ME: Rise of Islam 15th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
2nd millennium CE
15th century 1400 AD to 1499 AD (803 AH – 905 AH)
FROM TO DETAIL: 
1400     Golden Horde: ca. 1400 Temur Qutlugh dies and is succeeded by Shadi Beg.
1400   DEFEAT: Mamluk Empire: The Burji Mamluks lose Syria to Tamerlane.
1402 1403 DEFEAT: Ottoman Empire: Beyazid I is defeated at the Battle of Ankara and taken captive by Tamerlane. An interregnum period begins when the sons of Beyazid I compete for the Ottoman throne.
1405     Timurid Empire: Tamerlane dies and is succeeded by his son, Shah Rukh.
1407   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Shadi Beg is deposed and Edigu installs Pulad Khan as his successor.
1410   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Pulad Khan is deposed in favor of Timur.
1412   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Timur is deposed in favor of Jalal ad-Din khan, the first of Tokhtamysh’s sons to take power since his death.
1413   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Jalal ad-Din khan is deposed in favor of his brother, Karim Berdi.
1414   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Karim Berdi is deposed in favor of Kebek.
1416   DEPOSITION: Golden Horde: Kebek Khan is deposed in favor of  Yeremferden, the brother of Karim Berdi and Jalal ad-Din khan.
1419   ASSASSINATION: Golden Horde: Yeremferden is assassinated; control of the Horde is split between Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad.
1413   CESSATION: Mamluk Empire: Interregnum period ends
    Mamluk Empire: Mehmed I becomes Sultan.
1419   ASSASSINATION: Nogai Horde: Edigu is assassinated by Olugh Mokhammad, who assumes his place as Khan, re-uniting it with the Golden Horde.
1420   CAPTURE: Golden Horde: Dawlat Berdi captures Sarai and expands his sphere of influence beyond the Crimean Peninsula.
1423   DEFEAT: Golden Horde: Baraq defeats Dawlat Berdi
    Golden Horde: Olugh Mokhammad and takes control of the Horde.
  FUGITIVE: Golden Horde: Olugh Mokhammad flees to Lithuania.
1427   DEFEAT: Golden Horde: With the assistance of Vytautas the Great, Olugh Mokhammad and Dawlat Berdi defeat and kill Baraq.
1420     Kara Koyunlu: Qara Yusuf dies and is succeeded by his son, Qara Iskandar.
    ASSASSINATION: Morocco: Abu Said Othman is assassinated and succeeded by Abdul Haq, his infant son.
1424     Tunisia: The Hafsids come to power.
1425     Uzbeks: Abul Khayr takes control of the Little jüz.
1430   OCCUPATION: Uzbeks: Abul Khayr occupies Khwarezmia.
1432   ASSASSINATION: Golden Horde: Dawlat Berdi is assassinated
  CONQUEST: Golden Horde: Hacı I Giray conquers the Crimea, founding the Crimean Khanate.
1434     Ak Koyunlu: Qara Osman dies and is succeeded by Ali Beg.
  DEPOSITION: Kara Koyunlu: Qara Iskandar is deposed in favor of his brother, Jahan Shah.
    Tunisia: Abdul Faris dies after forty years of rule and is succeeded by Abu Abdullah Muhammad.
1435   DEPOSITION: Tunisia: Abu Abdullah Muhammad is deposed in favor of Abu Umar Othman.
1437   DEFEAT: Golden Horde: Olugh Mokhammad is defeated by Sayid Ahmad I, who takes control of the Horde.
1438   OVERTHROW: Ak Koyunlu: Ali Beg is overthrown by his brother, Hamza.
    Khanate of Kazan: Olugh Mokhammad founds the Khanate of Kazan.
  COUP: Mamluk Empire: Barsbay dies and his son, Jamaluddin Yusuf, is prevented from taking power in a coup orchestrated by Saifuddin Gakmuk.
1440   OVERTHROW: Ak Koyunlu: Hamza is overthrown by Jahangir, a son of Ali Beg.
1444     Ottoman Empire: The Anti-Ottoman League of Lezhe in Albania is formed by Scanderbeg.
  ABDICATION: Murad II voluntarily abdicates from his throne in favor of his son Mehmed II after the former’s defeat at the hands of crusaders at the Battle of Varma.
1446   SOVEREIGNTY: Ottoman Empire: Murad II reclaims the throne.
    Timurid Empire: Shah Rukh dies and is succeeded by Ulugh Beg.
1448   VICTORY: Ottoman Empire: The Ottomans are victorious at the Second Battle of Kossova.
  REPUBLIC: Ottoman Empire: Serbia is annexed and Bosnia is made a vassal.
1449     Timurid Empire: Ulugh Beg dies and is succeeded by ‘Abd al-Latif.
  CAPTURE: Uzbeks: Abul Khayr captures Farghana.
