ME: Rise of Islam 18th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
2ND MILLENNIUM CE
18TH CENTURY (1701–1800) (1112 AH – 1215 AH)
FROM TO DETAIL: 
1703   In Ottoman Empire Ahmed III becomes the Sultan
Birth of Shah Wali Ullah
Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab
1707   Death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
Accession of his son Bahadur Shah
1711   WAR: War between Ottoman Empire and Russia (Russo-Turkish War (1710–11)
DEFEAT: Russia defeated at the Battle of Pruth
TREATY: Treaty of the Pruth signed
1712   Death of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I
Accession of Jahandar Shah
1713   OVERTHROW: Jahandar Shah overthrown by his nephew Farrukhsiyar
1715   RECAPTURED: In Ottoman Empire the peninsula of Morea and other Adriatic fortresses that had been ceded to Venetian Republic are reconquered
1716   DEFEAT: Defeat of Ottoman Empire armies by the Austrians under Prince Eugene of Savoy
BATTLE: Battle of Peterwardein and loss of strategic fortress of Temesvar
1718   DEFEAT: In the war against Austria, Ottoman Empire suffers continuing defeat and loss of fortress of Belgrade
TREATY: Treaty of Passarowitz, Ottomans lost Hungary
1719   DEPOSITION: Deposition of the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar
Muhammad Shah ascends the throne
In Sind, the Kalhoras came to power under Nur Muhammad Kalhora
In Ottoman Empire start of a long-period of peace, enlightenment and prosperity that was later named the Tulip period
1722   REPUBLIC: Saadat Khan found the independent state of Oudh
Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the Persians
The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia
Shah Hussain taken captive
accession of Shah Tahmasp II
1730   OCCUPATION: Zanzibar freed from Portuguese rule and occupied by Oreart
DEPOSITION: In Ottoman Empire Sultan Ahmed III is deposed by Patrona Insurrection
CESSATION: End of the Tulip period
MONARCHY: Mahmud I ascends the throne
1735   WAR: Start of war between Ottoman Empire and Russia (Russo-Turkish War (1735–39)
1737   Entry of Austria into (Russo-Turkish War (1735–39)) against Ottoman Empire. 
1739   SACKING: Persian ruler Nadir Shah sacks the Mughal capital of Delhi in India
TREATY: In Ottoman Empire Austria signs the separate Belgrade Treaty
TREATY: Russia signs the Treaty of Nissa
CESSATION: End to Russo-Turkish War (1735–39)
1747   SOVEREIGNTY: Ahmed Shah Abdali established Afghan rule in Afghanistan
1744   ALLIANCE: Muhammad bin Saud, founder of the al-Saud dynasty, joined forces with the religious leader Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, founder of the Wahhabi movement in Nejd
1752   ACADEMIA: Death of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, writer of Sassi Pannu, Sohni Mahinwal and Umer Marvo
CAPTURE: Ahmed Shah Durrani captured Punjab, Kashmir and Sind
1754   In Ottoman Empire death of Mahmud I
Accession of Osman III
1755   REPUBLIC: Division of the Mataram Sultanate, Indonesia, the last major independent Muslim state in Java before Dutch colonisation
1757   In Ottoman Empire death of Osman III
Accession of Mustafa III
1761   Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi
Ahmed Shah Abdali comes to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi 
BATTLE: Battle of Panipat
VICTORY: Ahmed Shah Abdali smashes rising Maratha Empire power in the Third Battle of Panipat
1764   CONVERTS: Conversion to Islam of Areadi Gaya, ruler of Futa Bandu State in West Sudan
1768   WAR: Start of the war between Ottoman Empire-Russia (Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)
DEFEAT: Defeats of Ottoman land armies at various battles
1770   BATTLE: Burning of the Ottoman fleet at Naval Battle of Chesma by a Russian fleet that has come from Baltic Sea
1771   CONQUEST: Conquest of the Crimean Peninsula by Russian forces and the end of Ottoman dominance over Khanate of Crimea
1773   Death of Ahmed Shah Abdali
1774   In Ottoman Empire death of Mustafa III
Accession of Abdul Hamid I
DEFEAT: Defeat of the Ottoman armies by Russians
TREATY: Signing of the Treaty of Kuçuk Kainarji to end the Ottoman-Russian war (Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)
Khanate of Crimea nominally gained independence but in fact became a dependency of Russia.
1779   ACCORD: Signing of Aynalikavak Accord between Ottoman Empire and Russia
1783   CESSATION: End of Kalhora rule in Sind
OCCUPATION: Russia occupies and annexes the Crimean Peninsula
CESSATION: Ends the rule of Khanate of Crimea
1787   WAR: In Ottoman Empire start of war against Austria and Russia (Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
Death of Sultan Abdulhamid I
Accession of Selim III
1791   TREATY: Signing of the Treaty of Sistova
CESSATION: End of the war between Austria and Ottoman Empire
1792   WAR: War between Ottoman Empire and Russia (Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
TREATY: Ends with signing of the Treaty of Jassy
1793   GOVERNMENT: Selim III issues a set of New Regulations for the Ottoman Empre, providing for establishment of a military corps based on European models, reforming economic regulations by curbing the abuses of foreign berats, and revising the tax system
1797   Death of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the Shah of Persia
OCCUPATION: Russia occupied Dagestan
1798   CAMPAIGN: Landing of the armies of French Republic under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte in Ottoman Province of Egypt
BATTLE: Battle of the Pyramids
DEFEAT: Defeat of the Ottoman provincial army of Mamluks at Battle of the Pyramids
DEFEAT: Defeat and burning of French Fleet at naval Battle of Aboukir by the British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson
ALLIANCE: Alliance of Ottoman Empire – Great Britain – Russia against France
1799 SIEGE: Siege of Acre
  DEFEAT: Defeat of the French expeditionary force from Egypt under Napoleon Bonaparte at Siege of Acre by the Ottoman defenders
RETREAT: Retreat of the French back to Egypt
Ranjit Singh declared himself Maharajah of Punjab defeating Afghans
REPUBLIC: Khoqand declared independent Islamic State
Death of Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Kingdom of Mysore in India
By the end of this century, global Muslim population was estimated at 115 million
     

 

ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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