ME: Rise of Islam 12th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
2nd millennium CE
12th century (1101–1200 CE / 494 – 597 AH)
FROM TO   DETAIL:
1100/01 1166  ACADEMIA: Muhammad al-Idrissi, known for having drawn some of the most advanced ancient world maps
1101     Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Musta’li
    Accession of al-Amir Bi-Ahkamillah
1105     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiyaruq
    Accession Of Mehmed I of Great Seljuk
1106     Death of the Al Motavid Yusuf bin Tashfin
1107     Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arslan I
  SUCCESSION: Succession of Malik Shah of Rüm
1108     Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin
    Accession of Yahya of Zirid
1111   ACADEMIA: Persian Islamic jurist and philosopher Al-Ghazali dies
1116     Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah
    Accession of Mas’ud of Rüm
1118     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad
    Accession of Mahmud II of Great Seljuk.
    Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustazhir,
    Accession of al-Mustarshid.
  CAPTURE: In Spain the Christians capture Zaragoza.
1121     Death of the Fatimid ruler Al-Amir Bi-Ahkamillah
    Accession of Al-Hafiz
1127   SOVEREIGNTY: Imad ad-Din Zengi establishes the Zengi rule In Mosul
1128     Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad
    Accession of Atsiz.
1130     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II of Great Seljuk
    Accession of Toghrül II
1135   ASSASSINATION Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustarshid
    Accession of al-Rashid.
    Death of the Seljuk Sultan Toghrül II,
    Accession of Mas’ud of Great Seljuk.
1136   DEPOSITION: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Rashid
    Accession of Al-Muqtafi
1144   CAPTURE: Zengi captures Edessa from the Christians
1146     Death of Zengi
    Accession of Nur ad-Din
1147 1149 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.2 Second crusade  (1147 – 1149)
  OVERTHROW: In the Maghrib Al Moravids overthrown by the Almohad under Abd al-Mu’min
1269 CONVERTS: Almohad Caliphate, a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement, started by Ibn Tumart among the Masmuda
1148   CESSATION: End of the Zirid rule’ in North Africa
  SIEGE: Siege of Damascus repulsed.
VICTORY: Winning the Second Crusade
1149     Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Hafiz
    Accession of Az-Zafir
1152     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mas’ud of Great Seljuk
    Accession of Malik Shah III
  CESSATION: Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa
1153     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah III
    Accession of Mehmed II of Great Seljuk
1154     Death of the Fatimid Caliph az-Zafir
    Accession of Al-Faiz
1156     Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Mas’ud of Rüm
    Accession of Kilij Arslan II
1159     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mehmed II of Great Seljuk
    Accession of Süleyman
1160     Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Muqtafi
    Accession of al-Mustanjid
    Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Faiz
    Accession of al-Adid
1161     Death of the Seljuk Süleyman of Great Seljuk
    Accession of Arslan Shah
1163     Death of the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu’min
    Accession of Yusuf I, Almohad Caliph
1170     Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustanjid
    Accession of Al-Mustadi
1171     Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Adid
  CESSATION: End of the Fatimid caliphate
1260 DYNASTIES: Saladin founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt
1172     Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan,
    Accession of Sultan Shah.
1173   OVERTHROW: The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah
1174     Saladin annexes Syria
1175   DEFEAT: The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks
OCCUPATION: The Ghurids occupy Ghazni
1176     Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arslan Shah
    Accession of Toghrül III
1179     Death of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustadi,
    Accession of an-Nasir.
  CAPTURE: Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar.
1185     Death of the Almohad ruler Yusuf I, Almohad Caliph,
    Accession of Yaqub, Almohad Caliph.
1186   OVERTHROW: The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznavid in the Punjab.
1187   JERUSALEM: Saladin recaptures  Flag_of_Israel.svg  Jerusalem from the Christians,
1189 1192 CRUSADE: CRUSADE NO.3: Third Crusade (1189 – 1192)
1191   BATTLE: First Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids
1192   BATTLE: Second Battle of Tarain
1193     Death of Saladin
    Accession of Al-Aziz Uthman
1194   OCCUPATION: Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims
  CESSATION: End of the Seljuk rule
1199     Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah;
    Accession of Ala ud Din.
    Death of the Almohad ruler Yaqub, Almohad Caliph;
    Accession of Muhammad an-Nasir.
  CONQUEST: Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids.
  By the end of this century, global Muslim population had grown to 6 per cent of the total.

ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

 

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