ME: Rise of Islam 10th CE

Timeline of Middle Eastern history.


Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century
THE RISE AND FALL OF ISLAM:
2nd millennium CE
10th century (901–1000 CE / 288–391 AH)
FROM TO DETAIL: 
902 Death of the Abbasid Caliph
al-Mu’tadid; al-Muktafi becomes Caliph
Death of the Saffarid ruler Amr bin Laith
CONQUEST: Fall of Taormina signals the completion of the Muslim conquest of Sicily
903 ASSASSINATION: Qarmatian ruler Abu-Sa’id Jannabi assassinated
Accession of Abu Tahir
905 Abdallah bin Hamdan founds the Hamdanid rule in Mosul and Jazira
CESSATION: End of the Tulunid rule in Egypt
908 Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi
Accession of al-Muqtadir
CESSATION: End of the Saffarid rule, annexation of their territories by the Samanids
909 1171 REPUBLIC Fatimid Caliphate, originally based in Tunisia, spanned a vast area of the Arab lands, ultimately made Egypt its centre
OVERTHROW: Sa’id ibn Husayn, with the help of his chief missionary-commander Abdullah ibn Husayn Al-Shi’i overthrows the Aghlabids and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa at which time he changes his title to Imam Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah
EXPULSION: The Aghlabid Ziyadat Allah is thus expelled from the region, and with him the final remnants of Sunni Islam in North Africa
912 Death of the Umayyad Abdallah ibn Muhammad in Spain
Accession of Abd-ar-rahman III
913 ASSASSINATION: Samanid ruler Ahmad assassinated
Accession of Nasr II
928 REPUBLIC: Mardavij ibn Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan
929 1031 Caliphate of Córdoba, with the Iberian peninsula as an integral province, ruled from Damascus
SACKING: Qarmatians sack Mecca and carry away the Black Stone from the Kaaba
In Spain, Abd-ar-rahman III declares himself Caliph of Cordoba
931 DEPOSITION: Deposition and restoration of the Abbasid Caliph al-Muqtadir
Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Tahir
Accession of Abu Mansur
932 1055 Buyid dynasty in Iran
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir
Accession of al-Qahir
Saltuk Buğra Khan of Karahan Turks embraced Islam
934 DEPOSITION: Abbasid Caliph al-Qahir deposed
Accession of ar-Radi
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ubaidullah
Accession of al Qaim
Imad al-Dawla establishes Buwayhid power in Fars
935 CONQUEST: Rukn al-Dawla conquers Ray and establishes the Buwayhid government there
ASSASSINATION: Ziyarid ruler Mardavij assassinated
Accession of Vushmgir
Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdallah ibn Hamdan
Accession of Nasir al-Dawla
936 COUP: By coup, Ibn Raiq becomes the Amir al-Umara under Abbasid Caliph ar-Radi
938 COUP: By another coup, power at Baghdad is captured by Bajkam
940 Death of the Abbasid Caliph ar-Radi
Accession of al-Muttaqi
941 Death of Bajkam
CAPTURE: al-Muttaqi capture of power by Kurtakin
942 979 Sallarid dynasty in Iran, Azerbaijan and Armenia
RECAPTURE: Ibn Raiq recaptures power in Baghdad
943 CAPTURE: Al-Baridi captures power
The Abbasid Caliph al-Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids
CAPTURE: Nasir al-Dawla captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to Baghdad
CAPTURE: Power is captured by Tuzun and Nasir al-Dawla retires to Mosul
Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr II
Accession of Nuh I
944 DISPOSITION: al-Muttaqi is blinded and deposed
Accession of al-Mustakfi
945 Death of Tuzun
Shirzad becomes Amir ul-Uamra
CAPTURE: Mu’izz al-Dawla captures power and establishes the Buwayhid dynasty in Iraq
DEPOSITION: of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mustakfi
946 Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Qaim
Accession of Mansur
Death of the Ikhshid ruler Muhammad bin Tughj
Accession of Abul Qasim Ungur
Sayf al-Dawla establishes himself at Aleppo
949 Death of the Buwayhid shah of Fars
‘Imad al-Dawla
Accession of ‘Adud al-Dawla
951 The Qarmatians restore the Black Stone to the Kaaba
954 Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh I
Accession of ‘Abd al-Malik I
961 Death of the Samanid ruler ‘Abd al-Malik I
Accession of Mansur I
Turkish mameluk Alptigin founds the rule of the Ghazanavids
Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III in Spain
Accession of al-Hakam II
Death of the Ikhshid ruler Ungur
Accession of Abul Hasan Ali
965 1091 Emirate of Sicily
Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Mansur
Accession of Hasan Azam
ASSASSINATION: of the Ikhshid ruler Abul Hasan Ali
CAPTURE: Power captured by Malik Kafur
BATTLE: Fall of Tarsus to the Byzantines
967 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Mu’izz al-Dawla
Accession of ‘Izz al-Dawla
Death of the Hamdanid ruler Sayf al-Dawla
968 Death of the Ikhshid ruler Malik Kafur
Accession of Abul Fawaris
969 OCCUPATION: Byzantines occupy Antioch and force Aleppo to become a protectorate
CONQUEST: The Fatimids conquer Egypt
970 ACIDEMIA: Foundation of Al-Azhar University, oldest Islamic institution for higher studies
972 Buluggin ibn Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids in Algeria
973 Shi’a Sunni disturbances in Baghdad
CAPTURE: Power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Sabuktigin
974 Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Muti
Accession of at-Ta’i
975 Death of the Fatimid Caliph al-Muizz
976 RECAPTURE: The Buwayhid Sultan ‘Izz al-Dawla recaptures power with the help of his cousin ‘Adud al-Dawla
Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur I
Accession of Nuh II
In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph al-Hakam II
Accession of Hisham II
977 Sabuktigin becomes the amir of Ghaznavids
978 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan ‘Izz al-Dawla
CAPTURE: Power captured by ‘Adud al-Dawla who ruled former in Fars
OVERTHROW: The Hamdanids of Aleppo overthrown by the Buwayhids
981 CESSATION: End of the Qarmatian rule at Bahrain
982 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Adud al-Dawla
Accession of Samsam al-Dawla
984 Death of the Zirid ruler Buluggin
Accession of al-Mansur ibn Buluggin
986 OVERTHROW:  The Buwayhid Sultan Samsam al-Dawla overthrown by Sharaf al-Dawla
989 Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Sharaf al-Dawla
Accession of Baha al-Dawla
991 DEPOSITION: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph at-Ta’i
Accession of al-Qadir
996 Death of the Zirid ruler Mansur
Accession of Badis ibn Mansur
997 Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh II
Accession of Mansur II
998 Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur II
Accession of ‘Abd al-Malik II
Mahmud of Ghaznavid becomes the Amir of Ghazni
999 Bughra Khan of Karahan Turks capture Bukhara
CESSATION: End of the Samanids
By the end of this century, global Muslim population was estimated at 10 million
     

ORIGINAL SOURCES: en.wikipedia.org

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

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