eventually defeated a Khazar army led by Hazer Tarkhan, briefly occupying Atil itself
  BATTLE: At the Battle of Kharistan, Asad ibn Abdallah al-Qasri drives back the Turgesh invasion of Khurasan
738   BATTLE: Battle of Rajasthan
740   REVOLT: Shi’a Zaydi Revolt under Zayd ibn Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa
  BATTLE: Battle of the Nobles
  BATTLE: Battle of Akroinon against the Byzantines
741   BATTLE: Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa
742   The Muslim rule restored in Qairawan
743   ASSASSINATION: Muhammad al-Baqir is poisoned
  Jafar al-Sadiq becomes Imam
  Death of Hisham
  Al-Walid II becomes Umayyad Caliph
  REVOLT: Shi’a revolt in Khurasan under Yahya ibn Zayd
744   DEPOSITION: Walid II deposed
  Yazid III becomes Umayyad Caliph and dies the same year
  REVOLT: Ibrahim becomes Umayyad Caliph and is overthrown the same year
  BATTLE: Battle of Ain al Jurr
  Marwan II becomes Umayyad Caliph
745   Musa al-Kazim, the seventh Imam of Shiite is born
  Ismail bin Jafar is the 7th rightful Imam according to Ismaili Shia
  OCCUPATION: Kufa occupied by the Kharijites
746 750 REVOLT: Abbasid Revolution
  OCCUPATION: Mosul occupied by the Kharijites
  BATTLE: Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II
747   REVOLT Abu Muslim in Khurasan Revolts
748   BATTLE: Battle of Rayy
749   BATTLE: Battle of Isfahan
  BATTLE: Battle of Nihawand
  CAPTURE: Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids
  As-Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa
750 1258 Abbasid Caliphate
  BATTLE: Battle of Zab
  CONQUEST: Fall of Damascus
  CESSATION: End of the Umayyads
751   CONQUEST: Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasids
    ASSASSINATION: Murder of the Minister Abu Salama
  BATTLE:  In the Battle of Talas, the Abbasid armies defeat Tang Dynasty of China
754   Death of al-Saffah
  Accession of al-Mansur as the Caliph
  REVOLT: Rebellion of al-Mansur’s uncle Abdallah ibn Ali
755   ASSASSINATION: Murder of Abu Muslim
  REVOLT: Sunbadh revolt in Khurasan
756   REPUBLIC: Abd-ar-rahman I founds the Umayyad state in Spain
758   INVASION: Khazar army under Ras Tarkhan invaded parts of Azerbaijan and Arran
    OCCUPATION: Khazar army under Ras Tarkhan temporarily occupies parts of Azerbaijan and Arran
759   CONQUEST: Abbasid conquest of Tabaristan
762   REVOLT: Revolt of Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
763   Foundation of Baghdad
  DEFEAT: Abbasids in Spain defeated
765   ASSASSINATION: Jafar al-Sadiq, who is the sixth imam of Shiite is poisoned
  THEOLOGICAL ACADEMIA: Jafar al-Sadiq, formulated theology and Shariah of shiite during his life, which called Mazhabe Jafari
  Musa al-Kazim becomes Imam
  Ali ar Rida the eighth imam was born
766   Sayram in Central Asia taken from the Nestorians
  Evangelical army of Arab Muslims and recent converts led by Abd al-Aziz
767   REPUBLIC: Khariji state set up by Ibn Madrar at Sijilmasa
  Ustad Sees revolt in Khurasan
770 840 ACADEMIA: Khwarizmi, developed algebra
772   BATTLE: Battle of Janbi in North Africa
  REPUBLIC: Rustamid state set up in Morocco
775   Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mansur
  Accession of Al-Mahdi
777   SIEGE: Siege of Saragossa in Spain
782   EXPEDITION: Harun al-Rashid leads a huge expedition against the Byzantines and reaches Chalcedon
785   Death of the Caliph Mahdi
  Accession of Al-Hadi
786   REVOLT: Alid rebellion in Mecca is suppressed in the Battle of Fakhkh
  BATTLE: Battle of Fakhkh
  Death of Hadi
  Accession of Harun al-Rashid
788   REPUBLIC: Idrisid state set up in the Maghrib
  Death of Abd ar-Rahman I of Spain
    Accession of Hisham I
792   INVASION: South France invaded
796   Death of Hisham in Spain
  Accession of al al-Hakam I
799   DEFEAT: Invasion by the Khazars defeated
800   ASSASSINATION: Musa al-Kazim is poisoned in prison of Harun al-Rashid
  Ali al-Rida becomes Imam
  REPUBLIC: Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa
  By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 2 percent of the total (centred on Iraq)

ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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