ME: Rise of Islam 13th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
2nd millennium CE
13th century (1201–1300) (600 AH – 703 AH)
FROM TO DETAIL: 
1202 1204 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.4: Crusade
    Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din
    Accession of Mahmud of Ghurid
1204   DEFEAT: Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks
1206     Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri
  SOVEREIGNTY: Qutb ud Din Aibik crowned king in Lahore
1210   ASSASSINATION: Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan Mahmud
    Accession of Sam
    Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak
    Accession of Aram Shah in India
1211   CESSATION: End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs
  OVERTHROW: In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish
1212   CRUSADE: PEOPLE’S and CHILDREN’S CRUSADE: Crusade
    BATTLE: Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in Spain
  CESSATION: End of the Almohad rule in Spain
  DEFEAT: The Almohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Las Navas de Tolosa
  FUGITIVE: The Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir escapes to Morocco
1213 1288 ACADEMIA: Ibn Al-Nafis, discovered the lesser circulatory system of the heart and the lungs), and described the mechanism of breathing and its relation to the blood
    Almohad Sultan Muhammad an-Nasir‘s death
    Accession of his son Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph
1216   OCCUPATION: The Marinids under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco
  DEFEAT: The Almohad suffer defeat by the Marinids at the Battle of Nakur
1217 1221 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.5: Crusade
  DEFEAT: The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river
    Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco
1218 1221 CONQUEST: Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia marked the beginning of the Mongol conquest of the Islamic states
    Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al-Adil I
    Accession of Al-Kamil
  OCCUPATION: The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader Othman and occupy Fez
1220     Death of the Khwarezmid
    Shah Muhammad II of Khwarezm
    Accession of Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu
1223     Death of the Almohad ruler Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph
    Accession of Abdul-Wahid I, Almohad Caliph.
    In Spain a brother of Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph declares his independence and assumes the title of Al Adil (Abdallah, Almohad Caliph).
1224     Death of the Almohad ruler Abd al-Wahid I
    Accession of Abdallah, Almohad Caliph
1225     Death of the Abbasid Caliph An-Nasir
    Accession of Az-Zahir
1227   ASSASSINATION: Assassination of the Almohad ruler Abdullah Adil
    Accession of his son, Yahya
1228 1229 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.6: Crusade
1229     Death of the Almohad ruler Yahya
    Accession of Idris I
  JERUSALEM: The Ayyubid Al-Kamil restores  Flag_of_Israel.svg  Jerusalem to the Christians
1230   CESSATION: End of the Khwarezmid Empire
1232     Death of the Almohad ruler Idris I
    Accession, of Abdul Wahid II
1234     Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al-Kamil
    Accession of Al-Adil II
1236     Death of Delhi Sultan Altamash
    Accession of Rukn ud din Firuz
1237     Accession of Razia Sultan as Delhi Sultan
1241 1244 INVASIONS: Mongol invasions of Anatolia
    Death of Razia Sultan
    Accession of Muiz ud din Bahram
1242     Death of Muiz ud din Bahram
    Accession of Ala ud din Masud as Delhi Sultan
    Death of the Almohad ruler Abd al-Wahid II
    Accession of Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid
    Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustansir
    Accession of Al-Musta’sim
1244   BATTLE: Battle of Abu Bayash
  DEFEAT: The Almohad defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash
  RETREAT: The Marinids evacuate Morocco
1245   JERUSALEM: The Muslims reconquer  Flag_of_Israel.svg  Jerusalem
1246     Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud din Masud
    Accession of Nasir ud din Mahmud
1248 1254 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.7: Crusade
    Death of the Almohad
    Ruler Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid, ambushed in an attack to Tlemcen
    Accession of Umar, Almohad Caliph
1250   OCCUPATION: The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greater part thereof
1258   BATTLE: Battle of Baghdad (1258)
  SACKING: Forces of the Mongol Empire sack Baghdad
  CESSATION: Forces of the Mongol Empire destruct the House of Wisdom, marking the end of the Islamic Golden Age
    Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta’sim
  CESSATION: End of the Abbasid rule
  SOVEREIGNTY: The Mongols under Hulagu Khan establish their rule in Iran and Iraq
    Berek Khan, the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde, protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraws his contingent from Baghdad
1259     The Hafsid ruler Abd Allah Muhammad declares himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of Al Mustansir
1260 1323 INVASIONS: Mongol invasions of the Levant
  BATTLE: Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria
  DEFEAT: The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken
    Baibars becomes the Mamluk Sultan
1261 1517   Mamluk Sultanate of Cairo
1262     Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order in the South Asia
1265     Death of Hulagu Khan
    Death of Fariduddin Ganjshakar the Chishti saint of the South Asia
1266   CONVERTS: Death of Berke Khan, the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam
1267   REPUBLIC: Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia
  INVASIONS: Umar, Almohad Caliph seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco
    The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco
  ASSASSINATION: Assassination of Umar, Almohad Caliph
    Accession of Idris II, Almohad Caliph
1269   OVERTHROW: Idris II, Almohad Caliph is overthrown by the Marinids
    CESSATION: End of the Almohad
  SOVEREIGNTY: The Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub
1270   CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.8: The eighth crusade: the crusaders invade Tunisia; failure of the crusade
    Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim rule in Mali
1271 1272 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.9: Crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England
1272     Death of Muhammad I of Granada the founder of the state of Granada
  INVASIONS: Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle
1273     Death of Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi
1274     Death of Nasir al-Din Tusi
    The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Ziyyanids
1277     Death of Baibars
1280   BATTLE: Battle of Hims
1283     Death of Yaghmurasan
    Accession of his son Othman
1285     Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie
1286     Death of Ghiasuddin Balban
    Death of Abu Yusuf Yaqub
  INDEPENDENCE:  Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under the name of Nasiruddin
1290   CESSATION: End of the slave dynasty in India
  SOVEREIGNTY: Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji comes into power
  CONQUEST: Othman embarks on a career of conquest and, by 1290, most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Ziyyanids
1291     Death of Iranian poet Saadi
1296   CONVERTS: Mongol ruler Ghazan Khan converted to Islam
1299 1923 SOVEREIGNTY: Rise of the Ottoman Empire
  INVASIONS: Mongols invade Syria
  SIEGE: The Marinids besiege Tlemcen, the capital of the Ziyyanid Kingdom of Tlemcen.
    By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 7 per cent of the total
1300   DEPORTATION: Deportation of the last Muslims from Lucera, Italy

ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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