1450   ASSASSINATION: Timurid Empire: ‘Abd al-Latif is assassinated and succeeded by Abu Sa’id.
1451     Ottoman Empire: Murad II dies and is succeeded by his son, Mehmed II.
1453 1566   Ottoman Empire: Growth of the Ottoman Empire
    Ak Koyunlu: Jahangir dies and is succeeded by his son, Uzun Hassan.
  OVERTHROW: Mamluk Empire: Gakmuk dies and is succeeded by his son, Fakhruddin Othman, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Inal.
  CAPTURE: Ottoman Empire: Constantinople is captured.
1456   REPUBLIC: Ottoman Empire: Wallachia is made a vassal.
1459     Golden Horde: Küchük Muhammad dies and is succeeded by his son, Maxmud.
1461   OVERTHROW: Mamluk Empire: Saifuddin Inal died and is succeeded by his son, Shahabuddin Ahmad, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Khushqadam.
1462     Ottoman Empire: Albania is annexed.
1465   DEPOSITION: Ottoman Empire: Maxmud founds the Astrakhan Khanate after he is deposed by his brother, Akhmat Khan.
  ASSASSINATION: Morocco: Abdul Haq is assassinated, ending the Marinid dynasty. Sharif Muhammad al Jati assumes power.
  DEPOSITION: Mamluk Empire: Khushqadam dies and is succeeded by his son, Saifuddin Yel Bey, who is then deposed by Temur Bugha.
1467     Kara Koyunlu: Jahan Shah is killed in a surprise attack arranged by his rival, Uzun Hasan, leader of Ak Koyunlu. Ak Koyunlu then annexes Kara Koyunlu.
1467     Ak Koyunlu: Kara Koyunlu is annexed.
1468   DEPOSITION: Mamluk Empire: Temur Bugha is deposed by Qaitbay.
    Uzbeks: Abul Khayr dies and is succeeded by his son Haidar Sultan.
  DEFEAT: Ak Koyunlu: The Timurids are defeated at the Battle of Qarabagh. Ak Koyunlu then becomes the masters of Persia and Khorasan.
 1469     Timurid Empire: Abu Sa’id dies; the Timurid state. In Husayn Bayqarah maintains control of Greater Khorasan.
1472   OVERTHROW: Morocco: Sharif Muhammad al Jati is overthrown by Muhammad al Shaikh, establishing the Wattasid dynasty.
1473   DEFEAT: Ottoman Empire: Mehmed II defeats sultan Uzun Hasan of Ak Koyunlu at the Battle of Otluk Beli.
1475   CONQUEST: Ottoman Empire: The Khanate of Crimea is conquered and made a vassal state.
    DEFEAT: Venice is defeated and the Ottoman Empire becomes master of the Aegean Sea.
1478     Ak Koyunlu: Uzun Hasan dies and is succeeded by his son, Khalil ibn Uzun Hasan.
1479   OVERTHROW: Ak Koyunlu: Khalil Hasan is overthrown by his uncle, Y‘aqub ibn Uzun Hasan.
1480   ASSASSINATION: Golden Horde: Akhmat Khan is assassinated and succeeded by his son, Said Ahmad II.
1481   OVERTHROW: Golden Horde: Said Ahmad II is overthrown by his brother Murtada.
    Ottoman Empire: Mehmed II dies and is succeeded by Beyazid II.
    Ottoman Empire:  Cen Sultan rebels.
1488     Uzbeks: Haider Sultan dies and is succeeded by his nephew, Shaybani Khan.
    Tunisia: Abu Umar Othman dies and is succeeded by Abu Zikriya Yahya.
1489     Tunisia: Abu Zikriya Yahya is overthrown by Abul Mumin.
1490   OVERTHROW: Tunisia: Abul Mumin is overthrown and Abu Zikriya Yahya retakes the throne.
1492   CAPTURE: Iberia: Granada is captured by Spain,
  CESSATION: End of 800 years of Muslim rule in Spain.
1493     Ak Koyunlu: Y‘aqub ibn Uzun Hasan dies and is succeeded by his son, Baisonqur ibn Y‘aqub.
1495   OVERTHROW: Ak Koyunlu: Baisonqur is overthrown by his cousin, Rustam ibn Maqsud.
1496   ABDICATION: Mamluk Empire: Qaitbay abdicates and is succeeded by his son, Nasir Muhammad.
1497   OVERTHROW: Ak Koyunlu: Maqsud is overthrown by his cousin, Ahmad Gövde ibn Muhammad.
1498   DEPOSITION: Mamluk Empire: Nasir Muhammad is deposed and replaced by Zahir Kanauh.
1499   CONQUEST: Uzbeks: Shaybani Khan conquers Transoxiana.
    Golden Horde: Murtada dies and is succeeded by Said Ahmad III.
  DEFEAT: Ottoman Empire: the Ottoman fleet defeats the Venetians in the Battle of Zonchio.
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ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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